A Celebration of Scholarship

2010 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Celebration 2010 Paper and Panel Abstracts

Except where noted, the paper and panel sessions will be held in the Dolan Science Center conference rooms (A202 and A203) on the second floor of the Atrium above the Donahue Auditorium.

Session (A): Moderator: John Day, Ph.D., Academic Vice President

(A.1) “The Ethics of Outsourcing on a Jesuit Campus”

Natalie Terry, Undergraduate; Paul Lauritzen, Ph.D., Director, Program in Applied Ethics

Catholic, Jesuit institutions base their mission on core Christian values such as compassion, diversity, faith, justice, and leadership. Many Jesuit institutions, including John Carroll University, choose to outsource their foodservice, cleaning service, and bookstore to outside corporations. Through the investigation of the social, historical, and political implications of the commodification of labor within John Carroll University this paper seeks to ask the question: Should the mission of Jesuit education provide or allow for outsourcing of services such as food service, cleaning service, and the bookstore?  In order to develop an ethics of outsourcing this paper presents the mission of Jesuit education as it applies to the outsourcing of labor through the works of Peter-Hans Kolvenbach and Pedro Arrupe and through the human experiences of employees of outside companies who work on the John Carroll University campus.

(A.2) “The Catholic After Image of Martin Scorsese’s Shutter Island”

James Menkhaus, part-time Faculty, Religious Studies Department

In Richard Blake’s After Image he writes that one can unearth traces of a Catholic “afterimage” within the films of certain American Catholic directors.  Blake writes about one director he considers, Martin Scorsese, stating, “[Scorsese’s] Catholic imagination…influences not only the surface of his work, but penetrates to the very core of his thought and sensibility, shaping the way he perceives the world…”  My presentation will apply Blake’s description to Scorsese’s newest film, Shutter Island, and will discuss to what extent the director’s Catholic afterimage is detectable within the film.  The conclusion will highlight these Catholic elements in light of other films directed by Martin Scorsese.

(A.3) “The Mystery of the Incunabulum”

Charles Zarobila, Ph.D., Curator of Special Collections, Grasselli Library

Sometimes, if it is lucky, a Special Collections department of a university library has a few books that are mysteries.  The accidents of history cause some books to be missing whole parts, title pages, or or other conventions that identify such books with certainty.  Then it becomes the task of a curator or librarian to try to find out just exactly what the book is and what it might be worth.  The mystery deepens if the book happens to be printed in a classical language, such as Latin or Greek.  This presentation will show how the Curator of Special Collections at the Grasselli Library found such a book and followed its clues to discover the identity of a rare and valuable early printed book called an “incunabulum,” or “book in the cradle.”

Session (B) PANEL: “Making the JCU Community Healthier:  Results from 2009 Survey and Interview Research”
Moderator: Susan Long, Ph.D., Sociology and Criminology

Susan Long (Faculty), Mary Benson, Lauren Bianchi, Chelsea Getts, Katherine Pollock, Alicia Sovocool (Undergraduate Students); Department of Sociology

This panel presents the results of research in fall semester 2009 investigating obstacles to health in the John Carroll Community based on a campus-wide survey and interviews with key individuals responsible for various aspects of public health at John Carroll. The main problems identified through analysis of this data are: obesity, environmental health, mental health, alcohol and drug abuse, sexual health, and physical fitness. We will present our methodology, survey and interview results, and comparative national data, followed by recommendations for improving the health of the community in these targeted areas.

“A Study of Birth Across Cultures”

Theresa Prabucki, Undergraduate; Susan Long, Faculty Sponsor

The aim of this project is to explore cultural variations in preferences, expectations, and practices with regard to childbirth in northeast Ohio.  I am especially interested in the use of technology during the birthing process.  I will interview midwives and others who have had a significant amount of professional experience helping women to give birth, and I will supplement these interviews with current literature pertaining to birth practices both in the U.S. and throughout the world.  While this will be a preliminary report of my findings, I expect that women’s varying backgrounds will have a deep impact on their preferences and experiences giving birth.  I also expect that the increased use of technology in recent years will have both positive and detrimental effects on pregnant women.

Session (C) Moderator: Jan Larsen, Ph.D., Psychology

(C.1) “A sin tax on bottled water to save public drinking water”

Jamie Ott, Undergraduate; Michael Martin, Ph.D., Department of Biology; Andrew Welki, Ph.D., Department of Economics

Recent reports by the EPA and other independent organizations have illuminated the need to rehabilitate the public water infrastructure in the United States. Cost estimates reach upwards of $250 billion over the next twenty years, and the Congressional Budget Office has stated that federal allocations will not be sufficient to meet the demand. In 2008, Americans bought $12 million of bottled water, largely from fear of contaminated tap water. However, studies show that bottled water is no safer than public. Recent studies suggest that a small per-ounce tax on sugary beverages can reduce consumption and raise large tax revenues. Similarly, I propose a federal excise tax on bottled water to raise the funds needed to repair our public water system, and reduce the pollution caused by the bottled water industry. I will use regression analysis of industry data to predict the reduction in consumption and potential revenues from such a tax.

