Degrees: Ph.D. and M.A., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; M.A. and B.A., The University of Oklahoma

Expertise: Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy

Teaching Experience
History of Ethics
Social and Political Philosophy
Business Ethics
Ethical Theory
Environmental Ethics
Introduction to Philosophy
Honors Colloquium: Environmental Ethics and the Economy
First-Year Seminar (various themes)


Historical Dictionary of Ethics.  Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2008.  (coauthored with Harry J. Gensler)

Ethics:  Contemporary Readings.  London: Routledge, 2004.  (coedited with Harry J. Gensler and James C. Swindal)

Refereed Journal Articles:
“Race and the Extra-Legal Punishment of Professional Athletes,” Sport in Society (forthcoming). (coauthored with Samuel V. Bruton, Donald F. Sacco, and Kori N. Armstrong)

“Why the Duty to Self-Censor Requires Social-Media Users to Maintain Their Own Privacy.”  Res Publica (forthcoming).

“Are African-American Athletes and Celebrities Obligated Not to Use the N-Word?”  Public Affairs Quarterly 32, no. 1 (2018): 21-43.

“An Emotional-Freedom Defense of Schadenfreude,” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18, no. 4 (2015): 767-784.

“Do Business Leaders Have Role-Model Obligations to be Good Political Actors?” Business and Society Review 120, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 277-301.

“Hey, How did I become a Role Model? Privacy and the Extent of Role-Model Obligations.”  Journal of Applied Philosophy 29, no. 2 (May 2012): 118-132.

“Can Businesses be too Good? Applying Susan Wolf’s ‘Moral Saints’ to Businesses.”  Business and Society Review 116, no. 3 (Autumn 2011): 355-373.

“Using the Internet Platform ‘Second Life’ to Teach Social Justice.”  Teaching Philosophy 34, no. 1 (March 2011): 17-32.  (coauthored with Sharon Kaye)

“Moral Judgments, Fantasies, and Virtual Worlds.”  International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23, no. 2 (Fall 2009): 271-284.

“Free Speech in the Workplace.”  Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 9, no. 1 (June 2007): 101-113.  (coauthored with Rob Macklin)

“What Was Wrong with Abercrombie & Fitch’s ‘Magalog’?”  Business and Society Review 111, no. 4 (Winter 2006): 387-408.

“The End of Romance and the Value of Privacy.”  Public Affairs Quarterly 20, no. 3 (July 2006): 247-265.

“Occupational Safety and Paternalism:  Machan Revisited.”  Journal of Business Ethics 63, no. 2 (January 2006): 155-173.

“Looking for Answers in All the Wrong Places.”  Business Ethics Quarterly 14, no. 2 (April 2004): 293-313.

“The Goals and Merits of a Business Ethics Competency Exam.”  Journal of Business Ethics 50, no. 3 (March 2004): 279-288.

“What’s Wrong with Computer-Generated Images of Perfection in Advertising?”  Journal of Business Ethics 45, no. 3 (July 2003): 257-268.

“The Problem with ‘Dead Peasants’ Insurance.”  Business & Professional Ethics Journal 22, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 19-36.

“Do Shareholders Have Obligations to Stakeholders?”  Journal of Business Ethics 33, no. 4 (October 2001): 287-297.

“What’s So Special About a Special Ethics for Business?”  Journal of Business Ethics 24, no. 4 (April 2000): 273-281.

“Hume, Broken Promises, and the Reactions of Promisees.”  Southwest Philosophy Review 12, no. 1 (January 1996): 21-31.

Selections in Books:
“Are Coaches Obligated to Serve as Good Role Models?” In Philosophy: Sport, ed. R. Scott Kretchmar, pp. 185-202. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2017.

“The Problem with ‘Dead Peasants’ Insurance.”  In Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics, ed. Joseph R. DesJardins and John J. McCall, 5th ed., 213-221.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2005.

“The History of Ethics.”  In Ethics:  Contemporary Readings, ed. Harry J. Gensler, Earl W. Spurgin, and James C. Swindal, 25-40.  London: Routledge, 2004.  (coauthored with James C. Swindal)

Review Articles:
“Unfettered or Tempered Capitalism?  How Best to Promote Virtuous Characters,” Business Ethics Quarterly 17, no. 3 (July 2007): 573-584.  (review of Deirdre N. McCloskey’s The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce)

“Review of Alfonso Gómez-Lobo’s Morality and the Human Goods:  An Introduction to Natural Law Ethics.”  Vera Lex 3, no. 1-2 (December 2002): 146-155.

Popular Articles:
“The Enron/Andersen Debacle:  Perspectives from the University,” John Carroll University Magazine 6, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 22-23.  (coauthored with Jerry Weinstein, Roland Madison, and Melinda Lasko)