A Celebration of Scholarship

2012 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Visit the 2012 Schedule for presention times and room locations.

Tuesday | Wednesday | Thursday

Tuesday, March 27, 2012

PANEL A: “Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Presentations, Session 1”
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center For Service & Social Action 

Moderator: Dr. Jim Krukones, Associate Academic Vice President


B.2: “Everything about the Web I Learned from Charlton Heston”
Mike Richwalsky, Marketing Services (Web)
We are living in the age of the social web – it impacts how we communicate, how we connect, how we educate and how we do business. This session will explore trends in social media, marketing and communications using the film oeuvre of one Charlton Heston – and how we can use themes and catchphrases from his films to understand how the web impacts our learning, privacy, and how we are being marketed to.   Mike Richwalsky is director of marketing services at John Carroll University, where he is responsible for the University’s web development and electronic marketing.  A leader in the use of cloud services and architecture in higher education web development, Mike has presented at higher education conferences in the US and UK, including HighEdWeb, EduWeb, Institutional Web Management Workshop, EduComm, J.Boye, Coalition for Networked Information and the Carnegie Mellon University Digital Libraries Colloquium. 

PANEL C: “Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Presentations, Session 2”
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action

PANEL D: “History Majors Research”
Moderators: Dr. Daniel Killbride and Dr. Maria Marsilli, History
The panel presents research completed by History majors. Papers combine primary, secondary sources, and a broad set of methodological approaches. It also shows the refinement of the students’ presentation skills.


PANEL E: “Issues in Contemporary Sociology”
Moderator: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
This panel explores various social issues which society is experiencing from local, national or international perspectives. Family issues related to divorce and juvenile delinquency will be discussed. Solutions for deterring crime and alleviating poverty will be analyzed. And health concerns related to HIV/AIDS and the mental health impact of war on survivors will be examined. All this research was undertaken in independent study projects by sociology majors under the sponsorship of faculty members in the Department of Sociology & Criminology.

E.1: “Lebanese War Survivors’ Experience, its’ Impact on Mental Health, and the Development of Coping Strategies”
Dalia Antoon, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
It is widely known that war and conflict contribute to the onset of mental health problems.  War not only deteriorates the fabric of society and its’ foundations, but it also affects individuals’ lives, mental health, and overall quality of life.  According to Derek Summerfield, a researcher on war and mental health, health and illness due to war have social and political roots.  In his opinion, post-war mental health responses need to be addressed more so socially and traditionally allowing for cultural healers and public acceptance rather than strongly focusing on western biomedical definition of war trauma because every society’s experience is different.  Through qualitative interviews this paper will focus on the experience of 4 adult survivors of the Lebanese war.  Coping strategies, their mental health status, and whether they have sought help will be addressed in the interview and then related to diverse existing research on this topic. 

E.2: “Impacts of Post-Divorce Parental Relationships on Children”
Catherine Distelrath, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
Many sources report that nearly fifty percent of marriages today end in divorce.  This is often viewed by the general public as a percentage that is too high as divorce is typically thought of as a negative enterprise.  Much research is focused on uncovering the most effective ways to decrease this large number of divorces, and it would be ideal to simply be able to do so.  However, this paper examines the implications of relationships between parents after the divorce has occurred and the effect the relationship has on their children.  Some parents are able to divorce and remain friendly with one another, communicating efficiently about their children, while others find it very difficult to remain in contact with their former spouse at all.  This paper will provide an assessment of both of these post-divorce situations and which one proves to have the best outcome for the children involved.      

E.3: “Factors Influencing Medication and Treatment Adherence within the HIV/AIDS Positive Population”
Adrianna Farmer, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
This is an independent research study project that is being done as part of the requirement of an upper division sociology course (SC 493). Through the cooperation of an Infectious Disease Clinic in a suburb of the Greater Cleveland area, anonymous patient surveys were distributed to HIV positive patients and interviews conducted with consenting employees of the clinic. Data collected from these surveys and interviews were analyzed and used to gain insight on factors that influence treatment adherence in this specific population. This study focuses on basic demographic information, clinical characteristics of the disease, self-perceived patient adherence to treatment, and preferred methods of adherence intervention.