(C.2) “International Monetary Lending and Trade Involvement”

Christopher Axelrod, Undergraduate

There a few statistical analyses focused primarily on the effect of international monetary institutions on economic and human growth. This study specifically examines the effect of the World Bank and World Trade Organization on economic and human development, while controlling for various socio-economic and political variables. The results of the study illustrated a weak inverse relationship between the amount of disbursed loans from the World Bank and economic and human development. There was a moderately weak positive relationship between level of trade involvement and economic and human development. The control variables, trade as a percentage of gross domestic product, mean education level and perceived political corruption, had the strongest effect on economic and human development. Such results demonstrate the need for a reassessment of international monetary lending and trade development policy

Session D Moderator: Elizabeth Stiles, Ph.D., Political Science

(D.1) “El Salvador, Then and Now”

Kristen Kolenz, Lisa Formanik, Undergraduate Students; Paul Lauritzen, Ph.D., Program in Applied Ethics; Rev. Tom Schubeck, Religious Studies.

During fall 2009, Father Thomas Schubeck (Religious Studies), Dr. Dwight Hahn (Political Studies) and Dr. Lawrence Cima (Economics) team-taught a course entitled “The Struggle for Justice in El Salvador”.  This course was offered especially to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Jesuit martyrs, their housekeeper, and her daughter at the Universidad Centroamericana (UCA).  Through generous grants from the Program in Applied Ethics and the Center for Global Education, students in the class Kristen Kolenz ’12 and Lisa Formanik ’10 were afforded the opportunity to accompany Fr. Schubeck and Dr. John Ropar to El Salvador to witness the celebration and the lasting impact these individuals have had on various communities.  They will be sharing their experience as well as offering an overview of pertinent current affairs.

(D.2) “Intersexuality and Biopower: The Deconstruction of Gender/Sex Binaries”

Maggie Antonelli, Undergraduate; Mariana Ortega, Ph.D., Philosophy Department; Mindy Peden, Ph.D., Political Science Department

Sex and gender, as currently conceptualized, are constituted by categories of male/masculine and female/feminine.  As research uncovers the reality of Intersexuality it is becoming increasingly clear that two fixed categories are not enough.  Furthermore, these categories may not be as fixed as previously assumed.  Intersexuality describes the very real phenomenon of any individual whose sex organs do not match ‘typical’ males and females.  This ranges from true hermaphroditism (born with both one ovary and one testis) to an individual that is chromosomally male (XY) but is born with a smaller than average phallus.  After illuminating the regulatory nuances of Intersexuality, this paper will explore the possibilities of reconceptualizing Intersexuality as a differing norm, rather than a deviance.  Once Foucault’s theory of Biopower has helped to explain this, the paper will seek to answer the question of how to break the binary and create a more fluid conception of sex and gender.

(D.3) “Determinants of Innovative Capability of A Nation”

Simran K. Kahai, Ph.D., Economics and Finance; Tejinder S. Sara, Ph.D., Tuskegee University

The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the factors that are important in determining the innovative capability of a country. This paper also discusses the role of innovative capability in growth of a country. We used data from one hundred and twenty one countries to determine how innovative capability is affected by the eight independent variables. Our analysis came to the conclusion that innovative capability of a country is most significantly affected by the quality of public institutions, quality of business networks and supporting industries, and flexibility in the labor markets of a country.

Session (E) PANEL: “Creative Writing in the World: Reflecting on Service Learning”
Moderator: Philip Metres, Ph.D., English

This panel, emerging from a creative writing assignment for the fall 2009 Introduction to Creative Writing (Dr. Philip Metres), features four student presentations, based on their essays reflecting on their service learning—with the aged, the terminally ill, and the developmentally challenged.  These writers explore how their various encounters opened windows not only into the lives of people whose challenges are quite different from their own, but also into their own lives and relationships.

(E.1) Joey Kim, Undergraduate
I will discuss my service at Montefiore, a senior living community in Beachwood, Ohio and read from my creative essay, “Swallow,” a product of my relationship with a married couple who reside at Montefiore.  Over the course of the semester, I visited them weekly, getting to know them and their histories, writing about my time with them in journal entries.  Our creative pieces were meant to help us reflect on our service projects as well as to learn how to apply our writing skills to a real-life situation.  The experience with this couple surprised and enlightened me in many ways, enabling me to see their lives as both like and unlike my own, and how the experience of their long love and aging both enchanted and scared me.

