A Celebration of Scholarship

2008 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Celebration 2008 Paper & Panel Abstracts

Note: This list incomplete

Session A Moderator: Dr. David La Guardia

(A.1) “Golden Touch:  Use of Gold in Illuminated Manuscripts”
Dr. Charles Zarobila, Grasselli Library

Using gold in manuscript illumination has always been a beautiful and meaningful practice.  This presentation will describe the process and purpose of using gold in manuscripts, as it developed in the Middle Ages and Renaissance.  This presentation will also examine the use of gold in the Saint John’s Bible, a contemporary illuminated manuscript, to see how this modern work relates to the tradition of using gold to illuminate.  A facsimile of the Saint John’s Bible has been donated recently to John Carroll University.

(A.2) “Constructively Confronting Controversy in the Classroom”
Dr. Tom Kelly, Education & Allied Studies

Addressing curriculum-relevant controversy in the classroom can be immensely challenging. Amidst genuinely significant and provocative issues, it is a sustaining challenge for educators to maximize student engagement that is honest, fair-minded and generous yet sensitive, critical and probing.  Drawing on relevant scholarship and my own experience, I will discuss a number of concepts and pedagogic strategies in this interactive session.  These include insuring a best-case fair hearing, promoting Oscar worthy student perspective-taking, nurturing a climate of constructive risk-taking, engaging in autobiographical archeology, embracing the gut-wrenching gray of intellectual complexity and indeterminacy, fostering methodological believing and doubting and exploring a dynamic and resourceful skill set that conducting controversial issues demands of educators. Finally, participants will consider the controversy over whether educators should or should not disclose their own points of view on the issues studied.

(A.3) “Empathy and Forgiveness: Tools for Personal Freedom and Social Justice”
Dr. Nancy P. Taylor and Kevin Panek, Graduate Assistant, Education and Allied Studies

Reports on the status of American youth and families provide several indicators for great concern such as youth violence, substance abuse, and adolescent pregnancy. In the aftermath of the recent shooting at Success Tech in Cleveland, a psychiatrist interviewed on the national news simply stated: “Hurt people hurt people.” Educators and helping professionals face a daunting challenge to find ways to re-engage students in learning by addressing the social and emotional barriers to their learning. Against a backdrop on the conceptualization of empathy and forgiveness, this paper will provide an update on the evidence-based practices that foster a school culture in which children, teens, and adults demonstrate respect and consideration for each other, can resolve conflicts, and live each day in hope for achieving one’s potential. The audience will be actively engaged in solution-focused discussion.     

Session B Moderator: Dr. Cynthia Marco Scanlon

(B.1) “A Correlational  Study of the Relationship Between Sensation Seeking Behavior, Life Satisfaction, Emotional Intelligence, and Depression”
Melanie Faithwalker, Graduate Student, Education & Allied Studies

Sensation seeking is characterized by individuals going outside of their everyday experiences to encounter new stimuli, thereby relieving biological deficiencies.  This interest in sensation seeking is derived from a preoccupation with individuals who partake in risky behaviors that are maladaptive and counterproductive towards their own well being.  Marvin Zuckerman explored the biosocial bases behind sensation seeking, introduced the Sensation Seeking Scale, and collaborated with Bernard Lubin to introduce the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist-Revised.  This study will further his research by examining the additional factors of emotional intelligence and life satisfaction, exploring the associations among sensation seeking, depression, emotional intelligence and level of life satisfaction in college students.  For significant associations, the nature of the relationships will be described using sensation seeking components as the dependent variables.   The literature review highlights the contribution of each of these factors to sensation seeking behavior and sets up the methodology for this research proposal.

(B.2) “Re-igniting the Spark of Interest and Creativity in Computer Science: Robotics in the Classroom”
Dr. Daniel Palmer, Mathematics & Computer Science

As part of a Summer Teaching Fellowship for the summer of 2007, I investigated the possibilities for introducing robotics into the Computer Science curriculum.  The result is CS 333 Robotics, a course being offered this semester with one of the highest enrollments for a computer science class in the last 5 years.   The course has three sections, each based on a different robot with different learning goals and challenges.  Each student builds their own “stiquito” robot and learns basic principles of robotics: hardware circuitry and simple movement.  Students then move up to the Lego Mindstorm NXT platform, where they learn more sophisticated robotic programming using both a visual language and C.  The final robotic platform is the Create robot built by the same folks who developed the Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner.  The students will learn to program robots to cooperate.  Early indications are that this is a big win for our students and our major.