E.4: “Developing a Non-profit Poverty Program”
Francisco Lopez, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Ernie De Zolt, Sociology & Criminology
The proposed Non-profit Poverty Program is based on finding innovative solutions for social and economic inequality. An emphasis of antipoverty programs is on economic development and self-sustainability. Thus, the Non- Profit Poverty Program intends to support both economic and human development based upon the influences of Charity and Love. The guiding principles for this project are a combination of Catholic social teachings and the principle of sociology. The possible programs to be implemented in the State of Massachusetts with the collaboration of local, State agencies, non-profits, and the churches are Community Resource Information Center, Healing and Rehabilitating Center, Music and Art School, Haiti Orphanage Project and Small Entrepreneur-Market of gratuitousness. Along with these programs, non-profit organizations will be encouraged to collaborate at all levels, especially with the religious guidance, education, health, and the development of social and economic life to accomplish strong civil societal institutions.

E.5: “The United States Marshal Service”
Ryan Pischel, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Ernie De Zolt, Sociology & Criminology
In my independent study experience, I was primarily working with the United States Marshals Service in order to broaden my understanding of federal law enforcement.  Secondarily, I was interested in establishing a network of contacts for future employment opportunities. As the literature on federal law enforcement suggests, this experience taught me what their careers consist of on a day to day basis.  I spent close to sixteen hours per week shadowing deputies in court and throughout the cell block area, and I sometimes completed tasks for them pertaining to their duties as Deputy Marshals.  I found this experience to be invaluable due to the amount of success that I can one day generate from it.  After I received a plaque for achievement from the Service, I composed a paper describing their work based on my experience with them.

E.6: “Exposure to Violent Media Entertainment and Juvenile Delinquency”
Antoinette Williams, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Wendy Wiedenhoft -Murphy, Sociology & Criminology
Violent videogames, television, and rap music embed negative social practices that promote violence to youth that can contribute to juvenile delinquency. Research has shown that adolescents who expose themselves to greater amounts of videogames develop more hostility. Additionally, television is shown to contribute to deviant behavior. A longitudinal research study proves that when children are exposed to violent television, as adults they become more aggressive than those who did not watch violent television shows. Lastly, there are two main arguments in regards to how violent rap music impacts the youth. One argument is that violent rap music creates a culture of aggression. Therefore, many youth embrace the lifestyle that violent rap music offers. Violent videogames, television and rap music promote negative social practices because it directs the mindset of youth to deviant behavior thus promoting actions that lead juvenile delinquency.


Wednesday, March 28, 2012

PANEL F: “University Settlement Program Evaluation: Qualitative Research”
Moderator: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology & Criminology
Presenters: Amanda Musarra, Sarah Stanley, JP Bolton, Joelle Bettura, Molly Fields, Shenisha Gray,  Rebecca Magyar, Natalie Lichtman, and Emily Sullivan
In fall 2011, an advanced sociology class on poverty and welfare, at John Carroll University (JCU), conducted a program evaluation for University Settlement in the Broadway Slavic Village Neighborhood of Cleveland. The evaluation focused on two programs: STRIVE, a youth alcohol, tobacco, and drug (ATOD) prevention program; and a Housing Program. One group of students interviewed the youth (N=9), and the other group interviewed the housing residents (N=4) and housing program staff (N=3). The qualitative findings were then analyzed, by the themes that became apparent in each group, as relates to key aspects of the programs. From the information gathered in the interviews, it can be concluded that University Settlement provides youth effective drug prevention education, and social/academic enrichment activities in a safe environment; and provides housing participants a chance to overcome the barriers of being homeless.