(E.2) Kara Krawiec, Undergraduate
I will reflect on volunteering at Montefiore nursing home, in which I visited with the residents over the course of the semester.  Through this experience, I saw uncanny parallels between the world inside the nursing home and that outside it. After a few weeks of visits and three journal entries, I wrote “Immobilized Dancing,” my final essay.  In it, I focus on how the service learning project forced me to look at my own life—and more importantly, what is to become of it. I couldn’t help but see flickers of my grandparents in each of the people we met in Montefiore, but at the same time, there was an irrevocable difference—they were still in the outside world. Through this experience I was able to gain a new perspective through interaction, reflection and my own writing on a lifestyle with which I was previously completely unfamiliar.

(E.3) Sarah Miller, Undergraduate
I will explore my work with the Family Hospice and Palliative Care Center in Pittsburgh which provides care and counseling to patients with life-limiting illnesses.  I chose to volunteer in the “Legacy” section of the “Quality of Life Program,” in which patients work with Hospice employees and volunteers to record through either audio, video or writing, their life stories.  I worked with a 92-year-old World War II vet in the final stages of pulmonary fibrosis.  Visiting with him, I have been able to develop a relationship and learn about his fascinating life.  I will read from my final essay, which explores and reflects on our interaction, and how this service relates to my own experience of loving and losing my grandfather.

(E.4) Lydia Munnell, Undergraduate
My presentation will focus on seven weeks’ worth of volunteer work at Cleveland’s L’arche Community, a family-type environment for adults with intellectual disabilities. L’arche strives for practicality and relationship rather than formality; as a place where people feel they can be their truest selves, it was all the more conducive not only to forming relationships, but also to the writing process. My talk will include selected journal entries and “Hello . . . You,” an essay about recognition and relationship in Cleveland’s L’arche environment.  Finally, I will discuss the ways in which my experience at L’arche Community not only gave me valuable encounters with individuals as different from one another as they were from me, but also helped to develop me as a writer—compelling me to put great stock in even the smallest mannerisms, conversations, and expressions.

Session (F) Moderator: Brenda Wirkus, Ph.D., Philosophy

(F.1) “Orwell’s Animal Farm and Picasso’s Guernica: The Union of Allegory and Modernism”

Mike Piero, Graduate Assistant, Department of English

According to T. S. Eliot, and other like-minded artists, true art should transcend the everyday politics and personal emotions that flood one’s present experience. This conception of art would inherently resist the use of allegory, which points to something outside the text, that is, something political. For this reason, the modernists shun George Orwell’s Animal Farm (1945) for being too political and simply written. It is interesting, therefore, to compare and contrast Orwell’s allegorical novel to Pablo Picasso’s Guernica (1937), which was created in reaction to a bombing in the Spanish Civil War. According to Picasso, he used allegory for “a deliberate appeal to people, a deliberate sense of propaganda.” This paper will discuss Picasso’s conception and use of allegory in Guernica as compared to Orwell’s use of the same in order to argue that propaganda art does not need to subordinate itself to politics, even within modernism.\

(F.2) “Meret Oppenheim’s Transformation: Subject to Signifier”

Sarah Barchick, Undergraduate; Art History Department

Meret Oppenheim’s work generates discussion concerning gender issues. Oppenheim transforms herself from the subject of the viewer’s gaze into the signifier placing this objectification upon her creation of the Surrealist object. This transformation will be discussed in regards to Man Ray’s Portrait of Meret Oppenheim (1933, photograph), in which Oppenheim willingly submits herself to being objectified as a nude figure and also references woman’s ability to reproduce. Oppenheim’s (1963, fur covered cup, saucer, and spoon) questions stereotypical notions of masculine and feminine social roles. Her Corpse in a Boat (1963, pencil and gouache on board) comments on woman’s simultaneous connection and vulnerability to nature. Oppenheim’s My Nurse (1937, Metal platter, shoes, string, paper) discusses expectations society holds for women in relation to fashion and domesticity. This paper presents evidence of Oppenheim’s transformation and suggests her work as being motivated by her own struggle as a female artist.

(F.3) CANCELLED “Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Marriage: An Examination of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Allied College Populations and General College Populations”

Candice Markle, M. Ellen Matthews, Lora Zoller, Graduate Students, Community Counseling Program; Yi Shang, Ph.D., Department of Education and Allied Studies

Studies have been conducted on the opinions of heterosexuals’ attitudes toward same-sex marriage, but little data has been compiled on the attitudes of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals on this topic. If same-sex marriage is desired by LGB individuals, what individual rights and issues are most important? How do these attitudes compare to heterosexual attitudes?

