A Celebration of Scholarship

2011 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Celebration 2011 Paper and Panel Abstracts

Except where noted, the paper and panel sessions will be held in the Dolan Science Center conference rooms (A202 and A203) on the second floor of the Atrium above the Donahue Auditorium.

Session (A): Panel: “Carroll CARES:The Power of Intergroup Dialogue”
Moderator: Lauren Bowen, Ph.D., associate academic vice president

Session (B) Panel: “Arrupe Senior Projects”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., and Chris Kerr

Session (C) Panel:  “E-Portfolios – Potential Benefits to a Liberal Arts Institution”
Moderator: Dan Palmer, Ph.D., Computer Science Department

Following the College of Arts and Sciences participation in an ePortfolio workshop as part of the annual meeting of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, we have formed a learning community to explore the possibilities of using ePortfolios at John Carroll. This talk will introduce the concept of ePortfolios, examine some of the ePortfolio support platforms, and look at how several universities are using them in different ways.

Session (D): Moderator: James Krukones, Ph.D., associate academic vice president

“Nutrition and Poverty”
Anastasia Mitchell, Undergraduate; Penny Harris, Ph.D., Sociology and Criminology

According to the United States data census, 14.3 percent of the population lives in poverty,  43.6 million people. Those living in metropolitan areas in 2009 made up 35.7 million of the poverty population. There is a strong correlation between poverty and poor nutrition. The study I will be conducting is a literature review, which has two purposes: 1) to gather information about the effects of malnutrition in inner city children, and 2) to develop an educational module based on the data, to combat the effects of malnutrition. Living in urban centers more than likely means one does not have a grocery store within a walking distance and the neighborhood has an abundance of fast food establishments and convenient stores. This presentation will present an overview of the research on the impact of poor nutrition on this population and suggest ways to counteract this through educational interventions.

“Stalin: Europe’s Greatest Villain”
Thomas Smith Jr., Graduate Student

During his reign as leader of the Soviet Union, Josef Stalin led a brutal totalitarian regime. The policies enacted by the Soviet government at this time were responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of people. This number eclipses any terror perpetrated by any previous leader in European history as well as the destruction caused by Stalin’s contemporary Adolf Hitler. More often than not, the targets of Stalin’s purges were his own supporters- the Communist Party and Red Army. Other targets included those who did not possess the ability to protect themselves from the purges, the peasantry and children. This paper examines the brutality of Stalin towards his own citizenry and shows that no one was safe from the boot heel of Josef Stalin.

“The Broken Heart Theory”
Melanie N. Faithwalker, Graduate Alumna

This research aims to examine the affects of stressful relationships on quality of life of the individual partaking in the relationship.  This study proposes to create an analysis of the relationship between the impact of stress on the said relationship and the degree of impairment to the individual’s quality of life. Research in the past has focused on emotional stability and relationship stability as being correlated factors in the success and quality of the relationship.  Also, the amount of stress within the relationship, the emotions, cognitions and ability to cope with each have an impact on the survival of the relationship and overall health of the individual.

Session (E) Panel: “SIFE”
Moderator: Scott Allen, Ph.D., Management, Marketing, and Logistics Department

Session (F) Panel: “Arrupe Senior Projects”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., and Chris Kerr
Panelists: Jacob Dunton, Dan Fitzmaurice, Christina O’Keefe, Rachel Thompson

Session (G) Moderator: Yi Shang, Ph.D., Education and Allied Studies Department

“Crisis Mapping: Conflict & Disaster Response in the Digital Age”
Tom Weinandy, Undergraduate

Crisis mapping is a new field of study that uses modern technology to analyze the combination of time, location and content.  According to a prominent blog about crisis mapping entitled iRevolution, it is where “[s]cholars, practitioners, and communities alike are working together to create, analyze, visualize and use real-time data for humanitarian response and post-conflict reconstruction and development (Meier 2009).” This combination of theory and application for social benefit gives crisis mapping the opportunity to create substantial change when addressing crises. The decentralized structure of the field and its foundation in a community approach to information gathering and application allow it to rapidly change to the current needs of the people that utilize it. As technologies, methods, and data improve, crisis mapping will continue to modify how it is used in study and practice to understand past conflicts, present crises and future prevention.

