A Celebration of Scholarship

2014 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Tuesday Sessions | Wednesday Sessions | Thursday Sessions

LD: Lunch Discussion: The Benefits of Incorporating Service Learning into Curriculum
Moderator: Liz Deegan, Center for Service & Social Action
MON 12:00-1:00 Dolan Science Center, A202/203

Presenters: Dr. Tracy Masterson, Psychology; Dr. Malia McAndrew, History

Service learning has been shown to enhance student learning in the classroom by providing students with opportunities to apply academic concepts to real-world settings. In addition to promoting academic learning goals, students are afforded the opportunity to help others in need and broaden their exposure to populations and settings that differ from their own life experiences. Research suggests that students benefit most from service learning experiences when encouraged to reflect on their experiences, thus students were required to maintain a service learning journal to document their experiences and incorporate their entries with class material. This panel will highlight ways in which service learning can be successfully incorporated into academic courses.

PANEL A: Honors Panel 1/4
Dr. Angie Jones, Psychology and Dr. Julia Karolle Berg, Honors Program
TUE 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202 

A.1 Policy Analysis Of The Recent Concussion Lawsuits Filed Against The National Football League (NFL)
Jarrod A. Kilburn, Undergraduate; Dr. Mindy Peden, Political Science (Advisor)
This note will explore a number of elements surrounding the concussion lawsuits filed against the NFL and its subsequent settlement.  In part one, I will explore in-depth what exactly a concussion is, what the proper treatment of one should be, and provide narratives of current and former players who both suffered and have been permanently affected by the side effects of concussions.  In part two, I will look at the lawsuit itself, providing details about it in chronological order as a means to educate the reader properly.  The reason for this is that while I believe most people know that a lawsuit had been filed against the NFL, they do not know exactly why it was.  In part three, I will look at the intended consequences of the lawsuit and what changes, if any, they were meant to bring about.  In part four, I will perform a qualitative  policy analysis of the lawsuit and its settlement by looking at the various dimensions it encompasses, such as economic, ethical, medical, and legal.  In my analysis, I will also look at both the future of the game at the professional level and the league, in addition to the possibility of the case setting any legal precedent that could be used in the future.  Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

A.2 Are Professional Sports Leagues Recession Proof (NHL, MLB, NFL)?
Genny Goergen, Undergraduate; Dr. Thomas Zlatoper, Economics & Finance (Advisor)
In the U.S., there is a strong passion for professional baseball, football, and, increasingly hockey.  An interesting issue is whether this passion diminished during the recession of 2007-2009, the worst since the Great Depression, or remained the same.  This study investigates the impact of economic downturns on the professional sports industry.  In particular, it examines whether the National Football League, National Hockey League, and Major League Baseball are recession proof (i.e. minimally impacted by recessions).  Using regression analysis, this study explores the effect of recession and other factors on attendance and league revenue for the NFL, NHL, and MLB from 1990 to 2012.  While much research has been done concerning whether other industries are recession-proof, not much information exists discussing whether the sports industry is recession proof. Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

A.3 Catalonia: The Quest for Independence
Anastazia Marinzel, Undergraduate; Dr. Larry Cima, Economics & Finance (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement. 

A.4 Fitzgerald’s Greatest Lie
Sean Kirby, Undergraduate; Dr. David LaGuardia, English (Advisor)
“Can’t repeat the past? Why, of course you can!” Jay Gatsby, the protagonist of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, said this to bolster his hopes that he could recapture Daisy Buchanan, his former love. However, some of Fitzgerald’s critics argue that the author himself stays stuck in the past and writes from his own limited world view. I intend to review Fitzgerald’s works chronologically and use them to present evidence that Fitzgerald grew as an author over time. Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.


PANEL B: Teaching College Writing at the First-Year Level: Reflecting on the Past, Addressing the Present, Looking Toward the Future Panel 1/2
Moderator: Dr. Tom Pace, English & First Year Writing
TUE 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

While many in the academy assume the teaching of first-year writing revolves around (or should revolve around) intense instruction in grammar, usage, and correctness to prepare students to write for multiple academic purposes, studies in rhetoric and composition over the last decades has shown that teaching students from multiple backgrounds to write is far more complex and varied than just introducing them to grammar skill and drill exercises.  Rather, rhetoric and composition studies explores numerous theories and practices that impact the way students acquire literacy skills and how teachers and universities instruct these students including, but not limited to, the history of rhetoric and education, theories of composing and literacy acquisition, the rhetorics of writing, the coordination and assessment of writing programs, and curriculum development.  As a result, rhetoric and composition specialists are continually reflecting on their theories and practices, rethinking old debates, and looking to the future.  These two panels examine some of these multiple concerns. The presenters, graduate students in the department of English, most of whom teach EN 111 and EN 112 at John Carroll, will investigate current trends in rhetoric and composition studies, examine past issues, and examine the future of literacy instruction in the college writing classroom.

 B.1: Stop the Clock: Addressing Notions about Writing as Product in First Year Composition
Katie Ours, Graduate Student, English
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor and Director of First-Year Writing
The writing situations required of students in a first-year composition classroom differ greatly from their previous writing experiences. More specifically, definitions of writing derived from standard writing tests, placement exams, or any other timed essay tests many times complicate the portfolio work in first-year composition. Students’ previous writing experiences specifically standardized tests and placement tests value form over content, one draft writing, little room for revision, as well as little time to prewrite or reassess their writing, thus making revision in portfolio work hard for the students. This paper argues that the diagnostic essay in first year composition effectively bridges the gap between these two definitions of writing if composition teachers allow students time to reflect on this essay in terms of portfolio assessment. Ultimately, my presentation calls for an expanded definition and role of diagnostic essays in first-year composition classrooms.