Session (G) Moderator: Peter Kvidera, Ph.D., Associate Dean, Arts and Sciences

(G.1) “Examining the Strategic Planning Process in a Catholic Grade School”

Lisa Shoaf, Ph.D.; Linda Quinn, Ph.D.; and Nikki Modarelli

The Catholic elementary school in this study is similar to many in serving their mission and needs of their students.  This parish school is in the beginning of many changes implemented by a new pastor.  His goals were (1) to invite as many parents to become involved in the school, (2) in collaboration with the principal and faculty, assist in developing the mission and vision for the school over the next five to seven years, and (3) develop a model of shared leadership between administration, teachers and parents that will result in better communications, increased involvement, and ultimately excellence in Catholic education. The purpose of the study extends the research commissioned by the National Catholic Educational Association by examining the leadership necessary to create change and accommodate the growing needs of children attending a Catholic school in a suburban setting.

(G.2) “Balancing Beliefs, Behaviors, and a Baby: How women decide on maternity leave length”

Medora W. Barnes, Ph.D., Department of Sociology and Criminology

This research examines the nuanced and interacting forces that shape a woman’s decision of how long a maternity leave to request. Some of the explanations women give for returning to work quickly include financial reasons, informal pressure from employers, and the role of work in shaping their identity and personal happiness.  Factors that encourage women to stay home include an unequal division of household labor, a spouse who works long hours, and a belief in the preeminence of the mother-child bond.  The research is based on in-depth interviews, which were part of a longitudinal study of sixteen dual-earner couples during the transition to parenthood.  All the women in this study were working as public school teachers during their participation and had access to extended family leave.

Session (H) Moderator: Ruth Fenske, Ph.D., Grasselli Library

(H.1) “Entomology: Collecting and Pinning Insects”

Jillian Landon, Undergraduate, Department of Biology

Entomologist, scientists that study of the behavior of insects, when conducting field research have the complicated process of catching, pinning and identifying insects. To collect insects, special cages and nets are used to ensure the proper capture of insects without damage. Once these insects are captured they are then either killed and pinned for reference or kept alive for observation. Insects that are collected for pinning are killed and stored to ensure that the insect will not be damaged during the pinning process. When pinning an insect certain pins are used based on the size of the insect. Whether the insect is a butterfly or a beetle determines the pinning process that is used along with the placement of the pin through the insect’s body. Once these insects have been pinned they are then identified and placed inside a case with a label as a reference for scientist.

(H.2) “Predicting Student Of Color Persistence: A Conceptual Model Using Student, Institutional, And Environmental Characteristics”

Diane T. Campbell, Ph.D., Assistant Dean, College of Arts and Sciences; Tom Short, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

This was a longitudinal study that examined the predictive power of student, institutional, and environmental characteristics on the persistence of students of color. The study used the Higher Educational Research Institute’s CIRP survey data to build a conceptual model that integrated constructs from Tinto, Astin, and Bean’s theories of student, institutional, and environmental constructs, and demonstrated the interplay of factors between the constructs and their influence on persistence. We used logistic regression methods to model and predict student persistence. The found that other variables may prove to be more statistically significant in predicting persistence of students of color than traditional variables (i.e. high school GPA, standardized test scores. As evidenced by this study, students’ goals, involvement in campus activities such as student government, emotional health, parents marital status, and merit scholarships are all indicators of a student’s chance of persisting through or departing from an institution.

Session (I) Panel: “Virtual Learning Moments: Using Second Life as a Second Classroom”
Moderator: Daniel Palmer, Ph.D., Mathematics and Computer Science
Dolan Science Center, Dolan E 243 [Note Room Change]

The virtual world of Second Life has many varied opportunities for augmenting the classroom experience.  Everything from virtual class trips to after hours office hours, to remote testing can be accomplished within Second Life.  Dr. Daniel Palmer will present his experience with using Second Life in the FYS classroom, as a virtual laboratory, and give a tour of the virtual Celebration of Scholarship poster session.

Session (J) Panel: “Partners in Pedagogy: The Praxis of Service Learning”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., and Tracee Patterson, Center for Service and Social Action

The Center for Service and Social Action (CSSA) was established at John Carroll University in 1992 and dedicated to “meeting real community needs, especially the needs of the most vulnerable members of our neighborhoods.” Since that time, members of the JCU community have contributed thousands of hours of service to local not-for-profit groups, social service organizations, and faith-based institutions.  As service learning has gained national recognition as a high impact pedagogy-and as it continues to grow in popularity as a preferred method of learning among college students-the Center has expanded its support of faculty initiatives and student interest while retaining its mission-centered focus. This panel will examine the practice, benefits, and challenges of service learning through the lens of both learners and educators, and explore the potential of teaching and learning in partnership with the Cleveland community

Session (K) Moderator: Sheila McGinn, Ph.D., Religious Studies

(K.1) “Consuming All-Inclusive Resorts: Fantasy, Reality, & Nightmare”

Joe Merry, Undergraduate; Wendy Wiedenhoft, Ph.D., Department of Sociology and Criminology