“Decoding Chinese”
Robert Haas, Alumnus

In memory of Dr. Leo J. Schneider, JCU Mathematics Professor 1963 – 2010 This talk will describe how, using just simple deductive reasoning and rudimentary set theory, one can decode enough Chinese to find a Chinese misprint in the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Attendees will see some entertaining glimpses of linguistics and Chinese art, and will also receive a copy of the Chinese passage to take home to try the fun of decoding it for themselves.  Acknowledgment:  Thanks to native Chinese speaker Jie Zhang, Education/Reference Librarian at the JCU Grasselli Library & Breen Learning Center, for confirming the misprint.

Session (H) Panel:  “John Carroll Study Abroad Student Experiences”
Moderator: Andreas Sobisch, Ph.D., director, Center for Global Education

Over 100 students participate each year in the many semester-long programs John Carroll has on offer. These programs take students to all corners of the world, creating opportunities for truly life-changing experiences and adventures. This panel will give a select group of students the opportunity to report back to the campus community about their learning experiences abroad and so allows the wider community to share in the benefit of these programs.

Session (I) Panel: “Arrupe Senior Projects”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., and Chris Kerr
Panelists: Molly Gradowski, Betsy Haigh, Clarissa Sarsama, Kaitrin Snider

Session (J) Panel: “Queer Studies: Interdisciplinary Curriculum Development”
Moderator: Lauren Bowen, Ph.D., associate academic vice president

Session (K) Panel: “Politics, Public Policy and the Press”
Moderator: Carrie Buchanan, Ph.D., Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts

Media coverage of public policy issues is essential to public understanding but, all too often, it falls short of what people need to fully understand all sides of the debate. Students in the Communications course “Politics, Public Policy and the Press” last spring analyzed coverage of a number of important issues. Topics included Gun Control, the Second Amendment & Media Coverage; Media Coverage of Childhood Obesity; Education in the Media; Media Coverage of Campaign Finance Reform; The “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” Repeal and the Media’s Coverage; and the debate over Taxes on Soda and Taxes on Alcohol. Two students will deliver papers: “The Forgotten Epidemic: The Issues of Anorexia and Being Underweight in America” by Liz Stark; and “Media Coverage of Healthcare” by Jimmy Burry. Professor Carrie Buchanan will present an overview of other topics covered by students who could not attend.

Session (L) Moderator:

“Mexicanidad:  The Identity and Immigrant Experience of Mexican Americans in Painesville, Ohio”
Lisa Hinnerichs, Graduate Student

This preliminary research conducted about Mexican immigrants explores the historical origins and current accounts of immigrants from Mexico currently residing in the Painesville, Ohio area.  The sociological analysis utilizing current media representation and interviews from the community offer insight into the collective immigrant experience.   Focusing on the the patterns of ethnic relations that the Mexican American community has encountered, this study aims to analyze the community’s relationship to the greater Cleveland area.

“Haze Over Ararat: The Correlation of Environmental and National Movements and Historical Circumstances in Soviet Armenia”
Pietro A. Shakarian,* Undergraduate; Maria N. Marsilli, Ph.D., History

This paper examines the correlation between environmental and political-national movements based upon the historical example of Soviet Armenia in the late 1980s. Armenian environmental movement flowered in the Soviet Union after leader Mikhail Gorbachev initiated his reforms of glasnost (political openness) and perestroika (economic restructuring). The research focuses on three major concerns by Armenian environmental activists: a) nuclear hazards, b) air pollution, and c) hydraulic resources. The historical development of these problems, as well as their impact on the local environmental movement, is carefully scrutinized using primary and secondary sources. The paper illustrates how environmental concerns transitioned into a more broad-based national movement and concludes by examining Armenian environmental movement during Armenia’s early years of independence from the Soviet Union.

