A Celebration of Scholarship

2007 Paper/Panel Abstracts

A Celebration of Scholarship! 2007 Paper/Panel Abstracts

Tuesday, March 20, 2007
10:00-11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Nietupski
(A) “Conflict and Compromise in the Labrang Community: Cultures of the Sino-Tibetan Borderlands”
Melissa Cigoi, Nick Mercurio, Alecia Ott, Rosemary Stanitz-Skove, Jeff Villanueva, Undergraduates; Advisor: Prof. Paul Nietupski, Religious Studies
This Freeman Foundation funded, collaborative study of the Sino-Tibetan borderlands focused on the Labrang Tibetan Buddhist Monastery and its former properties. The nomadic and partially agrarian community is located on the Tibetan Plateau in modern-day southern Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China. Five John Carroll University students and their faculty mentor investigated different components of this community and discovered that traditional cultures maintain their integrity in the face of rapid socioeconomic and political change. As the group traveled through Labrang’s borderland communities, each member drew on his or her own interests and expertise to study key issues involving tradition and modernization in cultural context. These included political structures, the role of art and visible artifacts in people’s ideologies and daily lives, concepts of disease, wellness and available therapies, local music traditions, and educational systems. The group developed an interdisciplinary perspective on this rapidly changing part of China.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
10:00-11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Stiles
(B.1) Desmarie L. Carter, Undergraduate
All students of John Carroll University pursuing a degree in education are required to take ED 350, more specifically Multicultural Education in a Pluralistic Society. This course incorporates cultural, racial, ethnic, socio-economic, gender, and individual differences and their effects on American education and society studied from sociological historical and philosophical perspectives. It also addresses the development of human-relations skills to tackle diversity issues. Intended as a tool for future teaching, exactly how much information obtained from this course is utilized in the classroom? To answer this question, John Carroll University education graduates within the last three years who are currently teaching were surveyed. Collected information related to specific strategies of authentic multicultural education that the teachers currently used is the primary focus of this research. Additionally, information related to the level and types of diversity within the school and classroom in which the teachers work is the secondary information obtained.
(B.2) “Thank You for Flying the Vomit Comet”
Dr. Gregory A. DiLisi, Education & Allied Studies; Robert Dempsey, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX ; Lori A. DiLisi, Parker Hannifin Corporation – Nichols Airborne Division, Elyria, OH; Gretchen Santo, Beaumont School for Girls, Cleveland Heights, OH
This paper describes our flight aboard NASA’s C9 “Weightless Wonder,” an aircraft that creates multiple periods of microgravity by conducting a series of parabolic maneuvers over the Gulf of Mexico. Because passengers often develop motion sickness during these parabolic maneuvers, the C9 is more affectionately known as the “Vomit Comet.” To celebrate the 2005 World Year of Physics, the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) and NASA co-sponsored a contest in which teams of high school students and their mentors could fly an experiment aboard the Vomit Comet. If selected, students would develop their experiment and travel to Houston to serve as “ground crew” while the mentors would actually fly aboard the C9 to perform the experiment.
(B.3) “Interrater Reliability Methods for Nominal and Qualitative Data”
Dr. John L. Rausch, Education & Allied Studies
The purpose of this paper is to trace the history and development of Cohen’s kappa (1960) as a means of establishing interrater reliability for nominal or qualitative data. Multiple rater procedures are specifically addressed. Results from using Conger’s (1980) g-wise multiple rater kappa procedure are presented that were generated from a grounded theory qualitative study. Cohen’s weighted kappa (1968) can be utilized for training purposes when one wants to compare the ratings of students who are in training with an “expert.” Interrater reliability can be utilized in many disciplines whenever there is a desire to compare different ratings of nominal or qualitative data, including Education, Psychology, Counseling, Medicine, Science, or Business, among others.