In this study I seek to relate all-inclusive resorts to the new means of consumption articulated by Ritzer (1999) as particular settings which enable and encourage visitors to consume a great multitude of things. I examine all-inclusive resorts as a unique crossroads of both tourism and consumption. Utilizing existing theories, my own observations, and on-site interviews I have constructed a framework based on the concepts of fantasy, reality, and nightmare. Analysis through these respective lenses reveals ways in which consumers are continuously captivated by the fantastic and subsequently disenchanted by the reality behind fantastical productions. One step further and it becomes clear that existence of a postmodern nightmare is not so incredulous. All-inclusive resorts prove to be a paradigmatic setting of the new means of consumption. Furthermore, they exhibit unrivaled qualities, eponymous to the all-inclusive resort industry, which are increasingly becoming a presence in our society.

(K.2) “Exploration of Women and Cosmopolitanism in the Victorian Novel: Charlotte Brontë’s Villette, Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Aurora Leigh, and George Eliot’s Middlemarch”

Megan McGinnity, Undergraduate; John McBratney, Ph.D., Professor, English Department

During the Victorian Age, English citizens experienced changes, mainly due to the Industrial Revolution. The Empire’s expansion made travel more appealing and accessible. The availability of travel prompted Victorians to stop focusing solely on their native land, the near. People began to emphasize other foreign cultures, the far. Therefore, some Victorians detached themselves from their culture and mediated between the national and the foreign, making them “citizens of the world,” or cosmopolitans. Did Victorian men only engage in cosmopolitanism? This age is also identified with separate sphere ideology. Consequently, men contributed to the public sphere, while women remained in the home. Not all Victorian women, however, were restricted to this domestic sphere. Several women authors engaged in cosmopolitanism in their own lives and literature. The following presentation will discuss how Brontë’s Villette, Barrett Browning’s Aurora Leigh, and Eliot’s Middlemarch are cosmopolitan explorations that attempt to liberate women from gender limitations.

(K.3) “The Significance of Erfurt 1 with regard to Augustine’s Thought on Perpetua and Felicitas”

Patrick V. Neff, Undergraduate; Advisor: Thomas R. Nevin, Ph.D.,; Department: Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures

In 2007, a twelfth century codex, containing six previously unknown sermons of St. Augustine of Hippo, was discovered in the research library at Erfurt, Germany. These six sermons became known as the Erfurt Sermons, and the first of these, Erfurt Sermon 1, commemorates the third century African martyrs, Perpetua and Felicitas, whose martyrdom is recorded in a third century Latin text of unknown authorship, The Passion of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas. Recent scholarship has suggested that Perpetua and Felicitas may have been associated with the heretical sect, Montanism. Erfurt Sermon 1 sheds new light on Augustine’s views of Perpetua and Felicitas and the text which memorializes them. This paper compares the text of Erfurt Sermon 1 to other sermons of Augustine concerning Perpetua and Felictas in order to understand better Augustine’s thought on these now controversial martyrs.

Session (L) Moderator: James Krukones, Ph.D., Associate Academic Vice President

(L.1) “Moral Development in El Salvador: An Analysis of Hydroelectricity”

Mark Bartholet, Graduate Student; Rev. Tom Schubeck, Department of Religious Studies

In 2009, on a student trip to Chalatenango, El Salvador, my students observed a protest of the building of hydroelectric dams.  The protest led our group to wonder if dams were good or bad for the poor and, further, what types of energy development would be most beneficial in El Salvador.  In an attempt to answer their questions, this paper, using the theology of Pope Benedict XVI from Caritas in veritate, examines the current model for development in El Salvador.  After proposing a bio-physical adaptation to El Salvador’s current model, the paper examines how relying on hydroelectric power will hinder economic growth, permanently damage the environment, and negatively affect the lives of the poor.  The paper concludes by suggesting an alternate path for energy development in El Salvador that is based in science, economics, and sound ethics.

(L.2) “The Others”:  Neither Recusants Nor Protestants:  The Principles of the Henrician Catholic Bishops

Sara Lynn Gafford, Graduate Student

In the traditional historiography, Catholic historians have been unsure how to treat the conforming English bishops under King Henry VIII.  Of the sixty-nine bishops on the bench at the time of the 1534 Act of Supremacy, which acknowledge the King to be “the Supreme Head of the Church of England,” only one ultimately refused the required oaths.  For his refusal, Bishop (Cardinal) John Fisher paid with his life.  Yet how are historians to understand the remaining sixty-eight bishops who swore the oath in support of the royal supremacy?  Must they conclude that these men were spineless politiques, more concerned with the things of this world than the things of God?  Did they sacrifice their convictions in order to save their lives and advance their careers?  The evidence suggests otherwise.