B.2: Joining the Conversation – Demystifying Academic Discourse in First-Year Composition
Darcy Egan, Graduate Student, English
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor and Director of First-year Writing
From a first-year student perspective, the academy practices both inclusivity and exclusivity; the academy welcomes students, but then denies them entry because they lack the necessary familiarity with the conventions of that discourse community. Many educators cite mistakes as a deficiency in student writers, rather than acknowledge the intelligence of these mistakes. These “intelligent mistakes” often indicate a student’s desire to take risks, to step outside of known methods of communication and try on the role of the academic writer. In this paper, I will challenge the link between student mistakes and cognitive deficiency, and examine the nature of risk-taking and academic appropriation in student writing. Building on this analysis, I will propose a first-year composition pedagogy citing texts such as They Say/ I Say as an example of a merger between demystification and risk-taking, as the templates allow students a guide to play with academic language.

B.3: Critical Mass: Defining Audience in Digital Writing
Renee F. Berkheimer, Graduate Student, English
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor of English and Director of First-Year Writing
Rhetoric scholar James Porter has argued that it is at certain historical moments of “rupture” that the meaning of audience shifts; the rise of the digital age of rhetoric is certainly one of those historical moments that calls for a renovation of the current notions of audience in first-year writing instruction. In this presentation, I argue that writing teachers should integrate theories of rhetoric with theories of digital writing or technology. In making this argument, I use a binary definition of “critical mass” to frame my discussion of a dual digital audience, and begin by modernizing the concept of the “universal” audience for the digital age. I then examine the “limited” audience, a concept that is more exclusive to digital rhetoric. Finally, I provide a practical approach to thinking about this theory of digital audience, or pragmatic considerations of how this concept of digital audience may be introduced to students.

Panel C: Individual Presentations
TUE 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room

C.1 A Papal Book in Special Collections: The MISSALE ROMANUM
Dr. Charles Zarobila, Grasselli Library
On March 13, 2013, Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected pope and took the name of Pope Francis.  Pope Francis is the first Jesuit pope. On this occasion, the Curator of Special Collections at the Grasselli Library thought that it was appropriate to highlight a book in the collection that had a papal association. This presentation will examine such a book.  The book is the MISSALE ROMANUM promulgated by Pope Pius V in 1571 and published in Antwerp by the Renaissance printer Christopher Plantin.  This presentation will describe this notable book and discuss its place in church and book history.

C.2 An Intergenerational Choir Formed to lessen Alzheimer’s disease stigma in college students
Penny Harris, Ph.D., Sociology & Criminology Cynthia Caporella, Ph.D., Liturgical Music and Musical Arts
This intergenerational choir was formed for the purpose of combating the stigma of Alzheimer’s disease in college students, and in that process also lessening the social isolation of people with AD and their family members. The choir was composed of 13 college students and 13 people with AD and a family member. Data from the college students were gathered through semi-structured open-ended questions on attitudes and knowledge about AD, collected at three points in time over 8 weeks of rehearsals. Data were collected from the people with AD and their family members through a focus group and observations over 8 weeks of rehearsals. Results show a decrease in social isolation for the older choir members, and for the college students: a decrease in negative attitudes, an increase in positive attitudes and themes of – recognizing capabilities, expanded understanding of AD, reduced stigma, and reduced social discomfort.

C.3  Does Greek Life Affect Academic Performance?
Haley Manuel, Undergraduate; Dr. Andrew Welki, Economics and Finance
This paper is a study of students’ academic performance and its relation to membership in Greek life. This study attempts to determine whether or not membership in Greek organizations has a positive or negative effect on students’ GPA. I chose to study this topic because of my personal involvement in Greek life at John Carroll. I surveyed 272 John Carroll students using Qualtrics software. The results of the study were analyzed using the Data Analysis package in Microsoft Excel. The variables that were statistically significant include High School GPA, Hours Dedicated to Schoolwork, and the Greek variable.  Overall, the study presented interesting yet contradictory conclusions, leading to inconclusive evidence regarding Greek life and its relationship to students’ academic performance.

D: Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Panel 1/4
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
TUE 3:30-4:45 p.m.  Dolan Science Center, A202
Presenters: Martin Dober, Margaet Fay, Ashley Klein, Kayla Shelley, Undergraduates


E: Teaching College Writing at the First-Year Level: Reflecting on the Past, Addressing the Present, Looking Toward the Future Panel 2/2
Moderator: Dr. Tom Pace, English & First Year Writing
TUE 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

While many in the academy assume the teaching of first-year writing revolves around (or should revolve around) intense instruction in grammar, usage, and correctness to prepare students to write for multiple academic purposes, studies in rhetoric and composition over the last decades has shown that teaching students from multiple backgrounds to write is far more complex and varied than just introducing them to grammar skill and drill exercises.  Rather, rhetoric and composition studies explores numerous theories and practices that impact the way students acquire literacy skills and how teachers and universities instruct these students including, but not limited to, the history of rhetoric and education, theories of composing and literacy acquisition, the rhetorics of writing, the coordination and assessment of writing programs, and curriculum development.  As a result, rhetoric and composition specialists are continually reflecting on their theories and practices, rethinking old debates, and looking to the future.  These two panels examine some of these multiple concerns. The presenters, graduate students in the department of English, most of whom teach EN 111 and EN 112 at John Carroll, will investigate current trends in rhetoric and composition studies, examine past issues, and examine the future of literacy instruction in the college writing classroom.