PANEL G: “Service-Learning Pedagogy in the Undergraduate Classroom: Reflections from the Adolescent Studies Research & Learning Group”
Moderator: Dr. Tracy Masterson, Psychology
Tracy Masterson, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor of Psychology), Malia McAndrew, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor of History), Medora Barnes, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor of Sociology), TBA (student), and TBA (student)
Professors Masterson, McAndrew and Barnes have recently established an informal research, teaching and learning group on Adolescent Studies. This panel will discuss service learning as a pedagogical technique for use in the undergraduate classes that pertain to inter-disciplinary adolescent studies. This panel will provide an overview of the interdisciplinary work envisioned by the Adolescent Studies Learning Group; introduce a research project that is in the planning and data collection stage by two of its principle members; and demonstrate the ways in which service learning can enhance student-learning outcomes in many academic disciplines. In particular, this panel will highlight the service learning experiences of two undergraduate students, one enrolled in PS 262: Adolescent Development (Department of Psychology) and one in HS 195A: 20th Century Youth Culture (Department of History). Each of these students is currently participating in a semester-long service project at a service site that is coordinated through JCU’s Center for Service and Social Action.  Each student will discuss the ways in which the service-learning component of their class has contributed to their understanding of adolescent issues as well as informed their unique career aspirations.

PANEL H: “Diversity in Italy – Historical and Contemporary Approaches”
Moderator: Dr. Luigi Ferri, Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures

H.1: “Gender Roles Development in Italy and Its Impact on the Perception of Sexuality”
*Shawn Cain, Undergraduate; Dr. Luigi Ferri, Assistant Professor, Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, John Carroll University
The paper focuses on the perception of sexuality in Italy starting from the Fascist era to the present, and on how it has developed since then.  The paper will offer evidence by means of literature and other media from that time, as well discuss more recent laws and behaviors towards those of non-traditional sexuality.  While the societal views of homosexuals and legislation in Italy have come a long way since the dawn of Italian Fascism, much more needs to be done before “equal rights” are realized.  According to some polls, Italian public opinion generally supports same-sex rights, but recent activity by the government calls into question the view of gays under those in power.  The conclusion is that Italy, despite official claims, is not different than many other countries with its treatment of the LGBT community.

H.2: “Italian Economics: The Paradox of Immigration and a Shadow Economy”
*Nicholas Mandilakis, Undergraduate; Dr. Luigi Ferri, Assistant Professor, Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, John Carroll University
In today’s turbulent European region, Italy is on the forefront of the Euro zone’s economic problems, facing a debt burden too large for the country to possibly correct.  Recently appointed leadership of Mario Monti will be tested as Italy is in dire need for an environment promoting productivity growth to correct these problems.  Italy is confronted with a tangled-web of challenges in economics, politics, and culture and must find a way to deal with the financial turmoil, shadow economy, and recent political blunders at an urgent pace.  The paper analyzes Italy’s current economic condition in relation to their large shadow economy, with special regard to high immigration rates and immigration policies formed by the Italian government in recent years.

Moderator: Dr. Julia Karolle-Berg, Honors Program

I.1: “Oniontown”
Lydia Munnell
The twentieth century boasts a rich offering of fiction and poetry from rural American writers. Robert Frost, William Faulkner, Sherwood Anderson, and Flannery O’Connor are just a few of the notable names that depicted small town America in the midst of the social and cultural changes that came as a result of immense technological growth and two world wars. This collection of creative writing humbly falls in behind these writers in its interest in contemporary rural life. Oniontown is a collection deeply interested in issues of memory, inheritance, and place, with a pace and cadence uniquely situated in Western Pennsylvania in the first decade of the 21st century. With short fiction, poetry, and creative essay, the collection is full of close portraits of strange characters whose lives are full of discomfort and disappointment, but with whom we share a familiarity and the resulting comfort that we aren’t alone.