(B.3) “Institute for Educational Renewal Great Schools Framework”
Dr. Deborah Gries Zawislan, IER

For the past seventeen years, the Institute for Educational Renewal (IER) has provided school-based professional development and support to teachers, students, principals and parents in Cleveland and First-Ring communities. A non-profit organization, IER is dedicated to creating great schools committed to collaborative leadership, effective teaching and learning, and positive school culture by engaging students, teachers, principals, and parents in rigorous and meaningful academic work that results in high achievement for all learners in elementary and K-8 schools. Recently IER extended its school-based professional development model beyond Cleveland schools and began work in all seven the elementary schools in a First-Ring district bordering Cleveland. This presentation will: 1) share IER’s comprehensive model for professional development, 2) focus on the development and support of professional learning communities within schools and across schools within the school district and 3) discuss how those learning communities are contributing to student achievement in literacy.


(C ) HONORS PANEL: “Yucatan Study Trip”
Moderator: Dr. Robert Kolesar, Honors Program
(C.1) Joseph Griesmer: “The Henequen Industry, Haciendas, and Mayan Slavery”
(C.2) Joseph Merry: “Commodification of Maya Culture in the Yucatan”
(C.3) Alexandra Philips: “Mayan Migrants in Los Angeles and Houston”
(C.4) Zack Walker: “The Influence of NAFTA on the Yucatan”

(D) PANEL: “Nationalism & Citizenship”
Moderator: Dr. Mindy Peden
Presenters: Sara Capraruolo, Elyse Wagner, Caitlin Huey-Burns, Kendra Yurgoinas, Carolyn Clauss


(E) PANEL: “Poverty and Solidarity Summer Internships Panel”
Moderator: Dr. Peggy Finucane, Center for Service & Social Action
Participants: Liberty Bost, Samantha Cocco, Abbey Fox, Joshua Marcin, Sarah Stroney, Emily Tillmaand

Students engaged in the 2007 Poverty and Solidarity Summer Internships will share their reflections on their learning about poverty in Cleveland. Students worked with different community agencies whose missions address issues related to poverty including community development, public policy, women’s issues, and healthcare. The goal of these internships is to allow students to increase their knowledge about poverty, its human and social costs, and ways they can act with and on behalf of the poor. They will share their learning about the needs of the people in Cleveland (ranked in 2007 as the fourth poorest city in America), the resources in the community to meet those needs, and how they are positioned to become agents of change.


(F) PANEL: “The Future of Journalism”
Moderator: Dr. Richard D. Hendrickson, Communications & Theatre Arts
Presenters: students in 2007 “Editing and Design” class

Andrew Rafferty: “Citizen Journalism”
Katie Mahoney: “Teens and Media Use”
Dana Ingraham: “Sports Broadcasting”
Meghan Wolf: “Journalism Education”
Thea Letteri: “International Journalism”

Fear of change permeates the professionals in media, particularly at newspapers, yet there are some who say there will always be a need for journalists and only the channels for presenting the news will change. Students in Dr. Richard Hendrickson’s “Editing & Design” class explored predictions for these new media in papers written in the spring of 2007. This panel will gather some of the students to present short summaries of their findings and lead discussion of the issue.


Session G Moderator: Dr. Linda Eisenmann

(G.1) “Project WISE: Working in Informal Science Education”
Dr. Greg Dilisi and Keith McMillin, Graduate Student; Education & Allied Studies

This presentation gives incite into the first year project WISE, an Informal Science Education project funded by the National Science Foundation.  The project promotes interest in STEM-oriented careers, especially in young women, and to increase K-3 children’s interests in science fields and education. This project is a collaborative partnership between John Carroll University, Beaumont High School, and the International Women’s Air and Space Museum (IWASM). 

(G.2) “Making Narrated Video Demonstrations”
Dr. Barbara D’Ambrosia, Mathematics and Computer Science

I’ve recently started building a library of video demonstrations designed for students in undergraduate math classes. These short video clips demonstrate the use of a graphing calculator or a computer software package, or repeat classroom computer demonstrations of various topics. The information in the videos is hard for students to record in their notes, because it involves action. By making the videos available online, I enable students to review information they may not have caught in class, and I provide a resource for students who are unfamiliar with graphing calculators. In this talk, I will demonstrate some features of a few videos, and discuss some of the issues involved in creating those videos.  I received a 2007 Summer Teaching Fellowship from John Carroll University, which allowed me to begin this long-term project.

