Here are the usual courses offered by the history department faculty. Some of these courses are taught yearly; others are taught on a two-year cycle. For courses taught in the current semester, see the course schedule at www.jcu.edu/registrar. For upcoming history courses with detailed descriptions and other information, see the “Historical Inquirer” page on this site.
Introductory History Courses
195-197. SPECIAL TOPICS 1-3 cr. Topics: 195: American; 196: European; 197: Asian, African, or Latin American. Speciﬁc title and number of credits announced in the semester course schedule. Directed readings or individual research by permission of chair.
201, 202. WORLD CIVILIZATION 3 cr. each. 201: earliest times to the sixteenth century; 202: sixteenth century to the present.
205. WOMEN IN ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME. 3 cr. Continuities and changes in the status and experiences of women in ancient Greece and Rome; examination of the relationship between democracy and gender and the lasting deﬁnitions of femininity that were developed out of these two particular cultural and historical contexts.
211, 212. HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES 3 cr. each. Survey of U.S. political, economic, social, and cultural history. Emphasizes diversity of the nation’s people and how subjective categories—particularly race and ethnicity, class, and gender—have inﬂuenced historical behavior and historical analysis. 211: through the post-Civil War era; 212: from the end of Reconstruction to the present.
216. THE SPANISH ARMADA 3 cr. Early modern European political and cultural world as seen through the lens of the clash between Spain and England in the later sixteenth century.
218. SAINTS AND SCOUNDRELS: THE JESUITS FROM RENAISSANCE TO REVOLUTION 3 cr. Spirituality, intellectual life, ministry, and political involvements of the Jesuits from their origins in the Renaissance to the present day as seen in a global and historical context.
220. REVOLUTIONARY EUROPE 3 cr. Transformation in European government, economy, society, and culture in the period of the French and Industrial Revolutions.
225. WORLD WAR I & MODERNITY 3 cr. Origins of World War I, with particular emphasis on social, political, economic, and strategic factors; the experience of modern industrial warfare in the trenches and in civilian society; the impact of technology on perceptions of warfare; radicalization of political sentiments among revolutionaries and supporters of continued conﬂict; the peace settlement and its legacy.
227. TWENTIETH-CENTURY GLOBAL HISTORY 3 cr. Introduction to the major themes of twentieth-century history that have shaped our contemporary world.
230. HUMAN RIGHTS 3 cr. Survey of thinking on human rights from antiquity to the present, with special attention to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other post-1945 developments. Case studies may vary, but will generally include such key human rights concerns as slavery, humanitarian intervention, refugees and displaced persons, post-conﬂict reconstruction, human trafficking, torture, and the death penalty.
231. PEACE BUILDING AFTER EMPIRE 3 cr. Employs approaches from the ﬁelds of history and literature to examine the impact empire-building and, subsequently, decolonization have had on societies that experienced (and, in some cases, continue to experience) sectarian conﬂict related to imperialism. Case studies might include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Northern Ireland, India, and Israel/Palestine.
235. AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY 3 cr. Overview of the black experience from its West African roots, through slavery, and ﬁnally to freedom in modern America. Focus on leaders, movements, community, and race relations.
236. NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY 3 cr. History of the indigenous peoples of North America from their initial contact with European invaders in the 17th century until their last major battles against the Euro-Americans on the western Plains in the late 19th century. Focuses on the impact of cultural and biological exchange between Europeans and Indians, assessing the dynamics of disease, trade, and military conﬂict.
237. HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN AMERICA 3 cr. Surveys the art and science of healing from the colonial period through the present. Focuses on the conception of the healing arts, the evolution of the hospital system, the shift to private insurance, the growth of scientiﬁc research, and the social implications of disease and treatment.
239. THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD 3 cr. Examines U.S. cultural and diplomatic relationships with the wider world from the colonial period through the present day. Topics include major traditions of U.S. foreign policy, the era through the contemporary period, and debates over the past and future status of the United States as an empire.
