Expertise: Dr. Kaye has special interest in medieval philosophy, critical thinking, pop culture, and evolution. She is the local coordinator of Amnesty International.


Ph.D. Philosophy: University of Toronto, 1993‑1997
Dissertation: William of Ockham’s Theory of Conscience
Supervisors: Calvin Normore and Bernard Katz

M.A. Philosophy: University of Toronto, 1992‑1993

B.A. Philosophy: University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1989‑1992
Graduated with Distinction

Diploma in Massage Therapy:  Ohio College of Massotherapy, 2007
Graduated with Honors

Licensed by the Ohio State Medical Board to practice Massage Therapy, 2008


Recent Publications

  • Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (Hodder, 2014)
  • “My Long Lost Lover the Antichrist,” The Devil and Philosophy (Open Court 2014)
  • “Discipline and Punish: A Foucaultian Analysis of the Modern Crib,” Philosophy Pathways No. 182: 18 January, 2014
  • What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Lover (Open Court, 2012)
  • The Onion and Philosophy (Open Court, 2011)
  • Kaye, Sharon, and Earl Spurgin, “Using the Internet Platform “Second Life‟ to Teach Social Justice,” Teaching Philosophy 34.1 (2011): 17-32.


  • Black Market Truth, Book One of The Aristotle Quest: A Dana McCarter Trilogy (Parmenides Publishing, 2008
  • Medieval Philosophy (Oneworld Press, 2008)
  • Lost and Philosophy (Blackwell, 2007)
  • Available in Turkish and Portuguese
  • Philosophy for Teens, with co-author Paul Thomson (Prufrock Press, 2006)
  • Available in Korean
  • More Philosophy for Teens, with co-author Paul Thomson (Prufrock Press, 2007)
  • On Ockham, with co-author Robert Martin (Wadsworth, 2001)
  • On Augustine, with co-author Paul Thomson (Wadsworth, 2001)
  • Available in Slovak

Popular Articles

  • “Why Publish?” Academe 94:3 (May-June 2008): pp. 33-4.
  • “Quantum Physics and Ockham’s Eraser,” Science and Spirit 18:5 (November/December, 2007): 46-47.
  • “L.O.S.T. in Lost,” Lost and Philosophy, edited by Sharon M. Kaye (Blackwell, 2007): 1-5.
  • “It’s So Bad It’s Sick: Why Philosophy is for Teens,” Insights 17:1 (Fall 2007): 1-2.
  • “Mmmyez: Stewie and the Seven Deadly Sins,” Family Guy and Philosophy, edited by J. Jeremy Wisnewski (Blackwell, 2007): 74-86.
  • “The Running Life:  Getting In Touch With Your Inner Hunter Gatherer,” Running and Philosophy, edited by Michael Austin (Blackwell, 2007): 161-170.
  • “Cosmic Sledding,” with co-author Robert Prisco, under the pseudonym D.W. Ireland, The Dalhousie Review 86:3 (Autumn 2006): 389-396.
  • “Dress Rehearsal For Life:  Teaching Philosophy to High School Students” Analytic Teaching 26:1 (Spring 2006): 1-9.
  • “In the End it’s the Tail: Thomas Aquinas’s Fifth Proof of the Existence of God,” with co-author Robert Prisco, Think (Summer 2005): 67-74.
  • “Could the Universe be Infinitely Old?  Thomas Aquinas’ First Way of Proving the Existence of God,” with co-author Taleiza Calloway, Dialogue 24 (2005): 21-25.
  • “Lassoing the Wind: Can the Doctrine of Analogy do the Trick?” with co-author Nelson Foster, Dialogue 22 (2004): 3-6.
  • “Ockham’s Razor,” Think 4 (Summer 2003): 91-95.
  • “Buffy in the Buff: A Slayer’s Solution to Aristotle’s Love Paradox,” with co-author Melissa Milavec in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Philosophy, edited by James B. South (Chicago: Opencourt, 2003), pp. 173-184.
  • “Is God the Source of Morality?” with co-author Harry Gensler in God Matters, edited by Ray Martin and Christopher Bernard (New York: Longman Press, 2002), pp. 481-487.

Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed Articles

  • “William of Ockham” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007,
  • “The Virtue of Playing Along,” Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14:1 (Spring 2007): 1-10.
  • “Was There No Concept of Evolution in the Middle Ages?:  The Case of William of Ockham,” British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 14:2 (Spring 2006): 225-244.
  • “True Friendship and the Logic of Lying,” Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (2005): 475-485.
  • Where Is the Antichrist? A Review Article of Behold the Antichrist, by Delos B. McKown,” Sophia 44:2 (October 2005): 59-66.
  • “Personhood and Free Will,” The Philosopher 92:2 (Autumn 2004): 11-13.
  • “Free Will and Ockham’s Razor: A Revival of the Argument from Introspection,” Personhood, ed. Heikki Ikäheimo et al., University of Jyväskylä Publications in Philosophy 68 (2004): 99-105.
  • “Why the Liberty of Indifference is Worth Wanting: Buridan’s Ass, Friendship, and Peter John Olivi,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 21:1 (January, 2004): 21-42.
  • “Saying ‘No’ to God: The Emergence of Metaphysical Freedom,” Dalhousie Review 82:1 (Spring 2002): 153-170.
  • “Some Philosophical Reflections on the Coming of the Antichrist,” Sophia 39 (Oct/Nov 2000): 79-103.
  • “Realism, Conventionalism, and William of Ockham,” Proceedings of the World Congress in Philosophy II (August 1999): 207-216.
  • “Later Medieval Nominalism and the Politics of Supposition,” Eidos XIV (January 1999): 29-50.
  • “There’s No Such Thing as Heresy and It’s a Good Thing, Too: William of Ockham on Freedom of Speech,” Journal of Political Philosophy (March 1998): 41‑52.
  • “Against a Straussian Interpretation of Marsilius of Padua’s Poverty Thesis,” History of Philosophy Quarterly (July 1994): 269‑280.

Current Projects

  • “Evolution and Existentialism,” paper for a symposium in honor of the 200th Birthday of Charles Darwin and the 150th Anniversary of the publication of “Origins of Species” at San Diego State University 20-22 November 2009
  • “Using Second Life to Teach Social Justice” paper for the national Jesuit Justice Conference at Fairfield University June 8-21, 2009
  • The Onion and Philosophy, editor, (Opencourt Press, forthcoming 2009)
  • Critical Thinking (Oneworld Press, forthcoming 2009)
  • <Title Withheld> Book Two, The Aristotle Quest: A Dana McCarter Trilogy (Parmenides Publishing, forthcoming 2009)
  • “Lust, Sport, and the Will to Win” (under review with the Journal of Sexuality and Culture)
  • Touch and Transcendence:  An Empirical Study of the Effects of Massage Therapy on Attitudes toward Spirituality (under review with the Center for Theology and Science)
  • “Political Pessimism in Christian Thought” (part of a project under review for an NEH grant)

Book Reviews

  • Waiting for Antichrist, by Damian Thompson, Sophia 46 (2007): 93-94.
  • Passions in William Ockham’s Philosophical Psychology, by Vesa Hirvonen, Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:2 (2007): 330-332.
  • Expecting Armageddon, edited by Jon R. Stone, Sophia 43:1 (May-June, 2004): 56-8.
  • Paulus Venetus Logica Parva, edited by Alan R. Perreiah, in History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (2002): 304-306.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Augustine, edited by Eleonore Stump, in Philosophical Books 43:4 (2002): 300-301.

Philosophical Cartoons

  • “Last Words Cartoon” in The Philosophers’ Magazine 28 (2004): 95.
  • “The Modern-Day Buridan’s Ass” and “Descartes’ Matrix” in The Philosophers’ Magazine 25 (2004): 23, and 50.