E.1: The Case for Using Literature in the First Year Writing Classroom
Lila Ibrahim, English Graduate Assistant
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor of English and Director of First-Year Writing
Disagreement in the field of composition studies arises over what should be taught in FYC. While most instructors agree on the goal of producing stronger writers in FYC courses, the disagreement often lies in what type of material students should read in such a course.  One such disagreement occurs over the role of literature in these classrooms. Some in the field are skeptical that teaching literature only in composition classrooms can produce students able to write in other disciplines, not just in English. My paper responds to this debate and argues that since no universal academic discourse exists, focusing on literature in first-year writing courses can actually lead students to become strong writers.  In doing so, this paper also provides examples of how literature can be used in FYC without shifting the focus from writing.

E.2: Invention Intervention: Giving Power to Student Writers
Erin Kelley, Graduate Student, English
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor of English and Director of First-Year Writing
Most first-year college students learning how to write and negotiate multiple academic discourses are typically tempted to focus solely on outside voices from their research because these sources come across as more authoritative than their own.  As a result, many students devalue or even dismiss their own voice. Using theories of feminist rhetoric, this presentation argues that students should be encouraged to explore the differences between various academic voices and student voices so that student writers are empowered  by the differences that make their voices distinct.  Teaching first-year writing students about the power structures in most academic discourse conventions can lead student writers to realize the power of their own voices within these larger contexts and help them develop their individual voices so that they are unique, not just a mundane collection of other voices.  In doing so, I show how encouraging students to examine different constructions of knowledge in the first-year classroom teaches them how to evaluate arguments of others and to develop their own specific ideas in the context of those ideas, thus empowering them to assess critically their writing processes throughout their college careers.

E.3: Stylin’: Style in a Technologically-Driven World
Elizabeth Wells, Graduate Student, English
Dr. Thomas Pace, Associate Professor and Director of First-Year Writing
This presentation argues that digital style is an evolution of traditional academic style. Connections are made between revision on paper and revision online. The presentation begins with an examination of the definition of “writing” and what is considered writing in today’s technological world. The functions of digital style are explored, including clarity and functionality, and style checkers are examined as part of the revision process. Clarity is key to both traditional and digital style, and can be achieved when certain guidelines are followed in composition. Function and ease of use concerns audience; in print style, function revolves around the rhetorical triangle of author-text-audience, and while the same rhetorical method is used for digital style, the user or audience takes on more importance. Increased focus on audience results from the possibility of a broad and unknown audience for the work. The conclusion calls for more extensive research into digital style.


F: Theology & Religious Studies Senior Theses Panel
TUE 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room
Moderator: Dr. Sheila McGinn, Theology & Religious Studies

F.1: Exploring Spirituality in the Nonprofit World
McKenzae Bartels, Undergraduate

F.2: The Impact of Liberation Theology in El Salvador
Keri Grove, Undergraduate

F.3: Can Atheists Be Saved? Theological Responses from Karl Rahner, SJ, and Pope Francis I
Margaret Hutchison, Undergraduate

F.4: African-American Women and the Pulpit
Stephanie Paulk, Undergraduate

F.5: The Gospel According to Jefferson: How Thomas Jefferson Sought to Harmonize Deism and Christology
Bruce Wilson, Undergraduate


G: Program Evaluation of the Circle North Community Development Project for the Famicos Foundation Panel
Moderator: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
TUE 5-6:15 p.m.  Dolan Science Center, A202

Panelists: Elise Baldarelli, Maris Howell, Claire Gregga, Josh DePaul, Miguel Sanchez, Kayla Shelley, Mary Gleason, Julie Nagy, Chelsea Robertson, Whtiney Fung, Jade Clay, Sarah Novak

In fall 2013, an advanced sociology class on poverty and welfare at John Carroll University (JCU) conducted a community survey in the Circle North Area of Cleveland, Ohio for the Famicos Foundation. The focus of the survey was to assess community stabilization, enhancement, and involvement, since Famicos became more involved in a three block area in this community. The evaluation was conducted by 3 student research teams, which involved 13 individual qualitative and qualitative interviews with community residents. The results showed increased community enhancements from cleaner streets, to fixed-up houses, to a new community park, which has led to a safer community, residents being more motivated to keep their houses in good condition, and residents having more positive feelings about their neighborhood, with a growing sense of pride in their community. This, with the residents increased engagement and involvement, has developed into a community re-building effort.


H: The Carroll Ballers Panel Discussion
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
TUE 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

Presenters: Edward Barnes, Michael Gong, Regan Sweeney, Jordan Combs, David Hendrickson, Undergraduate Students; Demetrious Rose, Program Participant; Dr. Margaret Finucane, Director of the Center for Service and Social Action

The Carroll Ballers is an innovative mentoring program that aims to reduce the rate of recidivism in the Cuyahoga County Juvenile Justice System. The game of basketball encourages healthy competition while the relevant curriculum provides an opportunity for meaningful discussion and growth. Youth at the detention center come from all over Cleveland, are vastly underserved and often overlooked by many agencies and programs. Participants from John Carroll work to bring out the best character in every individual in the program. Students involved in the program come from a variety of disciplines including criminology, psychology, business, and the sciences. The program has expanded over five-fold since its inception in 2012. Funding has been obtained from The Arrupe Scholars Program, the Church of the Gesu, and a number of private donors.