(L.3) “Drawing Lines in Syria”

Bridget Ludwa, Graduate Student

Early Christianity did not develop in a vacuum; cultural differences throughout the Roman Empire influenced how Christianity grew in various regions of the Empire. The region of Syria had a significant Jewish population; many Christians clung to Jewish tradition as a part of their belief in Jesus.  These Christians drew negative criticism from local leaders starting as early as the second century.  This phenomenon did not quietly pass into oblivion, but drew extreme criticism even into the fourth century.  This violent, but verbal, attention would become physical in the destruction of a synagogue in 388 CE.  I argue that Christian separation from Judaism did not occur immediately, and that Jewish tradition pervaded Christian identity even into the fourth century.  Secondly, I connect the synagogue destruction with the newly elevated status of Orthodox bishops, and not Christian hatred of Jews.

Session (M) Panel: Autism Internship
Moderator: Tracy Masterson, Ph.D., Psychology

(M.1) “Incorporation of Service Learning in Psychology Courses: A Mutually Beneficial Partnership”

Tracy Masterson, Ph.D. (faculty), Matthew Taylor (undergraduate), Cassandra Brown (undergraduate), and Nicole Rider (undergraduate), Department of Psychology

Service learning has been shown to enhance student learning in the classroom by providing students with opportunities to apply academic concepts to real-world settings. In addition to promoting academic learning goals, students are afforded the opportunity to help others in need and broaden their exposure to populations and settings that differ from their own life experiences. Research suggests that students benefit most from service learning experiences when encouraged to reflect on their experiences, thus students were required to maintain a service learning journal to document their experiences and incorporate their entries with class material. This panel will highlight ways in which service learning can be successfully incorporated into academic courses. Additionally, three students will briefly discuss their service learning placements (i.e., juvenile detention center, a family center, and a community service center for individuals with disabilities) and discuss the ways in which they have grown intellectually and interpersonally through service learning.

(M.2)  “Undergraduate Internship at the Cleveland Clinic Center for Autism: Benefits to JCU Students”

Tracy Masterson, Ph.D. (faculty), Emily Ferron (undergraduate), Tyler Bond (undergraduate), and Lindsey Gandolf (undergraduate); Department of Psychology

Undergraduate internships have the capacity to mutually benefit students, institutions of higher learning, and community organizations. Internships bestow significant advantages for graduating students seeking employment or entrance into graduate school, particularly in a troubled economy. Also, with rates of autistic spectrum disorders continuing to rise, undergraduate students represent a relatively untapped clinical resource for the autism community. Collaboration between an autism center and a university has the potential to mutually benefit multiple parties and can meet the growing needs of the autism and higher education communities. This panel will provide an overview of the Undergraduate Internship in Autism Spectrum Disorders at the JCU and discuss the benefits of the partnership for students and the university at large. Additionally, three students from each of the internship tracks (social skills, classroom, and research tracks) will briefly discuss their internship experiences and how it has enhanced their academic and career goals.

Session (N) Panel: “Brendan Manor Program Evaluation: Qualitative Community-based Research”
Moderator: Phyllis Braudy Harris, Ph.D., Department of Sociology and Criminology

Abby Burns, Audra Distefano, Kathleen Fibbi, Katherine Funk, Chelsea Getts, Sarajane Kukawaka, Anastasia Mitchell, Lauren Rich, Clarissa Sarsama, Dylan Schroeder, Lauren Singley, Kaitryn Snider, Nikita Stange, Bridgit Wyrock, undergraduates; Phyllis Braudy Harris, Ph.D., Department of Sociology and Criminology.

In fall 2009, Dr. Harris’ course “Poverty, Social Justice and Welfare in the U.S.” conducted an evaluation of Brendan Manor, an adult group home that provides residential and support services to individuals with mental health needs. This evaluation was used to assess the program effectiveness. One group of students interviewed the staff (N=4), another interviewed community volunteers (N=5), and the last group interviewed the residents (N=9). The qualitative findings were then analyzed by common themes and evaluated against the program’s stated goals. From the information gathered from the interviews, it appeared that Brendan Manor met its goals.

Session (O) Panel: “Six Contemporary Catholics: Jim Caviezel, Steven Colbert, Mary Ann Glendon, Anne Rice, Tim Russert, & Tim Shriver”
Moderator: Mark Bartholet, Graduate Student
Dolan Science Center, E241 [Note Room Change]

Panelists: Ian Bailey, Trevor Burke, Patricia Mariano, Gabby Ruchames, Matt Loya & Michael Carano; Faculty Advisor: Doris Donnelly

From our Contemporary Catholic Theology class, each of us focused on one person (out of a list of 24) who considered him/herself a Catholic. We researched the involvement of each in Catholicism: what they may have said and written about their faith, what questions or issues (if any) they had about their faith, how their faith influenced their decisions, how their faith shaped their lives. Ian Bailey will present the actor Jim Caviezel; Trevor Burke will present Steven Colbert; Patricia Mariano will present Mary Ann Glendon, a professor at the Harvard Law School who has recently served as US Ambassador to the Vatican; Gabby Ruchames will present Anne Rice, an author of several books on vampires; Matt Loya will present Tim Russert; and Michael Carano, will present the story of Tim Shriver, who is now of the Special Olympics after the death of his mother Eunice Shriver, JFK’s sister.