Grants, Awards, and Honors

  • John Carroll University, Graduate School, Diversity Course Development Grant, 2006
  • American Philosophical Association Award for Excellence and Innovation in Philosophy Programs, 2006
  • John Carroll University, Grauel Faculty Fellowship, 2006
  • John Carroll University, Curtis W. Miles Faculty Award for Community Service, 2005
  • YWCA of Medina County First Place Overall Women 10K Run
  • Bellefaire JCB Biathlon Winner, 2005
  • John Carroll University, Summer Research Grant, 2004
  • John Carroll University, Institute of Catholic Studies, Course Development Grant, 2003
  • Bellefaire JCB Biathlon Winner, 2003
  • John Carroll University, Summer Research Grant, 2002
  • John Carroll University, Center for Excellence in Teaching, Summer Research Grant, 2000
  • John Carroll University, Summer Research Grant, 1999
  • Dalhousie University, Killam Supplemental Travel Grant, 1998
  • Dalhousie University, Killam Postdoctoral Fellowship, 1997‑1998
  • University of Toronto, Harcourt Brown Travel Fellowship, 1996
  • University of Toronto, Research Assistantship, Professor Wayne Sumner, 1995‑1997
  • University of Toronto, Martha Lyle Love Essay Award, 1996
  • University of Toronto, Open Fellowship, 1995-1996
  • University of Toronto, George Paxton Young Memorial Prize, 1995
  • University of Toronto, Descartes Project Research Assistantship, 1993‑1994
  • University of Toronto, Ontario Graduate Scholarship, 1994-1995
  • University of Toronto, International Student Differential Fee Waiver Scholarship, 1992-1995
  • University of Toronto, Open Fellowship, 1993-1994
  • University of Toronto, Simcoe Special Fellowship, 1992-1993
  • Phi Beta Kappa Key, 1992-present
  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society, 1990-present

University Courses Taught

  • Philosophy of Beauty and Art, Two-Thirds On-Line
  • Introduction to Philosophy On-Line – Syllabus
  • First Year Seminar – Social Justice in Second Life: Building a Utopia
  • Analytic Philosophy
  • First Year Seminar – The Body in Art, Science, and Literature
  • Philosophy of Education – Diversity
  • First Year Seminar – Science, Democracy, and Capitalism
  • Philosophy of Friendship
  • Topics in Metaphysics Seminar
  • First Year Seminar – Frontiers and Borders
  • Writing Intensive Philosophy of Education
  • Philosophy of Education
  • Writing Intensive Medieval Philosophy
  • Medieval Philosophy
  • Introduction to Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Formal Logic Tutorial Leader


Course Descriptions

PL 101:  Introduction to Philosophy

The unexamined life is not worth living.  This is what Socrates said in the fourth century B.C.  He set out to examine his life and in so doing he launched the tradition of Western Philosophy.  How do I know what is true?  Does God exist?  Do I have control over my fate?  How should I live?  These are some of the questions philosophers ask.  Anyone who takes time to think carefully about important issues can be considered a philosopher, but philosophy at its best is a discipline that requires training and practice.

In this course we will survey the central problem areas of philosophy through classic authors of the ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary periods.  Our goal will be two-fold: first, to learn how these authors thought through philosophical problems; second, to think them through for ourselves.  Our method will be to study the art of argumentation.  By the end of the course you should be able to identify arguments, analyze arguments, and construct arguments of your own.

PL 220:  Medieval Philosophy

This course surveys the central problem areas of medieval philosophy. Medieval philosophy developed in Europe and the Middle East after the dissolution of ancient philosophy and before the rise of modern philosophy. The authors we will be reading span the thousand years between 400 and 1400. Although most of our discussion will focus on Augustine, Aquinas, and Ockham, we will also see how other medieval thinkers contributed to the development of Western thought.
Our goal in this course will be two-fold: first, to learn how some of the most important minds in history thought through philosophical problems; second, to think them through for ourselves. Our method will be analytic. By the end of the course you should be able to identify arguments, evaluate them, and construct supporting and counter-arguments of your own.

PL 305:  Philosophy of Education
In this course we will survey the central problem areas of philosophy of education through classic and contemporary authors from the Western tradition. The main questions we will be considering are: Where does knowledge come from? What constitutes an educational authority? What is the value of learning? How should the school be structured? How should the teacher relate to the student? What should an educated person know? Our goal will be two-fold: first, to learn how our authors thought through such questions; second, to think them through for ourselves. Our method will be to study the art of argumentation. By the end of the course you should be able to identify arguments, analyze them, and construct arguments of your own.

PL 450: Topics in Metaphysics
This course examines three related problems in metaphysics: free will, time, and personal identity. The first problem concerns human choice. When we choose between two options, we feel as though each option is possible. Yet, there is good reason to believe this feeling is an illusion. Are human beings free or determined? The second problem concerns the nature of time. We feel as though time “passes.” But what does this mean and is it consistent with our other beliefs about the nature of reality? The third problem concerns personal identity over time. As we grow older we change in many ways while remaining the same person. How can we be both the same and not the same?

Our goal in this course will be two-fold: first, to learn how some of the best contemporary philosophers think through these problems; second, to think them through for ourselves. Our method will be analytic. By the end of the course you should be able to identify arguments, evaluate them, and construct supporting and counter-arguments of your own.