I: PANEL: An Update on Prevention: What Works?
Moderator:  Dr. Nancy Taylor, Education & Allied Studies
TUE 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room

I.1:  An Update on Prevention
Dr. Nancy P. Taylor, PCC-S, Education & Allied Studies

I.2: Group Counseling for Children of Alcoholics in Grades 4 through 6
Christopher Petitti, Graduate Student

I.3: Group Counseling for Managing Stress and Anxiety
Len Spacek, Graduate Student

I.4: Chemical Dependency Prevention Strategies for the LGBT Community 
Michelle Reynolds, Graduate Student

Wednesday Sessions

J: Honors Panel 2/4
Moderators: Drs. Angie Jones, Psychology and Julia Karolle-Berg, Honors Program
WED 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202

J.1 Cystic Fibrosis Impact on Cellular Function
Preeti Rao, Undergraduate; Dr. Tracey Bonfield, Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University; Dr. Michael Martin, Biology
The following proposal is for an independent research project (HP450) and fulfillment of a senior honors project to be completed during Spring 2014. This literature review will be written under the supervision of Dr. Tracey Bonfield (Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University), and will also be supervised by Dr. Michael Martin (Department of Biology, John Carroll University) as the advisor for John Carroll University. Drs. Bonfield and Martin will supervise the preparation and presentation of the final written report and presentation. In this research, a literature review about Cystic Fibrosis and how it impacts cellular function will be written. The goal of the presentation will be to teach the audience about CF and mechanisms associated with CF outcomes. Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

J.2 I Am Muzungu
Julia Blanchard, Undergraduate; Dr. Philip Metres, English (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

J.3 European and United States Unemployment–What factors contribute to the differences?
Desiree N. Tercek, Undergraduate; Dr. Walter Simmons, Economics & Finance (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

J.4 The Effect of Tolerance of Ambiguity and the Familial Role of an Offender on Criminal Decision Making
*Kayla Acklin, Undergraduate; Dr. John Yost, Professor, Psychology
The effect of the gender, personality traits, attitude towards violence, and tolerance of ambiguity of an individual, as well as the offender’s familial role on the punishment, sentencing, and parole of an offender was examined. College students were asked to read one of two criminal scenarios: with the offender being the sole caretaker for her family, or with another caretaker present, and then punish, sentence, and determine parole of the offender in the scenarios based on the crime presented. Offenders who were the sole caretakers of their family received less harsh punishments and sentences than offenders who had other caretakers present. They were also more likely to receive parole. Attitude towards violence and tolerance of ambiguity were not significant indicators of sentencing. Females and males differed in attitudes towards violence of war with males being more favorable to violence in war. However, males and females did not differ in sentencing. These findings suggest that being a sole caretaker decreases an offender’s sentence. However, future research needs to be conducted on a more diverse sample to determine the effects of gender, authoritarian views, and one’s attitude towards violence.  Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.


K:  Social Science Research Panel
Moderator: Dr. Richard Clark, Sociology & Criminology
WED 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

K.1: Women’s Empowerment & Economic Development
Rachael Greuber, Undergraduate
There is an evident correlation between female inequality and a nation’s economic status. A country must empower its women, promote equality, and integrate women into the labor force in order to prosper economically and escape their status as an impoverished nation. This paper will analyze the patriarchal world we live in by examining four case studies of countries where women have limited control over their lives. More specifically, I will be looking at Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, India, and The Democratic Republic of Congo, showing the economic struggle that has been a result of gender inequality. Referencing specific stories and studies used in Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn’s, “Half the Sky,” I will assert that economic inequality is frequently a result of gender discrimination. I will also use data from The World Bank, The CIA Factbook, and the Population Reference Bureau to investigate the current socioeconomic status of the four nations and how the countries could improve economically through greater gender equality. Finally, I will suggest gender inclusive solutions that will result in positive economic progress. Approaches for reform range from improving access to education, local grassroots initiatives, and political and public health development. Each of these would allow women better integration into the labor force, and thus the world. This integration would result in more economically stable nations, creating a stronger global market, and a higher quality of life worldwide.

K.2: The Syrian Refugee Crisis
Diana Naoum, Undergraduate
Nearly three years have passed and the war in Syria continues to claim the lives of more than 140,000 people.  Most recent figures approximate that there are more than 6.5 million internally displaced persons, 46% of them are children, and about 2.1 million Syrians have fled to neighboring countries and Europe. An end to this grave humanitarian crisis is nowhere in sight as the deadlock in the Geneva II peace talks offers very little hope for an immediate ceasefire and short-term solution. The human suffering of this war cannot be ignored when there is a rapidly growing death toll and large-scale displacement. The following paper provides a deeper understanding of the Syrian refugee crisis and of those refugees who have fled to the Zaatari camp in Jordan. This study will also examine the besieged Yaramouk refugee camp outside of central Damascus where more than 18, 000 people live in unimaginable desolation. Furthermore, this cross examination of refugee camps will give serious attention to the ramifications of displacement on women and children in times of conflict. Last but not least, this study puts forth credible recommendations by INGOs and experts that have been presented to rectify the refugee crisis on a global scale.