I.2: “From León to Lake County:  Mexican Migrants in Ohio, 1980-2010”
Lisa Hinnerichs
In the past thirty-five years the population of Mexicans in Lake County, Ohio, has increased dramatically.  As one of the nation’s leading landscaping centers, Lake County has steadily attracted migrants looking for work.   This study aims to historically trace Mexican migration to the area and characterize the initial experiences of those migrants who chose to settle in Lake County.  Focusing on the personal experiences of migrants as well as those who employed migrants during the 1980s, this paper seeks to address the migrant experience in regards to work, ethnic relations, religion, family, and acculturation.  Using field interviews, primary documents and secondary sources, the study compares Lake County migrant experiences with other Midwestern Mexican migrant communities, presenting the perspectives of Mexican-Americans who might not otherwise appear in historical record in Northeast Ohio.

PANEL J: “The Inaugural John Carroll University – Cleveland Clinic Foundation Healthcare Information Technology Internship – Writing Software to Support Computed  Radiography (CR) Scanners”
Moderator: Dr. Daniel Palmer, Mathematics & Computer Science
*Kathryn Ek, Undergraduate; *Daniel Palmer, Professor,  Department of  Mathematics and Computer Science, John Carroll University
The collaboration between the Cleveland Clinic and John Carroll University to create a Healthcare Information Technology Track is reaching an important milestone. Our first student intern is working directly with CCF personnel and will graduate this May.  Between the old and cumbersome film x-rays and the new costly digital x-rays, lies a bridging technology that replaces radiology film by using a scanner that creates digital medical images.  These devices need observation over time and regularly scheduled maintenance.  Our project is to augment an existing system for Computer Tomography (CT) scanners to include data for CR scanners.  By working closely with a Clinic Medical Physicist and a Clinic software developer, we are creating a tool and a data archive that will be used to determine cost-effective scheduling for the regular maintenance of the CR scanners. Funding for this project was provided by the Academic Vice President’s Office at John Carroll University.

PANEL K: Honors Presentations
Moderator: Dr. Julia Karolle-Berg, Honors Program

K.1: “The Essence of Non-duality in Zhu Ziqing’s Wenzhou de Zongji”
Hui Sian Tan
Though seldom translated, Zhu Ziqing’s essays have been included in every Chinese school syllabus and every anthology of modern prose since the 1930s.  The paper provides my translation of his essay, “Wenzhou de Zongji,” and some contextual material: a brief biography of Zhu Ziqing; an exposition on the Chinese literary essay genre, sanwen; a history of translation theory in China; a reflection on the translation theory I adopted for this essay.  Finally, I analyze the essay itself.  In doing so, I dissect the non-duality within both its content and style.

K.2: “Who Speaks for the Truffula Trees? A Victim, if you Please: Seuss’ The Lorax and Burke’s Dramatism”
Megan Lutz
Nearly everyone can identify a specific author or book that touched them as a child. As one grows up and gains additional knowledge, one may wish to revisit this author or book and seek insights into why he/she/it had such a profound effect on one’s life. For me and many others, this author was Dr. Seuss. Seuss’ books are much loved for his quirky rhyme and colorful pictures, yet many fail to fathom the fact that they tackle weighty issues ranging from nuclear warfare to capitalism likely because they do not feel as ‘stiff’ as when they are encountered elsewhere. In this paper, I use Kenneth Burke’s method of “Dramatism” to glean insight into the specific strategies Seuss uses in order to leave a lasting impact on readers of all ages, inspire action without demanding it, and communicate a political message without standing on a soapbox to do so.

K.3: “On the Form of Distinctness”
Robert Short
Plato’s Theory of the Forms has been around for centuries, and is common study for many philosophy students.  In several of his dialogues, Plato outlines what qualities certain Forms, especially the Form of the Good, need to have.  As part of my senior honors project with Dr. Mooney, I am considering the inclusion of a Form of “Distinctness” as part of Plato’s Theory of the Forms.  In this talk, I will explore what qualities this Form would need to have along with a discussion on whether or not such a Form could exist.