(G.3) “What Do Human Swarms, Japanese Number Puzzles, Elections and Fake Earthquakes have in Common?”
Dr. Daniel Palmer, Mathematics & Computer Science

In the Spring semester of 2007 I was on a Grauel Fellowship to further investigate Human Swarms through software simulation.  The initial results were well enough along that they warranted presentation at last year’s Celebration of Scholarship.  Because the work was only half done, some unanswered questions remained at the end of the talk.  This talk will attempt to answer those questions left hanging as well as the one in the title.  I will discuss several results of the work since then, including the Human Swarm Sudoku experiment (and the Virtual Human Swarm Sudoku experiment), the Human Swarm exhibit and demonstrations at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, our studies into information propagation and influence throughout a population, and our proposal to use swarm techniques to improve initial responses to natural disasters.


(H) PANEL: “Interviewing/Communication in Organizations”
Moderator: Dr. Jacqueline Schmidt, Communications & Theatre Arts

(H.1) “Interviewing Styles across Generations”   
Kelly D’Amato and Jessica Van Horn, Undergraduates
Interviewing styles vary greatly depending on the individual interviewer. The reason for different interviewing styles based upon the individual deeply intrigues us. This study investigated one aspect of an individual that may influence their style: the generation to which the interviewer belongs. Our paper examines three female interviewers, who belong to three separate generations.  We first researched common traits of each of the generations to which the interviewers belong. We then observed each woman’s individual interviewing styles and compared our results to the characteristics of their individual generation that we found through our research.

(H.2) “Utilizing The Tonight Show with Jay Leno to Draw Conclusions about Gender Differences in Interviewees”
Sarah Levicky, Undergraduate
This study analyzed the gender differences in interviewees utilizing The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Secondary research was collected about gender differences, the television interview, and Jay Leno’s interviewing style.  Leno’s interviews with three actors and three actresses were analyzed. Upon collection of raw data, many hypotheses were either rejected or found to be inconclusive. The study did find that women maintain more eye contact than men and men had longer interview times than women.  While none of the interviewees should be discounted from the study, one interviewee tended to skew results. Therefore, this may be a prime example of how personality can affect an interview more than gender. While it was difficult to sufficiently prove or disprove many of the hypotheses, the study did illustrate that more research should be conducted on entertainment television.

(H.3)  “Katie Couric’s Interviewing Style in Soft News and Hard News”
Erica Miller and Sylvia Lesisz, Undergraduates
This study examined the interviewing style of Katie Couric, former host of NBC’s Today show and current host of CBS Evening News. The researchers analyzed the differences in Couric’s interviewing styles in both soft news and hard news settings. The study focused on Couric’s tone, pitch, talking time, level of interaction, types of questions, silence, touch, nonverbals, and dress used during her soft news and hard news interviews. Interviews from NBC’s Today show and from CBS Evening News were used for observation. Findings were that a significant difference existed between Couric’s soft news interviewing style and Couric’s hard news interviewing style. This study found that Couric does not use a soft news interviewing style in a hard news setting and vice versa. Therefore, Couric’s soft news interviewing style has not carried over to her hard news interviewing style. 

(H.4) “Network Analysis within Crisis Communication of the television series 24
Theresa Gromek and Cara Sharbaugh, Undergraduates
This paper uses a network analysis on the organizations in the television series 24 during a period of crisis communication.  The authors analyze the network employed as to effectiveness in communication and decision-making.  Roadblocks in information flow and network links are also discussed. 


(I) PANEL: “Peace Building & Conflict Transformation in South Africa”
Peace Building and Conflict Transformation in South Africa
Moderators: Dr. Richard D. Clark, Sociology and Dr. Jeanne Colleran, English
Panelists:  Dr. Shirley Seaton, Multicultural Affairs; Jessica Alvis, Stephanie Besser, and Jovanna Silipigni, Undergraduates

This past summer 17 John Carroll faculty and students visited South Africa as part of the Summer Institute in Peace Building, Human Rights, and Conflict Transformation.  Designed to foster a students understanding of conflict transformation and the role of human rights in building peaceful democracies, this program tours areas of the world where post conflict reconstruction is underway.  Utilizing faculty and students, this panel will discuss our experiences in South Africa as the country moves from a history of apartheid to full democracy. Our itinerary included visits to Johannesburg, Soweto, the Grahamstown Arts Festival, Cape Town, and Robben Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned.  Also included were meetings with governmental officials, academic researchers, anti-apartheid activists, Jesuit priests and NGOs working for social change.  Each panelist will informally present their experiences and what they brought home from the trip intellectually and emotionally. 