K.3: Climate Change Refugees: A Look at Our Future
Shannon Doyle, Undergraduate
Climate change is a slow process that can at times have sudden consequences through severe weather events. Both these events and the slow process result in forced migration of individuals affected, whether it is drought in Africa, flooding in Bangladesh, or a hurricane in the Philippines. Climate change is proven to be exacerbated by human actions, primarily through the release of greenhouse gases from the burning of fossil fuels. The atmosphere in which these gasses are released is part of the global commons and pollution in the atmosphere has not boarders. While it is the industrialized nations who have been the greatest contributors to global warming pollution it has often been the world’s poor in developing nations, regardless of contributing the least to global warming pollution, who suffer the greatest consequences. In the case of Tuvalu, an island slowly sinking into the sea, a never before question arises as to whether a nation can still exist if it has no physical location, and if it no longer existed would what would the status of its people be in the international community? There is a void in international law where climate refugees are concerned and it needs to be addressed with the development of a new refugee status.

K.4: The Efficacy of Probation as a Criminal Sanction
Dylan O’Donnell, Undergraduate
Based upon an internship with the U.S. Department of Probation, I have become interested in the efficacy of criminal sanctions, particularly probation.   In particular I will be exploring the various methodologies needed to assess the effectiveness of probation as it relates to other types of criminal sanctions.  This research is particularly timely as massive overcrowding of the U.S. prison system is causing correctional officials to rethink the use of prisons as a viable criminal sanction.

L: Incorporating Creativity/Entrepreneurship into the Arts and Sciences Panel
Moderator: Dr. Jacqueline Schmidt, Communication & Theatre Arts
WED 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room

Panelists: Dr. Malia McAndrews, History; Jennifer Catellier, Communications & Theatre Arts; Dr. Doris Donnelly, Theology & Religious Studies; Dr. Elizabeth Stlies, Political Science; Dr. Duane Dukes, Psychology



M: Honors Panel 3/4
Moderators: Drs. Angie Jones, Psychology & Julia Karolle-Berg, Honors Program
WED 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202

M.1 Comparison of Domestic and Foreign Corporate Income Tax Policy
Jaclyn T. Roznik, Undergradute; Dr. Gerald Weinstein, Accountancy (Advisor)
This research project assesses the current state of the United States income tax policy in comparison to other worldwide tax models.  Its main focus is the three elements of the tax system that have been attributed to multinational corporations either reincorporating abroad or choosing to not repatriate their earnings domestically.  These elements include: corporate income tax rates, tax credits and treatment of foreign-sourced income.  This comparison is done by using the Internal Revenue Code, the 2013 PwC Tax Summaries, and several studies done in 2013 on hypothetical changes to the current United States income tax policy and the predicted results to explain how the tax systems of the United States, Canada, Ireland, and China all treat the criteria listed above.  After the comparison, the analysis reveals that in order to prevent the erosion of the United States tax base and increase its tax revenues and investment by multinationals, the United States needs to switch to a hybrid system, lower its corporate tax rates and also reestablish itself as a premiere tax location.  Recommendations for the United States to implement these goals include: lowering the general corporate tax rate to 25%, offering additional highly reduced rates of 10-15% or substantial credits for industries the United States wants to encourage such as alternative energy or technology, and switching to a territorial or hybrid tax system to encourage investment through a change in tax law or development of additional treaties. Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

M.2 The New Right Discourse on Health Care
Bryan Kroetsch, Undergraduate; Dr. Mindy Peden, Political Science (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

M.3 Eleanor Roosevelt: Revolutionizing the Role of First  Lady
Chelsea Neubecker, Undergraduate; Dr. Malia McAndrew, History (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

M.4 Semantic Satiation Among Lexically Ambiguous Words
*Christopher Wetherill, Undergraduate; Dr. Angela C. Jones, Psychology (Advisor)
Semantic satiation research indicates that weakly-related semantic information is more satiated than highly-related information (Balota & Black, 1997). In the current studies, we used biased ambiguous words to investigate possible differences in satiation and the duration of satiation. Participants read ambiguous cues 3 or 30 times and either immediately or after a delay made a CUE—TARGET relatedness judgment. Targets were consistent with the dominant or subordinate meaning or unrelated to either. Both homographs with two noun meanings and with one noun and one verb meaning were used. Evidence of satiation was found among the immediate response tasks. Results supported the theory that greater semantic distance exists between alternative meanings of noun-verb ambiguous words compared with noun-noun ambiguous words (Mirman et al., 2010). Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.


N: Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Panel 2/4
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
Presenters: Alyssa Brown, Margaret Hutchison, Kate Pifer, Brittany Thompson; Undergraduates


O: Individual Paper Presentations
Moderator: Dr. Mindy Peden, Political Science
WED 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room

O.1: Lottery Revenue Distribution
David Fredericka, Undergraduate
Lotteries have been in existence for several centuries all over the world, including the United States.  Currently forty-nine states and several U.S. territories have some form of the lottery.  The lottery not only provides a significant amount of revenue for the state and government programs, but it also increases the revenue for businesses that sell lottery tickets.  Although the lottery is quite prevalent, not everyone plays it.  In fact some research suggests that lower income individuals play the lottery more than higher income individuals.  Some believe that the lottery can be considered a tax on the poor since they are more likely to play it.  This paper focuses on who is likely to play the lottery, and what the state does with the sales revenue.