Thursday, March 29, 2012

Moderator: Dr. Ed Hahnenberg, Breen Chair for Catholic Systematic Theology

L.1: “The Labre Project: Living Out Its Patron’s Message of Friendship”
Jillian Dunn
Looking at the issue of homelessness through the eyes of St. Benedict Joseph Labre, this presentation will not only offer background on the patron saint of homelessness, but what his message would be for today. Labre’s life reflects the stereotypes and cycles of homelessness seen in the modern world. The purpose of the Labre Project is to advocate for the homeless in light of its patron. We do not just advocate for structural change, but for the individual, our friends. The Labre Project provides food, but more importantly, friendship to the homeless. Friendship is a transformative power not offered by “the system,” and lacking among the outcast of society. The Labre Project creates a place at the table for its homeless friends, so one day they can offer JCU students a place at theirs. This presentation will offer background and personal experiences about what it means to befriend the homeless.

L.2: “Ignatian Solidarity in Immersion Experiences”
Anna Faist
This presentation provides a synthesis of my immersion experience to Guatemala, which occurred in January 2012, and my knowledge of Ignatian spirituality and Jesuit education. As a senior, I have participated in a variety of mission based programs in the past.  After studying solidarity as an element of Catholic social teaching, the work of Pedro Arrupe, and Jesuit education throughout an independent study with Mr. Jimmy Menkhaus, this presentation presents the solidification of my previous experiences with the immersion program in the context of Ignatian solidarity.

L.3: “Pedro Arrupe: Justice through Solidarity and Love”
James Menkhaus, part-time Faculty, Theology and Religious Studies Department, John Carroll University.
Pedro Arrupe, the 28th Superior General of the Society of Jesus from 1965-1983, led the Jesuits through a tumultuous time of transformation within the Catholic Church and around the world. While often cited for his efforts to reconnect the Jesuits to their original foundation, especially in terms of social justice, Arrupe also possessed a deep spirituality. For Arrupe, social action was “rooted and grounded” in the love of Christ. This presentation will briefly explore Arrupe’s spirituality as it connects to social justice and will conclude by highlighting the Arrupe Scholars Program at John Carroll University.

PANEL M: “Arrupe Scholars Senior Capstone Presentations, Session 3”
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action

Moderator: Dr. Medora Barnes, Sociology & Criminology

N.1: “Parents’ Interactions in Their Children’s Education at Open Doors Academy”
Sara Thomas, Graduate Student

N.2: “Symbolism and Abstraction in the Saint John’s Bible”
Dr. Charles Zarobila, Grasselli Library
Many illuminations in the Saint John’s Bible tend toward being abstract and symbolic. These qualities are mostly a consequence of this Bible’s contemporary character and its purpose of bridging the centuries by including not only traditional techniques and motifs but also modern techniques and motifs.   However, even the most traditional illuminated Bibles have elements that require contemplation and interpretation to understand them.   This presentation will focus on interpreting the abstract and symbolic meaning of the illuminations in the Saint John’s Bible and examine this Bible in relation to a contemplative tradition of understanding illuminated Bibles.

N.3: “Creating LIves of Meaning”
Dr. Nancy Taylor, Education & Allied Studies
In an uncertain world, it is a challenge to construct certainty within oneself and create meaning out of one’s experiences.  Today’s adolescents in high school and emerging young adults in the college years and beyond face complex tasks in deciding what they are going to do with their lives. Interventions will be presented to guide the decision-making process through three stages: attention, discovery, and direction. At various levels these activities may be self-directed or facilitated through academic advising or by a counselor. A Quaker saying, “Let your life speak,” is the title of a book by Parker Palmer. He reminds us that before we tell our lives what we are going to do with them, we must listen to our lives and learn about who we are. This requires courage to hear who we really are. Only then can we put ourselves “into action” and live with meaning and purpose.