240. SPIRITUAL AWAKENINGS IN EARLY AMERICA 3 cr. Exploration of early American religious history, focusing on a time frame encompassing the two major religious revivals historians have referred to as the Great Awakening and the Second Great Awakening. Looks at spiritual birth and rebirth within various communities, including white evangelicals, Native Americans, enslaved AfricanAmericans, and the Mormons.
245. UNITED STATES FOREIGN RELATIONS 3 cr. Examines America’s diplomatic, economic, military, and cultural relationships with other nations, with emphasis placed on the period from 1895 through the present.
251. ATLANTIC WORLD TO 1700 3 cr. Examines the early history of European exploration of the Atlantic World. Shaped by new diseases, new plants and animals, new technologies, and new political conﬁgurations, the New World gave rise to new sets of identities, as people from Europe, Africa, and the Americas adapted to circumstances out of necessity.
253. THE OLD SOUTH 3 cr. Development of the slaveholding regions of the U.S. from the beginning of European contact through the end of the Civil War. Transplantation of European cultures in the New World, the evolution of a biracial society based on slavery, Southern distinctiveness, and the origins of the Civil War.
257. U.S. MILITARY HISTORY 3 cr. Overview of the development of the American armed forces and their role in society. The place of war in U.S. history; professionalization of the military; analysis of battleﬁeld experience.
258. SPORTS IN AMERICAN SOCIETY 3 cr. History of sports in America seen both as product and shaper of the surrounding society and culture. Topics examined include relationships between sports and urbanization, economic development, race, and gender.
259. WOMEN IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD 3 cr. Twentieth-century women’s history from a global perspective focusing on women’s political activism and involvement in movements for social change. Explores signiﬁcance of gender, the body, and sexuality in the lives of women worldwide.
260. CHILDHOOD IN AMERICAN HISTORY 3 cr. Explores the history of childhood in America, highlighting its variability across time and cultural groups. Considers conceptualizations of childhood such as Puritan notions of “miniature adulthood,” Lockean concepts of “tabula rasa,” and modern concerns about “adultiﬁcation.” Also, how and why the length and stages of childhood have shortened and lengthened in the American past.
262. SEXUALITY IN AMERICA 3 cr. Surveys the history of American sexuality and gender from the colonial era to the present. Cross-cultural encounters, male-female sexual politics, and changing conceptions of homosexual and heterosexual identities. Expectations for sexual and gender comportment have varied across time and region.
264. WORLD WAR TWO 3 cr. Examines the causes, conduct, and consequences of the Second World War from a global perspective. In addition to the general study of land and naval operations and tactics, special attention will be given to the war’s impact on civilian populations, the lot of the common soldier, generalship, unrestricted submarine warfare, and strategic bombing offensives.
265. VIETNAM WAR 3 cr. Examines the origins, conduct, and consequences of the American phase of the Vietnam War. The period 1945-1975 will be viewed from the perspective of the U.S., the North Vietnamese, and the South Vietnamese. The course poses a question that still puzzles and even haunts many people today. “How did the United States win every major battle in and over Vietnam and yet lose the war?”
267. HISTORY OF THE CARIBBEAN. Examines the evolving contest for power in the Caribbean Basin. Conquest of the Caribbean basin by the colonial European powers, hierarchies of race and class, resistance to colonial masters, dismantling of major European New World empires by piracy, slave rebellion, and other insurgencies.
270. INTRODUCTION TO LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE 3 cr. Surveys the main topics of Latin American history down to the present, emphasizing native peoples, gender roles, military dictatorships, and human rights.
271. WORLD GEOGRAPHY 3 cr. Thorough review of place geography; relationships between humans and the physical environment, including climate, soils, resources, and landforms. Analysis of regional areas. Does not offer Division II core credit.
273. COLONIAL LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY 3 cr. Colonial period in Latin America (to 1810). Focuses on the impact of the European conquest over the native groups, the effects of conversion to Catholicism, and subsequent changes in gender roles.