O.2: Mary of Egypt — Authorization and Agency in the Desert
Darcy Egan, Undergraduate

O.3:  Is a college education worthwhile? 
Kirsten Ham, Undergraduate; Dr. Lindsay Calkins, Economics & Finance (Advisor)

In the last 30 years reports have suggested that tuition prices for colleges in the United States have risen over 1000%. Tuition is constantly on the rise, along with increasing university fees, it is becoming almost unmanageable for the ordinary student and their families to keep up with these costs. These rising costs are causing more and more students to take out government and private loans at high interest rates in order to afford college that have repercussions long past graduation. I have conducted a study on a worthwhile of a college education, the comparison of past and present statistical data based on tuition rates, loan rates, and graduation. These statistics will be presented to see how these steep costs are effecting students presently versus the past students. Along with the statistical data, solutions that are that are being conducted on both the state and federal level to combat loans and costs will be shown. Many students and graduates are wondering when something will be done to combat these rising tuition costs and loan interest rates. Lastly throughout the thesis paper a philosophical side will be presented. An economic justification for Gov’t. subsidization of student loans will be discussed along with the efficiency vs equity argument, can these arguments justify the worthwhile of a college education?

P: Individual Paper Presentations
Moderator: Dr. Jim Krukones, History & Provost/Academic Vice President’s Office
WED 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202

P.1: The Death of the American Trial
Ryan Colby, Undergraduate; Dr. Duane Dukes, Sociology
Over the last 50 years, we have seen a decline in one of our nation’s greatest foundations, the American trial. With the increasing popularity of criminal shows like Law & Order, our society has become ignorant to the fact that the actual trial process has dwindled away at an alarming rate. Although the nation’s crime rate has been hovering, trials are decreasing and plea bargains are increasing. The effects of this change can be seen throughout the entire criminal justice system. If we do not make a change soon, one of our longest and most admired traditions will be lost forever.

P.2: Does Greek Life Affect Academic Performance?
Haley Manuel, Undergraduate; Dr. Andrew Welki, Economics and Finance

See C.3

P.3 “4QInstruction” and “1 Enoch”: An Exercise in Sapiential-Apocalyptic Epistemological Compatability
Carson Bay, Graduate Student
4QInstruction and 1 Enoch are both Second Temple Jewish writings represented in fragments at Qumran, among the Dead Sea Scrolls. The former is usually considered a work of “wisdom literature,” while the latter is labeled “apocalyptic.” These categories may be misleading, as they are not mutually exclusive. Both 4QInstruction and 1 Enoch are concerned with cosmic and eschatological questions (apocalyptic) as well as everyday righteous living (wisdom, or sapiential). Rather than representing distinct literary genres, these two texts demonstrate how different ideological angles meet at the intersection of common epistemology. While following different trajectories, these two texts share basic epistemological presuppositions and betray their common origin within a wider tradition of shared values and Weltanshauung (worldview). 4QInstruction and 1 Enoch are very different, and completely compatible.


Q: Transformative Rhetoric: Critiques of Substance and Style Panel
Moderator: Dr. Brent Brossman, Communication & Theatre Arts
WED 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

Q.1: Exploring the Taboo Through Storytelling: An Examination of Mercedes Lackey and Homosexuality
Kristine Brossmann, Undergraduate
Mercedes Lackey is a prolific fantasy author whose 1989-90 trilogy, The Last Herald-Mage, explored traditional heroic fantasy through the perspective of a young, gay protagonist. Written at a time when homosexuality was clearly a taboo subject in America, the series joins a litany of important narratives that helped reshape the cultural landscape of taboo topics, allowing readers to understand  individuals that were easily disenfranchised in political and social circles. The analysis traces a history concerning America’s treatment of homosexuals through the 1990s, explores readers’ reactions to the novels, and explains how the narratives operate to help open acceptance of homosexuality in America in ways that lay the groundwork for acceptance other forms of political discourse.

Q.2: A Rhetorical Criticism of the Feminist Response to the Clinton-Lewinsky Affair
Brenna Dimmig, Undergraduate
In a February 1998  New York Observer article titled,  “New York Supergals Love That Naughty Prez” Francine Prose interviewed a variety of well-known feminist leaders concerning their impressions of the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair.  Since Bill Clinton was perceived as a presidential anomaly for actively supporting women’s issues, the “New York Supergals” faced a choice between supporting a politically favorable president or attacking a powerful male for engaging in sexually inappropriate conduct with a young intern.  This essay traces their reactions, reasons and the long-term implications of their universal decision to defend President Clinton.

Lisa Perry, Undergraduate
This paper focuses on the slogan “WAR IS PEACE / FREEDOM IS SLAVERY / IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH,” from Orwell’s dystopian Nineteen Eighty-Four, Through this slogan, Orwell crafted “doublespeak,” the tenacious use of language to control other’s thoughts by narrowing frames of view. Although there is a rich history of analysis that attacks doublespeak for a variety of reasons, this analysis revolves around the ability of doublespeak to open one’s mind and broaden one’s perspective. Kenneth Burke’s perspective by incongruity is used to guide the analysis, because it actively examines contradicting concepts in order to yield fresh ideas. The nine words are treated with this perspective to substantiate their alternate power. New ideas are formulated by the three clashes presented in Orwell’s rhetorical act. Their very conceptualization should validate doublespeak’s ability to open up the mind to new possibilities.

Q.4: Eisenhower’s Military Industrial Complex
Emily Stolfer, Undergraduate
On January 17, 1961, President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered his farewell address to the nation.  This was Eisenhower’s lasting mark after serving the nation for fifty years. In that speech, he warned the nation about the Military Industrial Complex (MIC) which combines the military, the government and big business for economic gain and military supremacy. This speech gave a name to one of the most influential government ideologies and also brought attention to it on an international stage.  In doing so, this paper hopes to answer two questions.  First, given Eisenhower’s political status, how is it that his warning still resonates after sixty years and yet remains insufficient for achieving his goal to limit the military industrial complex? Second, what does that suggest for potential liberators with far less agency to speak on the topic?