(J) PANEL: “Cleveland Area Local Religions Project: Ethnic Catholic Parishes in Cleveland”
Moderator: Dr. Sheila E. McGinn, Religious Studies
Panelists: Robert Ramser, Jeremy London, and other tba

Cleveland’s ethnic Roman Catholic parishes have been a significant force in the city’s history, yet many of them now are on the “endangered species” list. This study analyzes the historical significance of ethnic Roman Catholic parishes in Cleveland, from their founding up to the present time. Documenting the historical significance of these ethnic parishes is important not only to the parishes themselves, but also to the entire Diocese of Cleveland and the wider city. This study will gather both archival and oral-history data on the life and impact of these parishes on their parishioners and neighboring communities. The invaluable data collected by this project will help to preserve the heritage of these ethnic parishes at a crucial juncture in their history, and will publicize some of the significant contributions these ethnic communities have made to the Catholic Church and the City of Cleveland.


(K) PANEL: “Applied Research at the Thea Bowman Center: The Evaluation of Three Programs”
Moderator: Dr. Penny Harris, Sociology
Participants: Genna Tartamella, Chester Banaszak, Boris Bosnjak, Samantha Cocco, Vanessa Esquibel, David Negrelli, and Lydia Spates, Undergraduates

A qualitative program evaluation was conducted at the Thea Bowman Center in Cleveland, Ohio to examine the Center’s impact on the Mt. Pleasant neighborhood and its residents. Interviews were conducted with 25 children and 13 adults to gather information about the effects of the Center’s various programs. The three programs that were studied specifically included the Saturday Program For Children, the K-8 Tutoring Program, and the Works of Mercy Program for the adults. Through the individual interviews, the researchers gathered information that supported the goals of the Thea Bowman Center, including providing a safe haven for the residents, providing educational and employment tools for adults and children, and providing goods to meet the basic needs of the Center’s clients.


Session L Moderator: Dr. Lauren Bowen

(L.1) “A Boy in Dian’s Shape:  The Actaeon Speech in Christopher Marlowe’s Edward II
Eliese Goldbach, Undergraduate; Dr. Maryclaire Moroney, English 

Queer theorists and literary scholars have carefully examined Christopher Marlowe’s Edward II, often concentrating on the social and political implications of the relationship between the Edward and his minion.  Gaveston’s “Actaeon” speech (Edward II i. 60-9) is frequently mentioned, but rarely examined in depth.  The speech provides a multifaceted image that combines Petrarchan discourse with homoerotic language, and serves as an overriding paradigm of the power distortions in the play.  Through the courtly nature of the speech, issues of class and political responsibility are developed, intersecting with Elizabethan concerns over potential invasion.  Elizabeth I, who was often equated with Diana, is implicitly present in the text, which presents an ambiguous treatment of the queen that challenges and perverts her image as virgin.  The Actaeon speech illuminates these diverse readings of the text, providing an image that informs the intricate power relations in the drama and within Elizabethan society.

(L.2) “From Text to Film in Jane Austen’s Novels: The Translation of Content”
Ruth Tynen: Undergraduate; Dr. John McBratney, English

In an excerpt from the senior thesis, “Image vs. Text in Film Adaptations of Selected Jane Austen Novels,” this paper will explore the transition from novel to film in Jane Austen’s novels Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, and Emma.  In the process of maintaining the essential content of Austen’s original work, there is also the need for the audience to connect to the period in which she was writing.  To satisfy the modern audience, which is distanced from the issues of the nineteenth century, focus in the film is often placed on the romantic aspect of the relationship between the primary couple of the novel.  Therefore, filmmakers are forced to find a balance between faithfulness to the text and modern notions of romantic love.  This paper will explore the differences between the love story that Austen originally wrote and its appearance on film.