274. MODERN LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY 3 cr. Main issues involved in the making of modern Latin America (1810 to present). Identity formation processes, military history, gender problems, and human rights topics.
275. LATIN AMERICAN DICTATORSHIPS: GLOBALIZATION, U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, AND HUMAN RIGHTS 3 cr. Introduction to military-run regimes in Latin America as a way to understand the global inﬂuences at work in the area. The impact of dictatorships on human rights, as well as of the multi-layered responses by civil societies to cope with state-run terrorism. Impact of U.S. foreign policy in Latin America.
277. THE EMPIRE OF PAPER: THE SPANISH COLONIAL EXPERIENCE THROUGH LITERARY SOURCES. 3 cr. Explores Spanish colonialism (15001800) in Latin America and Asia using literary texts as primary sources. Discusses issues of (self) representation, dominance, hegemony, and identity/ethnicity construction.
279. PRE-MODERN EAST ASIAN HISTORY 3 cr. China, Japan, and Korea from their pre-historic origins to the mid-nineteenth century. The contribution of their cultural foundations and traditions to modernization and the impact of their historical development on contemporary events.
280. MODERN EAST ASIAN HISTORY 3 cr. Impact of imperialism, revolution, and war from the mid-nineteenth century to the present on East Asian modernization and globalization; focus on China, Japan, and Korea.
281. CONTEMPORARY EAST ASIAN HISTORY 3 cr. The political, social, economic, cultural, and foreign relations of China, Japan, and Korea since 1945.
283. JAPANESE POPULAR CULTURE 3 cr. Focuses on the culture of ordinary Japanese—their interests, lifestyles, consumption, activities—rather than those of the elites. Covers the period from the 17th-century Tokugawa Era to present day.
285. AFRICAN HISTORY THROUGH AUTOBIOGRAPHY 3 cr. Introduction to the study of modern African history through the lives of both ordinary people and national ﬁgures. Examines autobiographical writing as a means for understanding the political, cultural, social, and economic contours of life in several post-colonial African nations.
295-297. SPECIAL TOPICS 1-3 cr. Topics: 295: American; 296: European; 297: Asian, African, or Latin American. Speciﬁc title and number of credits announced in the semester course schedule. Directed readings or individual research by permission of chair.
Advanced History Courses
300. HISTORICAL METHODS 3 cr. Exploration of history as a way of knowing and communicating the past; historiography, research, and writing methodology; developing a historical perspective.
301. TOPICS IN ANCIENT GREEK HISTORY 3 cr. Introduction to Greek history through consideration of primary sources (e.g., historical documents, material culture, or literary texts). Topics may focus on a period or theme in Greek history between the Bronze Age and the incorporation into the Roman empire.
302. TOPICS IN ROMAN HISTORY 3 cr. Introduction to Roman history through consideration of primary sources (e.g., historical documents, material culture, or literary texts). Topics may focus on a period or theme from the Roman Republic and/or Empire.
305. ROME: CITY OF EMPERORS, POPES, AND SAINTS 3 cr. History and culture of the city of Rome from the classical and imperial age to the sixteenth century. Focus on the institutions and historical ﬁgures that have been prominent in the shaping of the city and its history. Highlighted by a one-week, on-site learning tour of Rome during spring break.
307. HISTORY OF THE POPES 3 cr. Examines the history of the popes, and the papacy as an institution, from the origins of Christianity in Rome in the ﬁrst century to the present. Major topics include the growth of papal power both theological and administrative in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, the impact of the Reformation on papal power, and the challenge of political and scientiﬁc modernity to the papacy.
310. WOMEN IN EUROPE SINCE 1500 3 cr. Examination of the legal, economic, domestic, and ideological status of women in the early modern period and the impact of the Reformation, Enlightenment, French and Industrial Revolutions, and world wars on women, as well as women’s contributions to these events.