PANEL O: “Traditional Chinese Medicine in the US: From Exotic Alternative to Integrative Medicine”
Moderator: Dr. Susan Long, Sociology and Criminology
Through library and internet research and interviews with traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and clients in the US in 2011, this panel explores changes the traditional practices have undergone and the reinterpretations of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) by both healers and patients.  Although some people prefer that TCM remain distinct from other medical practices to retain their authenticity as alternative or exotic medicine, the increased familiarity of the public, the increased acceptance of acupuncture in the medical community, and the need to reduce health care costs has led TCM in the US into a sort of “marriage” with biomedicine that looks different from both traditional and contemporary practices of these techniques in China.

O.1: “Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine in the US”
Susan Orpett Long, Professor, Department of Sociology & Criminology, John Carroll University
This presentation sets the stage for the specific case studies presented by the panelists concerning the adaptation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) to contemporary American society. A wide range of practices based on ancient Chinese ideas about balance and energy came to constitute something called “traditional medicine” when Western scientific medicine was introduced to China in the 19th century.  As some of these traditions were introduced to the US, they were initially considered exotic at best and quackery at worst. Yet some have now become well established practices in the world of alternative medicine and some like acupuncture have been incorporated into “integrative” biomedicine.  The implications of this “marriage” of biomedicine and traditional Chinese medicine are critically examined.

O.2: “Acupuncture and Cultural Change”
Rebecca Secula
For this panel I will be presenting information on Traditional Chinese Medicine’s procedure of acupuncture. The main goal of this presentation is to show the evolution of acupuncture as it has been  integrated into the biomedical health care system. I conclude that acupuncture has started to evolve away from its traditional roots, but is becoming a new type of practice incorporated as part of contemporary health care.

O.3: “An Inquiry Concerning Herbal Medicine”
Ryan Ausperk, Graduate; Dr. Susan Long, Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology, John Carroll University
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a form of medical practice founded from concepts of ancient Chinese philosophy. One of the most substantial components of TCM is herbal medicine, which has been used to prevent and treat illnesses since ancient times. While there are still people who use herbal medicine strictly in the traditional Chinese context, most of the recognition herbal medicine receives is through being implemented into or used with more popular and modern medical systems in an area known as complementary and alternative medicine. This paper uses a variety of sources to explain the framework and history of herbal medicine as well as give an account of how herbal medicine is being used in America today. Comparing herbal medicine in these two contexts shows herbal medicine to be an extremely valuable medical treatment that continues to aid patients regardless of the medical system it is incorporated into.

O.4: “Herbal Remedies in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Their Place in America Today: Are Americans Focusing Too Much on the Therapeutic Effects and Neglecting the Philosophy Behind Treatment?”
Hui Sian Tan, Undergraduate; Dr. Susan Long, Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology, John Carroll University
A growing number of people in the United States are turning to Traditional Chinese Medicine, particularly to cure or alleviate chronic illnesses when biomedicine has shown little effectiveness or adverse side effects. TCM encompasses the philosophy of Yin and Yang, which plays a crucial role in the conception and concoction of herbal remedies that are tailored to the individual. Although research statistics suggest a rising popularity of TCM herbal remedies, are patients simply concerned with finding a cure rather than taking active interest in the philosophy behind TCM to further understand and enhance the treatment they are receiving?

PANEL P: “Advice on Leadership:  Results from Interviews and Experience”
Moderator: Dr. Nathan Hartman, Management, Marketing & Logistics
A panel comprised of seniors in the John Carroll University’s Leadership Scholars Program will discuss aspects of Authentic, Positive and Transformational Leadership.  Using information collected from academic journals and interviews with a variety of professionals they will summarize what they learned.  They will also discuss how undergraduates can be leaders in college and how this experience can be transferred into future careers.  Emphasis will be placed on what was learned from and recommended by the professionals.  Opportunities to enhance student leadership and career goals will be provided.  This session focuses on positives and has the goal of providing help to other students.