“Homer on the Range”
Robert Haas, Alumnus

This talk [based on R. Haas, “Homer on the Range,” Classical World 104.2 (2011) 245-251] discusses Harry Brown’s The Stars in Their Courses, a well-crafted novel that recasts Homer’s Iliad in the form of a Western. (For instance, the book’s climax is a gunfight between Arch Eastmere [= Achilles] and Hallock [= Hector].) The novel can be a useful supplement in teaching, not only because of its dozens of plot and character parallels to Homer (tabulated in the article), but also because of its attractive “multimedia” features, which include photography, poetry, and nature writing that sets up nature as a modern equivalent for the Olympian gods.  Acknowledgments: Thanks to Dr. Donald M. Poduska, JCU Department of Classical and Modern Languages, for my first instruction in Greek and Homer; and thanks also to the JCU English Department’s short-lived but inspirational Academic Journal.

Session (M) PANEL: Anne Kugler, Ph.D., director, Center for Faculty Development

“Seventeenth Century Catholic Recusant Women”
Sarah Narkin, Undergraduate

In seventeenth century England, there were numerous social, legal and political pressures placed upon the English population in the hopes of ensuring religious conformity to the Church of England. English Catholics –both men and women- were thus faced with the choice of whether to openly declare their Catholicism or whether to conform. Recusant historians have argued that English women –more commonly than their male counterparts- chose the path of recusancy and received much public reprisal for doing so. Yet, in choosing recusancy, these women oftentimes –intentionally or unintentionally- became a very public and gendered subversive force. This paper explores and compares the writing and agency of three highly literate seventeenth century Catholic recusant women (Mary Ward, Elizabeth Cary, and Elizabeth Cellier) and demonstrates how all three women utilized their dual marginal position (as Catholics and as women)  to challenge patriarchal power and assert their right to partake in public dialogue.

“Religious After Image in Film: An Examination of Scorsese and Spielberg”
Alexa Schuele, Undergraduate

In his book “After Image” Richard Blake, S.J., explores universal themes of Catholicism that are present in films directed by Catholics. He attributes these themes to the director’s Catholic heritage and developed a model in order to draw out the director’s “after image” of faith. It is important to recognize that religious heritage of any kind is formative and affects the creative mind. This presentation investigates the above ideas of religious heritage using Blake’s model and philosophy and develops a similar model for Jewish film directors. After presenting the religious experiences of Catholic director Martin Scorsese, Blake’s model is applied to Scorsese’s 2010 film “Shutter Island.” Next is a similar section exploring the Jewish life of Steven Spielberg along with the application of the Jewish model on one of his films of similar genera to “Shutter Island.”  A comparison follows reinforcing the affecting power religious heritage has on director’s films.

“Finding God in all…Cinema?”
James Menkhaus, Faculty, Religious Studies

Theological reflection is often confined to philosophical analysis, but cinema can also convey deep theological messages that can be easily overlooked.  Whether it is the intention of the author/director/producer to communicate a religious dimension, or if it is an allegorical interpretation applied by the reader/viewer, such an analysis can bring forth a new understanding of God.  In my presentation I will discuss how cinema can convey a religious message or create a spiritual experience.  If St. Ignatius is correct, that God be found in all things, how are we to discern God’s presence as we view a non-religiously themed movie?

“Translating the Public Image of Queen Elizabeth I”
Alexandra Coley, Undergraduate

Traditional images of monarchy are centered around a king, and uses his body to convey a multitude of different messages to the people.  When Queen Elizabeth I ascended to the throne she had to change the traditional images to fit a female monarch.  Through her personal speeches, personal and state letters, and her portraiture she was able to create a public persona the effects of which continue to be felt today.  In her battles against these long standing beliefs about the image of the sovereign she was met with both success and failure that can be seen through the English people’s willingness to accept Elizabeth’s radically agenda.