R: The Internship Experience – All Majors Welcome
WED 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room
Moderators: Nikki Marzano, Experiential Coordinator – Center for Career Services; Sara Stashower, Director of Internships – College of Arts and Sciences, Katie Bergman, Assistant to the Dean, Career Development – Boler School of Business

Lisa Perry, Communications
Angela Besprozvanny, IBLC
Jessica Wagner, Sociology
Samantha Polasky, Psychology

An internship is a supervised professional development opportunity for students to extend classroom learning in a real world setting. Internship opportunities at John Carroll are available to students through a number of resources. Students can pursue internships on their own with coaching from the Career Center and/or the Boler School of Business or the College of Arts and Sciences internship coordinators. Students can also take courses that include an internship experience as part of the curriculum. Internships can be done for credit or not for credit. Internships provide an opportunity for professional networking, development of skills, and can help confirm or deny career interest.  A panel of John Carroll students who have completed internships will discuss the challenges and benefits of their experiences.


S: The We the People Service-Learning Program Panel
Moderator: Liz Deegan, Center for Service & Social Action
WED 8 p.m. Jardine Room

Tyler McTigue, Student Coordinator, We the People
Alyssa Giannirakis, Student Coordinator, Youth for Justice
Jennifer Kliemann, teacher, JFK High School
Sr. Renee Pastor, teacher, St. Frances School

The We the People Service-Learning Program includes three programs in which John Carroll tutors work with students in underserved area schools.  In the 5th grade We the People program, teams of three or four tutors visit classrooms weekly to educate students about the US Constitution and citizenship. Students compete each spring in the Mock Congressional Hearing on JCU’s campus.  Youth for Justice is a program in which 8th grade students identify an injustice in the community and, with the assistance of JCU tutors, research the issue, develop an action plan, and propose a solution to a panel of judges in the culminating Summit. Finally, in Project Citizen, JCU tutors work with tenth grade students to propose a policy change to local leaders.  A panel of JCU seniors, as well as partner teachers and students will discuss the impact of the We the People Service-Learning Program.

Thursday Sessions

T: Honors Panel 4/4
Moderators: Drs. Angie Jones, Psychology & Julia Karolle-Berg, Honors Program
THU 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202 

T.1 Pasqualino Settebellezze: Italian Identity through the Lens of Holocaust Tragedy
Michael Di Geronimo, Undergraduate; Dr. Luigi Ferri, Classical & Modern Languages & Cultures (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

T.2 Organizing Decisions, Interest Groups and the US Supreme Court
Shannon Parker, Undergraduate; Dr. Elizabeth Stiles, Political Science (Advisor)
Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.

T.3 The Effect of Social Pressure on Results of the Implicit Association Test
Benjamin A. Berry, Undergraduate; Dr. John Yost, Psychology (Advisor)
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is designed to examine prejudice at an automatic, unconscious level, thereby avoiding the distortions often caused when participants attempt to present themselves in a more socially desirable light. It does so by using reaction time to measure cognitive associations between a particular social group and a set of positive and negative evaluations. The test has proven to be largely effective in preventing self-presentation effects. Participants are generally unable to influence their own results when given explicit instruction to do so. The present research suggests that, despite this inability, the IAT is unexpectedly susceptible to the effects of social pressure in the form of demand characteristics. Submitted in fulfillment of the Honors Program thesis requirement.


U: History Senior Seminar Panel
Moderator: Drs. Dan Kilbride and Maria Marsilli, History
THU 2-3:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203

U.1:  How can the Right ever be Wrong? Pinochet’s Right-wing supporters. Chile, 1973-1989
Matthey Duff, Undergraduate

U.2: Chronicle of a Lie: The life and Writings of Jesuit mestizo author Father Blas Valera. Peru, 1545-1597
William Guttermuth, Undergraduate

U.3:  From Soldier to Convert to Student: Saint Ignatius and the Founding of Society of Jesus, 1491-1556
Stephen Lutter, Undergraduate

U.4: Veronica Lysaght: What Do the Knots Say? Quipu Data Recording System in pre-Hispanic and Colonial Andes

(5) Christopher Russo: Shaker Heights: The Van Sweringen Brothers’ Suburban Streetcar Utopia in Progressive Era Cleveland, 1905-1936

V: Individual Paper Presentations
Moderator: [OPEN]
THU 2-3:15 Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room 

V.1 A Look into Northern Ireland Education and its Effects on Peacebuilding
Melissa Fowler, Undergraduate
The role of education in societies of conflict and division has long been disputed. It is clear; however, that segregated education does not help build peace and can perpetuate physical divisions and maintain an environment lacking mutual respect and understanding between groups. Despite knowledge of this, education in Northern Ireland is still highly segregated. This paper presents the view that Northern Ireland’s highly segregated education system does not allow education to be a useful tool in peace building, and there is still a long way to go to determine education’s role in peace in Northern Ireland, and to unlock its peace building potential.