(L.3) “Piecing Together the Outcomes Measures Puzzle: Finding the Right Fit for the CCF”
Anthony Tarescavage, Undergraduate

I researched psychotherapy outcome measures for the Cleveland Clinic Foundation during a summer internship. Soon after my internship ended, the Clinic’s therapists began to routinely use outcome measures as a result of our research. An outcome measure can best be described as a standardized, routine evaluation of patient progress that facilitates efficient treatment, identifies clinician strengths and weaknesses, and increases therapist accountability. There are a number of measures in this new but quickly developing field. Together, we decided on three possible candidates appropriate for the Clinic’s needs: the Outcome Questionnaire 45, Polaris Mental Health, and the Treatment Outcome Package. I discuss the relative strengths and weaknesses of these measures relating to cost, administration, psychometrics, support and other considerations. Ultimately, only two measures fit the Clinic’s needs. The success of their implementation will be discussed.

(L.4) “The Voice of Social Justice in Church Homilies”
Bryan Mauk, Undergraduate

“A poor Church is, by its very nature, more compassionate, and a compassionate Church is, by its very nature, poorer.” –Jon Sobrino S.J.
In a church parish there exists an inherent temptation to focus on the maintenance of the parish and keeping the people in the pews returning on a weekly basis, to harden messages of the Gospel that the audience agrees with and soften messages of the Gospel that are challenging and counter cultural to those in the pews. This study investigates how tension between the Church’s mission and maintenance affect the homilies given from the pulpit of various parishes of the Catholic Church in Cleveland. How and why parishes in poor neighborhoods have homilies that identify with the poor and call for social change, but as income increases in the neighborhoods surrounding a parish that call for solidarity and social change begins to soften.


Session M Moderator: Dr. Gloria Vaquera

(M.1)“Social Capital Acquisition of Middle School Latino/a Students Through a Summer Math and Science Program”
Vanessa Esquibel, Undergraduate

Based on interviews with family members of participants in a middle school math and science summer program, I consider the impact of social capital acquisition in these Latino families. Using a semi-structured interview format, the families with children who have participated for two years in the program are interviewed about their experiences and the impact of the program on their children, their aspirations for the children’s future, and expectations of the program in the next year. Additionally, the interviews are considered as representative of a unique Latino catholic community in Northeast Ohio. Findings from this study will help us to better understand social capital networks among this community and the impact of early exposure to higher education. STARS 2008

(M.2) “What Demographics Predict Civil Liberties Opinions?”
Fade Eadeh, Undergraduate

This presentation will explore if race, gender, ideology, and other demographic variables have an effect on our view towards civil liberties, specifically the trading-off of civil liberties for an increased level of security. The goal of my research project is to find out if certain groups of individuals exhibit certain tendencies. Simply, do trends exist in the sample among those who are willing to give up some liberties for an increased level of security and those that are not? These are the answers I hope to obtain. I hypothesized that ideology and threat level would both play pivotal roles in predicting one’s view on the civil-liberties national security trade-off. Also hypothesized was that major field of study and political party identification would also play roles in prediction.

(M.3) “Madame Roland: Navigating the Grey Area Between Traditional Gender Norms and the Political Arena of the French Revolution”
Jessica Klingshirn, Undergraduate

Bourgeois wife and mother, Madame Roland embodied the ideology of the woman patriot in the early years of the French Revolution. Her study of republican philosophy, particularly Rousseau, provided her early affinity for politics. Melding the societal norms of feminine behavior with her own political ambitions, Madame Roland established a strategic conflation of the gender code and unofficial political activism rendering her fulfilled and influential. Through study of Madame Roland’s concurrent duties as woman and citizen, this analysis aims to further the understanding of the duality pressed upon the early modern woman on the threshold of feminism. As modern-day society moves further towards gender equality, women are increasingly faced with what seems a choice between traditional feminine characteristics and political functions; however, Madame Roland explored the overlap betwixt the two and found that by not choosing one she was personally able to satisfy both. 2008 STARS Scholar.

(M.4) “The Impact of Students’ High School Experiences on Their Perceptions of Diversity at a Predominantly White University”
Jacqueline Hicks, Undergraduate; Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Gloria Vaquera, Sociology

Many researchers have looked at the concept of students’ sense of belonging in school and university settings, and how it impacts adjustment and social and academic integration into predominantly white universities. This case study examines experiences of three African American women attending John Carroll University—a private, predominantly white university in the Midwest. It will address to what degree these African American women feel a sense of belonging, and how their feelings are impacted by the type of high school they attended—predominantly white, diverse, or predominantly black. The students were asked questions regarding high school and college experiences. Findings from this case study support both previous research and my hypothesis. Policy recommendations are included in this study.