(B.4) “Vatican Studies: Divinity, Intelligence & Diplomacy: A Discourse on Holy See Diplomatic Affairs by an Oxford Ecclesial Diplomatic Scholar”
Dna. Maria St. Catherine De Grâce Sharpe, Eccl. Dipl. (Oxon.), t.o.s.m., T.O.SS.T., Political Science & Philosophy
In 2007, the Church of Rome marks several historic diplomatic anniversaries; the 630th year of the end, in 1377, of the papal exile in Avignon, France, the 40th year since the 1967 establishment of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, the 25th year of restored Holy See-U.K. diplomatic relations in 1982, the 20th anniversary of Pope John Paul II’s 1987 encyclical “Sollicitudo Rei Socialis,” honoring Pope Paul VI’s 1967 encyclical, “Populorum Progressio,” (also marking its 40th anniversary), and the 10th anniversary of the 1997 death of Jesuit Vatican diplomatic scholar, Rev. Robert A. Graham, S.J., Dna. Maria St. Catherine Sharpe, ecclesial diplomatic scholar born on the feast of St. Catherine of Siena, former U.S.A.F., Intelligence Officer, and an Oxford diplomatic studies (Kissinger scholar) alumna with distinction in Political Science, and a doctoral specialization in Pontifical Ecclesiastical Law, Diplomacy and Human Rights, shares her expertise in Holy See Diplomatic Affairs.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
1:30-3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: LTC. McGibony
(C.1) “The Impact of McDonald’s in Japan”
Alicia Miller, Undergraduate; Advisor: Keiko Nakano, Classical & Modern Languages & Cultures
McDonald’s has done much more than give the Japanese an opportunity to eat at a place that serves American foods; it has permanently influenced and changed the economy, trends and lifestyles of Japan. Although the United States had great influences on the food selection, table manners, service, and popular icons of Japan, Japan kept parts of their own culture and combined the two for their own, unique Japanese McDonald’s. For this ic, research was done on the history, menus, food, and table manners using various books and articles. Along with these sources, I gathered firsthand information from interviews, surveys, and finally our Pop Culture Study Tour trip to Japan. The research, interviews, surveys, and visit to Japan all helped to prove that while being greatly influenced by the introduction of McDonald’s, Japan has held its own culture and combined it with some American traditions.
(C.2) “New Approaches to Basic Public Speaking Requirements: Storytelling”
Ashley Boone, Undergraduate
In an age of the Internet and cellular phones, communication is at our fingertips. Regardless of these technological progressions we occasionally still struggle to express ourselves in a way that moves and persuades an audience to join us. The basic course could greatly improve the speech quality and effectiveness by adding other aspects of public speaking. Storytelling, an age-old art form, is becoming more popular and, when used in public speaking, embodies Aristotle’s concepts of persuasion. The product is then an experience that is enjoyable and productive for both the speaker and the audience. This paper explores the need for further public speaking instruction beyond what is currently covered in CO 100, the face of public speaking courses at other universities and institutions, the rise and benefits of storytelling in the public speaking arena, and how storytelling can be added to the current John Carroll curriculum.
(C.3) Social and Cultural Capital Acquisition through a Middle School Science and Math Program
Vanessa Esquibel, Undergraduate
Cultural and social capitals play a key role in determining how far a student will pursue education. Cultural capital is the “cultural and linguistic background acquired according to the demand and expectations of schools” and social capital is the “networks of interaction and resource exchange that facilitate the transfer of other better known forms of capital: physical, cultural, and human” (Valenzuela and Dornbusch, 1994). This research will be based on the children and families that are apart of the summer program ¿Project QUE? In preparation for ¿Project QUE? an extensive literature review addressing middle school populations will be completed. The information gathered from the families will examine how ¿Project QUE? has impacted the students and families acquisition of social and cultural capital needed to succeed in an educational environment.