V.2 Unemployment Benefits and Its Macroeconomic Effects
Hanna Dela Cerna, Undergraduate. Dr. Lawrence Cima and Dr. Lindsay Calkins, Economics and Finance
The unemployment insurance system is a social program that was built in 1935 by Franklin D. Roosevelt to help alleviate the burden of some of the 25% of Americans that were unemployed during the Great Depression. It is designed to provide temporary income assistance to those out of work through no fault of their own, and to sustain consumer demand during economic downturns. Today, the unemployment benefits system still remains a controversial topic, especially with the recent Great Recession. This paper will highlight the structure of the unemployment system, discuss the consequences of its benefits, its pros and cons, and possible solutions that the government could take to solving the flaws of the system.

V.3 Are career education courses helpful: Measuring career education efficacy using My Vocational Situation
Sharon Schwam, Graduate Student
The Center for Career Services at John Carroll University offers numerous resources for students to promote and develop career goals.  Career education courses are designed to help students at different places in their career journey answer questions such as “who am I and what am I passionate about, where am I needed in the world, and how do I get there?”  Each student enrolled in a career education course is given a My Vocational Situation (MVS) assessment at the beginning and at the end of the course to assess readiness for career choice in terms of vocational identity, need for career information, and barriers to career choice.  This presentation will discuss the efficacy of career education courses using the MVS results collected over a 4-year period.
W: Individual Paper Presentations
Moderator: Dr. Cynthia Marco-Scanlon, Center for Career Services
THU 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202

W.1: College Students’ Perception of Female Sexual Assault and Rape in the United States
*Dana Kopas, Undergraduate; Dr. Medora Barnes, Sociology and Criminology
In the United States, the sexual assault and rape of women is an ever-present issue often not recognized for its severity and high frequency. Due to social problems such as double standards and discrimination, 1 in 6 women will be the victim of sexual assault in her lifetime. This study surveyed college students’ understanding and awareness of female rape and sexual assault. Fifty college juniors and seniors (25 male and 25 female) provided answers revealing their knowledge and perceptions of rape’s prevalence and technical definition, including what is and is not considered legal consent. Since college-aged women have historically been at significantly higher risk of sexual assault, rape, and attempted rape, this research aimed to gain a better understanding of how men and women in college view the issue.

W.2: The FEST – Bringing the Catholic Faith to Life
Megan Lowes, Graduate Student: Dr. Tina Facca, Management, Marketing & Logistics (Advisor)
The FEST, the Diocese of Cleveland’s Annual Catholic Family Festival was founded in 2001. Since it’s founding, the FEST has given thousands of people from not only the Cleveland area, but from around the country and even in parts of Canada, the opportunity to come together one day a year to demonstrate their love for God and fully embrace who they are as Christians. With the number of people who attend the FEST every year and added activities, which include popular live Christian music, service opportunities, a kid’s area, and much more, it is important for the FEST to focus on the quality of the activities and services provided in order to sustain the growth for the future.

W.3: Goldbach, Hurwitz, and the Infinitude of Primes: Weaving a Proof across the Centuries
Robert Haas, Alumnus
Mathematics is not a monument but a living structure, actively growing, developing, and becoming continually more perfect before our eyes; the mathematicians building it work together in a community that extends through both time and space. This talk describes how a simple new proof that there are infinitely many prime numbers (Somos & Haas, 2003, Cleveland, U.S.A.) was built from ideas of Christian Goldbach (1690-1764; St. Petersburg, Russia) and Adolf Hurwitz (1859- 1919; Zurich, Switzerland). The Mathematical Intelligencer (2014, in press). Thanks to Donald M. Poduska, Professor of Classical Languages at John Carroll University, for refining my Latin translations, and Dr. Tom McIver, of the Grasselli Library of John Carroll University, for sagacious reference help.

W.4: A James Joyce Bestiary: Animal Symbolism in Ulysses
Robert Haas, Alumnus
James Joyce built his great novel Ulysses in a highly structured way involving not only its Homeric parallel, but several other categories of time, style, and symbol. This talk describes how Joyce’s known affection for animals has been channeled into a comparable series of striking animal symbols that run through, and help illuminate, nearly every episode of the book. ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews (2014, in press)


X: Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Panel 3/4
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
THU 3:30-4:45 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203
Presenters: Alyssa Giannirakis, Dan Shea, Katie Trausch


Y: Positive Images of Christian Women Panel
Moderator: Dr. Joan Nuth, Theology & Religious Studies
THU 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A202

Panelists: Meagen Howe, Graduate Student; Virginia Phillips; Jenni Shelton, Graduate Student; and Michele Stopera Freyhauf, Theology & Religious Studies

2000 years of Christian tradition includes rich contributions from a variety of women. Each panelist will share conclusions from her research: women’s leadership roles in early Christian communities compared to their Pagan contemporaries; friendship between women religious in medieval Spanish convents; history of Roman Catholic women’s religious communities in Northeast Ohio; and the development of women’s ordination in the Church of Ireland. Panelists will interact with each other and their audience to discuss common themes and implications for Christian women and their communities today.


Z: Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Panel 4/4
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
THU 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, A203
Presenters: Julia Blanchard, Katherine Corbitt, Mary Gleason, Ian Kamery
AA: Immersion Trips Panel
Moderator: Andy Costigan, Campus Ministry
THU 5-6:15 p.m. Dolan Science Center, O’Connell Reading Room
Danielle Cappellino (student coordinator, New Orleans)
Dr. Rich Clark (faculty leader, Immokalee)
Devan Gisoni (student coordinator, Immokalee)
Julia Hohner (student coordinator, Louisville)
Abbey Vogel (student participant, Nicaragua)
Elliott Schermerhorn (student coordinator, Guatemala)


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