326. TWENTIETH-CENTURY EUROPE 3 cr. Political, social, and economic developments from approximately 1900 to the post-9/11 era. Emphasis on the impact of the world wars, right and left radical regimes, the Cold War, and European attempts at unity and self-determination.
330. IMPERIALISM AND DECOLONIZATION 3 cr. Examines motivations and justiﬁcations for European expansion into Asia and Africa during 19th and 20th centuries, and strategies for accommodation and resistance—and ultimately revolution—developed by newly colonized people. Focuses primarily on Britain and France as imperial powers, and China, India, and parts of Africa as sites where local people ultimately asserted their independence.
332. BERLIN: FROM REICH TO REPUBLIC 3 cr. German history and politics from 1918 to the present, employing Berlin as the focal point for signiﬁcant developments. The interwar republic and the rise of the Nazis; the Third Reich; postwar occupation and Cold War division; political systems and society in East and West Germany; Berlin as capital of a reuniﬁed Germany in an increasingly integrated Europe. Culminates in a week-long study tour in Berlin during spring break.
333. HISTORY ON FILM 3 cr. Cinematic recreations of the past and ways of assessing them, especially as compared with written history; dramatic features and documentaries as historical sources that reﬂect their eras of origin.
336. THE HOLOCAUST 3 cr. Racism and anti-Semitism in modern Europe; Nazi propaganda and legal measures against German Jews in 1930s; transition from discrimination to Europe-wide genocide during Second World War; experiences of victims and perpetrators; postwar Holocaust denial; impact of the Holocaust on memory in Germany, the U.S., and elsewhere since 1945.
343. SLAVERY AND ABOLITION 3 cr. Development of African slavery in the Western hemisphere in the early modern period. Themes include the African background, the European origins of chattel slavery, the development of racism, labor, resistance, community life, religion, and the abolition movement.
371. OUR UNRULY DAUGHTERS: WOMEN AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN EARLY MODERN SPAIN AND LATIN AMERICA 3 cr. Focuses on the relationship between women and the Catholic Church in colonial Latin America. Includes women who found an intellectual shelter in the Church, as well as those in trouble with the Inquisition because of religious deviance.
381. JAPANESE HISTORY 3 cr. Development of Japanese culture, society, politics, and economics from prehistory to modern times.
382. CHINESE HISTORY 3 cr. Social, political, economic, and cultural development of China from earliest to modern times.
395-397. SPECIAL TOPICS 1-3 cr. Topics: 395: American; 396: European; 397: Asian, African, or Latin American. Speciﬁc title and number of credits announced in the semester course schedule. Directed readings or individual research by permission of chair.
411. RENAISSANCE EUROPE 3 cr. Political, intellectual, and cultural developments in Renaissance Italy. The movement of Renaissance culture into Northern Europe, emphasizing the continuity and differences with the Italian Renaissance.
412. REFORMATION EUROPE 3 cr. Breakup of the unity of Christendom. Emphasis on the major Protestant reform movements (Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglicanism) and the Catholic Reformation.
414. THE CATHOLIC EXPERIENCE 3 cr. The capstone course for the minor in Catholic Studies. Requires students to examine major issues in the Catholic intellectual traditions in a historically critical way. An issue underlying all other issues in the course is the development of doctrine. Open to students enrolled in the Catholic Studies minor.
416. EARLY MODERN ENGLAND 3 cr. Political, social, economic, religious, and cultural development of England from the War of the Roses through the Glorious Revolution.
417. FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 3 cr. Eighteenth-century society and culture; liberal and radical revolutions; impact on Europe and the world.
432. AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY ERA 3 cr. The Revolution as a colonial war for independence and as a struggle for reform within America. Examines achievement of these goals as a new nation created.
438. THE CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 3 cr. Social and political origins of the Civil War in the Old North and Old South, the secession crisis, military strategy, soldiers’ lives, leadership, the home front, women’s experiences, emancipation, and political and social reconstruction.