Session (N) Moderator: Maria Marsilli, Ph.D., History

“The rise of Castro and the fall of Che. Comparing the revolutionary tactics of Modern Latin America’s two greatest guerilla fighters, and the results of their revolutions.”
Jennifer Monroe,* Undergraduate; Maria Marsilli, Ph.D., History

The power and influence of both Fidel Castro and Che Guevara during the mid 20th century changed the course of world history and the Latin American nations as a whole. The Cuban Revolution spawned an era of civil unrest among Latin American cultures and in the decade following Fidel Castro’s successful defeat of Fulgencio Batista’s regime, the idea of revolution was an eminent front. When Che implemented his revolution in Bolivia in 1966, he was fueled by the radical changes and the success he achieved in Cuba with Castro. Castro and Che’s bond raises the question; would Fidel still have been successful without the influence of Che, and would Che have still failed even with the help of Castro? This paper analyzes that question, and seeks to answer why Castro’s plan for revolution in Cuba and Che’s plan for revolution in Bolivia evoked two very different outcomes.

“Cyprian and the Ordinations of Aurelius and Celerinus”
Sam Amos,* Undergraduate; Thomas Nevin, Ph.D., Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures

In the year 251, in his place of exile during the Decian Persecution, Cyprian, the Christian bishop of Carthage, ordained two young men, Aurelius and Celerinus, as lectors. These ordinations were prompted by the political exigencies of the local church during the persecution (namely Cyprian’s need to placate the confessors and shore up support for himself among the clergy), and by his own personal feelings and theological views. They also fit into a trend of changing attitudes concerning the holiness of the church which was developing in North Africa from second to the fifth century. This paper will use the collection of Cyprian’s epistles as primary sources to examine the circumstances and results of the ordinations.

“An Experiential Learning Method In Undergraduate Marketing Education; Challenges And Opportunities For Service Design Based On Value Co-Creation”
Tina M. Facca, Ph.D., Management, Marketing and Logistics Department

This paper discusses an integrated approach to experiential learning in undergraduate marketing courses. Students in market analysis and marketing management courses worked in small groups (4-6) to co-create value for enhanced service design with stakeholders in nonprofit settings. Students were required to overcome challenges such as lack of end-user contact information, data collection constraints, and their own newness to applied statistics and analytical methods for strategic marketing. Ultimately their marketing skills yielded positive response and continued partnership with the nonprofit organizations served.

Session (O) Panel: “Arrupe Senior Projects”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., and Chris Kerr

Session (P) Panel: “East Asian Studies: Directions in Student Scholarship”
Moderator: Pam Mason, Ph.D., director, East Asian Studies Program and Associate Professor of Political Science

Rebecca Secula, Undergraduate

This presentation is on Chinese language learning and the summer language program, “China Voice,” at The Beijing Center for Chinese Studies, the Jesuit consortium program for undergraduate study abroad in Beijing, China.  Based upon direct experience in the JCU classroom and in the summer 2010 “China Voice” program, this presentation offers a first-hand account of what it is like to try to learn the language intensively and in the same country where it is spoken.  The presentation includes discussion of a self-designed excursion to Taishan Mountain, which was part of the “China Voice” program, and some of the history of the mountain.

“Japanese Note Cards with Unrestricted Possibilities”
Greg Gutmann, Undergraduate; Daniel Palmer, Ph.D., professor, Computer Science Department; Pamela Mason, Ph.D., Political Science

In the study of Japanese vocabulary, flash cards are one of the best methods for learning. It is easy to sort the cards and with just the flip of the card the word is learned. However, cards have many limitations, including the vast number needed and the time investment needed to make them. An even greater flaw is that traditional flash cards only have two sides, when three sides are needed for Japanese. This project, a digital flash card application, is intended to fix these problems. The digital flash card application reduces the time needed to make cards, solves the storage problem, and enhances learning by creating a 3D 2D object.

Roberto Santosdiaz, Undergraduate

This presentation by a double major in Economics and East Asian Studies discusses how the insights from each major inform the other.  It touches on the presenter’s senior research project on Korean political economy, as well as his study abroad and travel experiences in China and their influences on his education.

