The French and Francophone Studies program is designed to help students acquire knowledge of the languages, literatures, and cultures of France and Francophone countries. Through beginning, intermediate, and advanced language courses, students develop the skills to read, write, speak and understand French. Courses on the literatures and cultures of French-speaking communities in France and in other countries of Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, North and South America, as well as the French possessions in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, instill an appreciation of Francophone cultures in their diversity. Extra-curricular projects promote active engagement in cultural and linguistic exchanges. In keeping with the broader liberal arts mission of John Carroll University, the French section seeks to train students in the skills of both critical analysis and written and oral argument, skills that they can use in graduate schools or in their future professional and personal lives. All students are also strongly encouraged to study in a French-speaking country.