Session (P) Panel: “Student Research on Yucatán’s Society, Economics, and Ecology”
Moderator: María N. Marsilli, Ph.D., History

(P.1) Catherine Distelrath, “Expatriates in Mérida City”
(P.2) Carolyn Ellis, “Micro-Finances in Mexico and Yucatán,”
(P.3) Heidi Mathiott “Ecology of the Yucatán’s Cenotes”
(P.4) Heather Rosenberger “Continuity and Change in Yucatecan Culture”

Students will present their research on the society, economics, and ecology of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico).  Students were initially introduced to the cultural and biological complexities of the area during a study trip (January 4-16, 2010,) organized and sponsored by John Carroll Honors Program and the Latin American and Latino Studies Concentration.  After identifying their areas of interest during the trip, they engaged in a semester-long research under the guidance of specific faculty.

Session (Q) PANEL:  “Creativity, Innovation, Invention and Idea Development”
Moderator: Jackie Schmidt, Ph.D., Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts

Current and past students from the ER101 Creativity, Innovation and Invention and ER102 Idea Development, the first courses in the new interdisciplinary entrepreneurial minor will share their independent project work, showcasing the insights and applications that they envision for their academic and professional lives. In the courses, students were exposed to concepts about the development of an individual’s creative thinking and problem-solving skills. Using a variety of techniques such as Michael Michalko’s SCAMPER® method of idea stimulation, Buzan’s Mind Mapping, perspective shifting, word chains, and  lateral thinking techniques students examined diverse ways to generate, visualize, structure and classify ideas for study, organization, problem-solving, decision-making and  presentation for both business and social entrepreneurial goals. Group processes were then explored as a means of generating more and higher quality ideas, inventions and innovations in the arts, sciences, and business.

Session (R) Panel: “Issues in Italian Literature”
Moderator: Santa Casciani, Ph.D., Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures

(R.1) “A Journey In and Out of Color: Narrative Techniques in C. E. Gadda’s That Awful Mess on Merulana Street”

Chelsea VanBergen (undergraduate student)

Carlo Emilio Gadda (1893-1973) is known for his innovative writing style. His novel, That Awful Mess on Merulana Street (1957), is based on the investigations on two crimes perpetrated in the same building in Rome. Throughout the novel‑set in 1927‑Gadda describes and analyzes the effects of the newborn Fascist regime on the city and the population. This paper analyzes a characteristic of the author’s narrative technique: the ability to engage the reader, who almost feels standing next to the characters. The presentation will focus on a specific passage: the description of the murder of a rich Roman lady, Liliana Balducci; Gadda depicts this scene with a color scheme that the reader can observe changing from the vivid tones of a sunny spring morning in Rome, into the black and white atmosphere of the apartment where the assassination took place. The only detail retaining its original color is the blood coming from Liliana’s body.

(R.2) “A New Approach to an Old Question: on the Structure of A. Manzoni’s I Promessi Sposi”

Luigi G. Ferri, Ph.D., Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures

The Italian novel I Promessi Sposi (1840) by Alessandro Manzoni is known for the complexity of its structure, due to its articulated narrative development containing several digressions, like biographical episodes of characters, lengthy historical inserts, etc. In time, scholars have proposed possible interpretations of the novel’s structure, based on the system of characters and their interactions. This paper engages in this critical debate, proposing a different approach to the question, based on the analysis of the illustration embellishing the title page of the 1840 edition of the novel. This illustration, obtained from an original drawing by the painter Francesco Gonin, can be seen as a metaphorical representation of the narrative structure developed by Manzoni, and offers a possible interpretation of the relationship existing among the characters depicted in it.

Session (S) PANEL: “Innovative Solutions for Retreat Centers”
Moderator: Mark Waner, Ph.D., Center for Faculty Development

Saryyeva, Maya, White, Kelly; Zhou, Xiaoyan: Graduate students; Nonprofit Administration Program; Elizabeth Stiles, Ph.D., Department of Political Science, Nonprofit Administration Program Director

There exists a need to address the narrowing gap between the clergy and laity. Some retreat centers and their leaders are relinquishing managerial control to lay leadership through programming and marketing solutions, while others refuse to take proactive measures to stifle the declining numbers of attendees and participants. Retreat centers are nonprofit organizations by nature, and they will have to adjust to the growing demands of the future, be it through programming, outreach, or awareness campaigns. This project represents one step further, towards a better understanding of retreat centers across the country. As retreat centers move to close the gap between the clergy and the laity, they will need to use their programming, marketing, strategic planning, collaborations, and evaluation tools to successfully accomplish this shift and develop leaders for the future.