Session (Q) Moderator: Tracy Masterson, Ph.D., Psychology

“The Psychology of Autism Course: A Reflection of a New Special Topics Course at JCU”
Marie Alnadi, Anna Faist, Lindsey Flanick, and Jon Standish, Undergraduates

With rates of autistic spectrum disorders continuing to rise, undergraduate students represent a relatively untapped clinical resource for the autism community. Monies from John Carroll University were awarded to develop a new course designed to complement the well-established Autism Internship at the Cleveland Clinic Center for Autism.  The Psychology of Autism course is currently underway and has garnered strong student interest (with 34 students and a waiting list) beyond the students participating in the internship. This panel will provide an overview of the course structure (course content, guest speakers, experiential learning) and discuss the benefits of the education/training of students on issues related to autism spectrum disorders. Additionally, four students from each of the internship tracks (social skills, classroom, and research tracks) will briefly discuss their internship experiences and how it has enhanced their academic and career goals.

“Incorporation of Service Learning in Psychology Courses: A Mutually Beneficial Partnership”
Elizabeth Gardella, Seyma Saritoprak, and Carl Contrascier, Undergraduates

Service learning has been shown to enhance student learning in the classroom by providing students with opportunities to apply academic concepts to real-world settings. In addition to promoting academic learning goals, students are afforded the opportunity to help others in need and broaden their exposure to populations and settings that differ from their own life experiences. Research suggests that students benefit most from service learning experiences when encouraged to reflect on their experiences, thus students were required to maintain a service learning journal to document their experiences and incorporate their entries with class material. This panel will highlight ways in which service learning can be successfully incorporated into academic courses. Additionally, three students will briefly discuss their service learning placements (i.e., juvenile detention center) and discuss the ways in which they have grown intellectually and interpersonally through service learning.

Session (R) Panel:  “What is the IRB and what do they want from me?”
Moderator: Elizabeth Swenson, Ph.D., Psychology
Presenter: Catherine Anson, Sponsored Research

This presentation will provide a brief overview of the history of human research institutional review boards (IRBs) and will describe what types of projects fall under IRB jurisdiction. The basics of IRB review for exempt and expedited social, behavioral, and education research projects with be covered with emphasis placed on what the IRB looks for in reviewing applications and how researchers can improve the application for a quicker review process.

Session (S) Panel: “Fatima Center Needs Assessment: Qualitative Research”
Moderator: Penny Harris, Ph.D., Sociology and Criminology

Presenters: Elizabeth Castellano, Catherine Distelrath, Kristin McDonald, Madeline Presper, Allison Mora, Carmen Shorts, Juanita Padilla, Alicia Sovacool, Marissa Schultz, Dana Stratz, Mary Kate Traficano, Adrianna Farmer, Jacqueline Wyman, Lindsay Smetana, Hannah Ha, Undergraduates

In fall 2010, an advanced sociology class on poverty and welfare conducted a needs assessment for the Fatima Center in the Hough Neighborhood. The assessment focused on issues of community safety, economic development, older adult recreational activities, and enrichment programs for the youth. One group of students interviewed the seniors (N=14), another interviewed the community residents (N=10), and the last group interviewed the youth (N=9). The qualitative findings were then analyzed, by the themes that became apparent in each group and amongst all the groups, to assess how the Fatima Center addresses the needs. From the information gathered in the interviews, it can be concluded that the Fatima Center provides a beacon of hope in the community, where youth can find a safe haven from the lure of the streets, seniors find recreational programs and companionship, and community residents find a source of family and social support.

Session (T) Panel: “Violence and Victims: What are the Lessons to be Learned in the News”
Moderator: Nancy Taylor, Ph.D., Education and Allied Studies

Within the context of recent events portrayed in the media some important questions will be explored. What CAN the bystander do? Does prevention programming work? Can empathy be taught? Panel members will review the literature, present examples from programs they are implementing, and invite audience discussion about what each of us can do in our everyday lives.