440. UNITED STATES SINCE 1945 3 cr. Signiﬁcant events and trends of the postWorld War II period. Origins of the Cold War, McCarthyism, the civil rights and women’s movements, the Vietnam War, and recent developments in foreign and domestic policies.
441. AMERICA IN THE 1960s 3 cr. Attempts to make sense of the most polarizing and turbulent decade of the twentieth century, including its major issues and events—the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, the New Left, the resurgence of conservatism, and urban unrest.
444. UNITED STATES CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY 3 cr. Development of the American constitutional system and interaction with other strands of the nation’s history, including political, social, economic, and religious. Focuses on decisions of the Supreme Court.
452. MODERN JAPANESE HISTORY 3 cr. Japan’s rise as a world power, from the late Tokugawa Era (nineteenth century) to its postwar comeback. (HS 280 or 381 suggested as preparation, but not required.)
464. GENOCIDE AND WAR CRIMES 3 cr. Examines the period WW I to the present. Close study of the evolution of international understanding of genocide, crimes against humanity, and human rights violations through selected case studies. Focus on social, political, economic, and cultural factors in the perpetration of atrocities. Development of human-rights protections and adjudication; explores potential for reconciliation.
473. NAZI GERMANY: ORIGINS, STRUCTURES, CONSEQUENCES 3 cr. Turbulent German circumstances resulting from the Revolutions of 191819, the rise of the Nazi Party, establishment of the Nazi state, and the politics of race and genocide. Examines ways that postwar historians have approached the rise of National Socialism and the controversy over the singularity of Nazi crimes against humanity.
476. IN THE NAME OF THE INCAS: FROM IMPERIAL SPLENDOR TO COLONIAL COLLAPSE AND MESSIANIC RETURNS 3 cr. Incas’ imperial splendor and subsequent collapse as a result of the Spanish conquest. The role of the Incas as a utopian model of social organization among the native peoples of the Andean region.
477. CHE GUEVARA: THE MAN, THE ICON, HIS TIMES 3 cr. The life and accomplishments of Ernesto “Che” Guevara in the context of Cold War U.S. and Latin American foreign relations, colonialism, and social justice ideals.
488. RUSSIA IN REVOLUTION, 1900 TO THE PRESENT 3 cr. Russia’s turbulent history since 1900. Fall of tsarism, Bolshevik seizure of power and creation of the Soviet Union, Leninism and Stalinism, Second World War and Cold War, Gorbachev’s reforms, collapse of the USSR, and postSoviet developments.
490. SENIOR SEMINAR 3 cr. Prerequisites: HS 300 and ﬁve additional courses in the major. The culminating experience of the history major, requiring students to demonstrate historical skills through common readings, class discussion, and written assignments. Fulﬁlls the additional writing requirement in the major (AW) mandated by the University’s Integrative Core Curriculum.
491. SENIOR THESIS 3 cr. Prerequisites: HS 300, ﬁve additional courses in the major, and permission of chair. Individual research project developed and written in consultation with appropriate department member. Typically restricted to students with a 3.5 GPA overall. Especially recommended for students pursuing graduate study in history. Fulﬁlls the additional writing requirement in the major (AW) mandated by the University’s Integrated Core Curriculum.
495-497. SPECIAL TOPICS 13 cr. Topics: 495: American; 496: European; 497: Asian, African, or Latin American. Speciﬁc title and number of credits announced in the semester course schedule.
498. INTERNSHIP 1-6 cr. Prerequisites: 2.7 average in history courses and permission of chair; open to majors only. No more than 3 credits may be applied to the major. Supervised work, typically in museums, archives, public history sites or agencies, relevant to major sequence of study. Journal and reﬂective paper required in addition to work responsibilities. Internships must be planned in advance with supervising faculty member.
499. INDEPENDENT STUDY 1-3 cr. Prerequisites: permission of project advisor and department chair. Directed reading or individual research.