(N) HONORS PANEL: “Race and Sex in American Popular Culture”
Moderator: Dr. Robert Kolesar, Honors Program
(N.1) Maggie Antonelli: “Disney’s Dream World: A Fantasy for Whites”
(N.2) Ilya Batikov:,” Ethnicity, Race, and The Jazz Singer”
(N.3) Joe Reed: “Can You Dig It? Examining Gender, Racial, and Political Identities in Blaxploitation”
(N.4)Jaclyn Schneeberger: “Race, Gender, and Their Instersection in Gone With the Wind


(O.1) “Crime in South Africa”
Stephanie Besser, Undergraduate

The paper offers a brief but holistic view of the criminal justice system:  police force, forensics, and court proceedings.  The objective is to explain the high crime rate, the low arrest rates, and the heavy caseloads held by all three departments.  It is evidentiary that the police force attains it is difficult to acclimate after apartheid both from within the community, as well as within the police force.  The forensic laboratory is understaffed and weary of using privatized laboratories.  While without evidence and justifiable proof, the court system is only able to work four hours a day and the cases are delayed for long periods of time, which makes it difficult for eyewitnesses to remember the exact events.  Essentially, this paper illustrates South Africa’s criminal justice system and its ability to build trust from within the community and its own system.

(O.2) “Using a Web-Application to Improve Corporate IT Infrastructure Support”
Michael Dietz, Undergraduate; Dr. Marc P. Lynn, Management, Marketing, and Logistics

Web applications can be more dynamic, efficient, cost-effective, and adaptable than stand alone software applications. Developing an application to such standards requires extensive planning.  This includes meeting with clients, documenting business needs, translating those needs into specific functional requirements, and using those requirements to create a relational database diagram.  Upon completion of the planning phase, the application undergoes development.  Development involves the selection of a programming language and the necessary extensions of that language.  Post-development quality assurance testing is performed before the application is implemented for use.  This paper will discuss the development process, focusing primarily on issues raised during planning, development, and design, how they were addressed, and strategies that were utilized throughout. 

(O.3) “Concurrent Themes in Ignatian Spirituality and the Just Peacemaking Theory”
James Menkhaus, John Carroll Alumnus and Duquesne University Doctoral Student

Ignatian spirituality proposes a guide to Christian life, which incorporates the process of discernment, the use of imagination, and the criterion of love. These three elements also function in the theory of just peacemaking. Just peacemaking is an ethical approach that emphasizes strategies to change environments rather than arguments about whether a war is just. Originating in the work of twenty-three Christian ethicists, just peacemaking centers on ten components, which also involve discernment, imagination, and love. This parallel between essential components in Ignatian spirituality and in just peacemaking is fruitful. On the one hand, it offers peacemaking a spiritual foundation. On the other hand, it offers Ignatian spirituality a practical application to a major ethical problem. This presentation will explore this ethical and spiritual convergence. 

(O.4) “The Delicacy of Caviar:  The Extinction of Sturgeon & Its Impact on the Trade & Market of Caviar”
 Lady (Dna.) Maria St. Catherine De Grâce Sharpe, Eccl. Dipl. Scholar (Oxon.), S.M., O.SS.T., Political Science & Philosophy

 Sturgeon are one of the oldest species of fish on the earth. The Ancient Greeks and Persians are known to have enjoyed salted sturgeon eggs, and caviar is mentioned in Aristotle’s writings. The black market of caviar or sturgeon roe in Europe and Asia is causing the extinction of many sturgeon species.  These precious fish eggs taken immediately from the female sturgeon during spawning that have come to be synonymous with wealth and luxury have become, and are continuing to become, extremely rare. The severe overharvesting of sturgeon has caused the UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) to ban caviar exports from the Caspian Sea, the most popular site for the  harvesting of sturgeon for caviar. This presentation by an Oxford-trained diplomatic scholar whose lived in Greece will discuss the history, ecological controversy and culture surrounding the delicacy of caviar and will include a caviar tasting.


(P) HONORS PANEL: “Race, Science, and History”
Moderator: Dr. Robert Kolesar, Moderator

(P.1) Stefanie Jung: “The Liberal Orthodoxy Exposed”
(P.2) Tina Lattouf: “Race, Science, and History”
(P.3) Joe McKenna: “Race and Its True Colors”
(P.4) Niki Stange: “Race, Science, and History: A Final Reflection”