Funded by the Institute of Catholic Studies and the Nonprofit Administration Program at John Carroll University.

Session (T) Panel: “”Inspiring leaders to excel: An Ignatian approach to student leadership development at John Carroll”
Moderator: Kathleen Lis Dean, Ph.D., Student Development and Assessment

Session (U) Panel: “Creating Lives of Meaning”
Moderators: Peggy Finucane, Ph.D., Center for Social and Service Action and Mark Waner, Ph.D., Center for Faculty Development

Panelists: Michele Scott Taylor, Ph.D.; Nancy Taylor, Ph.D.

In our busiest moments, there is a tendency to neglect taking time to reflect on our work and its meaning in our lives. Building on a successful pilot of a book discussion in Fall 2009, we offer faculty, staff, and administrators the opportunity to reflect on their own vocation and share that discernment experience with others. Using a brief common reading, we will facilitate a discussion about how we lead lives that matter.  Not only is this for our own personal enrichment, but we hope will serve as a first step toward reframing how we assist students on their own journey.

Session (V) Moderator: Nicholas Santilli, Ph.D., Associate Academic Vice President

(V.1) “Regulating Soil and Water Conservation in Cuyahoga County”
Katie Kavulic, Undergraduate

Cuyahoga County is one of the most urbanized counties in Ohio, therefore, there is a great deal of pollution that must be dealt with. By EPA regulations, soil and water must be conserved and cared for in every county in Ohio in order to keep the ecosystem healthy.  Every time a homeowner washes a car, leaves pet waste on the lawn, or even pours motor oil down the storm drain, our water supply becomes more polluted. My work experience this summer at the Soil and Water Conservation District, I had opportunities to work with environmental protection in terms of clean water and soil conservation. Throughout this presentation, the terms of Environmental Protection Agency regulations on soil and water conservation in Cuyahoga County will be discussed with an emphasis on clean water and the public’s role in natural resource protection.

(V.2) “Catholic University Students and the Connection between Religion, Contraception, and Personal Beliefs- Understanding the Importance of Various Factors in Helping Students Make Decisions about Contraception in Their Lives”

Nikita Stange, Undergraduate; Duane Dukes, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology

The Catholic Church has made very clear their beliefs about what is acceptable contraceptive behavior.  Given that John Carroll University is a Catholic University, one might assume that students would in fact follow all the beliefs of Catholic teachings.  However, research has shown that other factors (other than religion) prove to be just as important if not more important in helping young people make decisions about their lives.  Research suggests that in fact, personal beliefs are more important in helping young people make decisions in their lives than religion does, even if they attend a religious University.  This paper presents a study of John Carroll University students about their beliefs on contraception.  The study was conducted over the fall semester 2009, and provides insight on the beliefs about acceptability of contraception at a Catholic University.

Session (W) Moderator: Duane Dukes, Ph.D., Sociology and Criminology

(W.1) “Ethics and Modernity: The Reconceptualization of Western Morality”

Jane E. Killian, Undergraduate; Dianna Taylor, Ph.D., Professor, The Philosophy Department

In the wake of the Holocaust, the West exclaimed “never again.”  Never again would one group of people terrorize, dehumanize, and slaughter another.  However, the conditions which gave rise to the Holocaust continue to characterize Western societies.  One of the most instrumental conditions that enabled the Holocaust was the inculcation of universal codified ethics.  In theory, this modern ethic should have prevented or inhibited such an event.  I begin by identifying what is problematic with enlightened, universal, codified ethics (as seen in Immanuel Kant). Next, I analyze specific events since World War II and argue that these examples are derived from the same sort of conditions.  Finally, the remainder of my work is an exercise in reconceptualizing the static, universal ethics of the West in order to uphold human dignity and to prevent human suffering.

(W.2) “Where Black Meets Queer”:  The Intersection of Race and Sexuality in Popular American Culture

James W Rudyk Jr, Undergraduate

Both non-whites and non-heterosexuals have occupied a similar status of other, different, deviant, or unworthy. This construction has worked to reinforce the cultural norm of the white heterosexual as the standard. My aim is to further examine the critical juncture of race and sexuality and how these two “minority” statuses collide, coalesce, confront, combine, and form a sort of enigmatic identity. I will examine this identity through the specific experience of black gay men. Black queer men have traditionally been ousted from the black community and considered inferior, un-black or effeminate. Similarly, they have been distanced from the queer community as animalistic, imposters, and thugs. It is my hope through detailing the intersection of queerness and blackness through the black male experience that I will further elucidate the complicated and complex process of identity formation and group identity.