(C.4) “Close Examination of an Online Charter School”
Dr. Lisa M. Shoaf, Education & Allied Studies
The number of charter schools has increased to nearly 2,400 across the United States The movement has advanced to include technology in the form of online learning. This study focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of an online charter school. The research examines data from focus group discussions with the parents, students, and teachers at the online charter school. Overall, the constituents involved in the online charter school were satisfied with the educational service at the charter school. Students at the charter school performed lower than the state average of all schools (including public schools), but they performed better when compared to a similar school as defined by the state board of education. The online charter school experienced improvement in the report card rating from a designation of “Academic Watch” to “Continuous Improvement.” Based upon constituent satisfaction and increasing student achievement, the online charter school in this study is becoming competitive with traditional public schools.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
1:30 – 3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Fr. Shubeck
(D) “John Paul II’s Thought on Women within the Church: His original thought and competing schools”
Brian Bremer, Linda Kawental, Nicholas Kuhar, and Jason Shifflet, Undergraduates
Our presentation will focus on the writings of John Paul II with regards to women within the context of the Church and the world. Also, responses by Catholic theologians to his writings will also be presented, both positive and critical.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Peden
(E) “Perspectives of Genocide; Insight on Darfur”
Abbey Fox, Andrew Fernandez, Marissa Patsey, Undergraduates
We are all familiar with genocide. It has determined many facets of the global political landscape in the 20th and 21st century. Despite how much we talk about genocide and how familiar we all seem to be with this subject, the concept is more illusive than we think. The situation in Darfur demonstrates the illusive nature of genocide. In this panel, we will be discussing the philosophical and political perspectives of genocide. We will be presenting a history of the conflict in Darfur and how it constitutes membership in the category of genocide. In addition, we will be providing avenues through which the politically active scholar can get involved in the fight against this genocide.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Mason
(F.1) “Color Has No Action”
Candice Monroe, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Bowen, Political Science
In this presentation I will discuss how people categorize race by the way people walk, talk, dress, the group one associates with, the way people perform in school. The goal of my research project is to find out why people put certain actions with certain races and pursue the implications of that. I will ask the question “What does it mean when people say, “That person is acting white/black?” Is it society’s way of looking at race? I will determine this by researching the ic which entails reading the proper literature from various social science disciplines and getting feedback from the John Carroll University Community using either focus groups, a brief survey, or both. I hope that my research project will make people understand that if a person doesn’t follow the certain stereotypical roles of their race does not mean they are denying their race.
(F.2) “Commercialization of Religion in Japan: Illustrated through Temple Markets”
Elizabeth Holowecky, Undergraduate
In Japan, the buying and selling religious and non-religious items in and around temples and shrines is common practice. Among the many differences between western and eastern religion, the openness to commercialization in Japanese religion particularly interested me. After doing some research, I tried to further understand why this was. My visit to Japan allowed me to further examine the concepts of my research in person and to gain a much greater understanding of the culture as a whole. I visited many shrines and temples and observed the markets surrounding them, along with other aspects of Japanese society. I learned first hand how Japanese culture beautifully blends religion, community, family and commercialization to create a meaningful way of life.
(F.3) The Wife of Bath as an Embodiment of Chaucerian Poetic Practice
Katie Homar, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Moroney, English
Although critics often characterize Chaucer’s Wife of Bath as an abstract metaphor for the text, stylistic parallels between Chaucer and the Wife make her a layered reflection of the male poet and invite a new reading of Alisoun’s function. Both the poet and his character participate in and criticize accepted medieval rhetorical practices through their incorporation of authoritative sources and awareness of the subjectivity inherent in such interpretations. Alisoun’s critique of this hermeneutic mirrors Chaucer’s larger exploration of literature’s function in the Canterbury Tales. Thus, the Wife’s Prologue and Tale serve as a miniature version of Chaucer’s oeuvre, contrary to critics who posit that the Wife’s pieces are stereotypically feminine and hence reduced. Alisoun’s techniques including a domineering persona, a digressive structure and hyperbolic stock phrases are all representative of Chaucerian poetics. In general, this paper advocates a more active function for the Wife of Bath by examining her role as a version of Chaucer himself.
(F.4) “The Spirituality of Career Choice: Living a Life That Matters”
Dr. Nancy Taylor, Education & Allied Studies
For some people the process of entering into the world of work may have been no more than drifting into an available position, imitating what a friend is doing, or being conditioned by a parent or authority figure to do what is expected. In each of these instances what is lacking is a “real” choice. Others may view their career choice as an outlet for doing work that gives meaning and purpose to their lives. A primary connection between spirituality and career choice is the notion of vocation, a calling to be in the world in a way true to yourself and in a way that makes a meaningful contribution. This paper presents the steps to developing one’s spirituality that are in alignment with the steps one takes to make a “real: career choice that answers the question: “What on earth am I here for?”
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
5:30 – 7:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Fabrykowski
(G) “Development of Caring Dispositions in Children in Cleveland & Buffalo: Kindergarten teachers’ experience”
Presenters: Dr. Krystyna Nowak-Fabrykowski, Education & Allied Studies; Monica Helinski, April Reed, Graduate Students
Moving from ethical awareness to deeper understanding and practice: Kindergarten Teachers’ experience with developing caring dispositions in children. The goal of this research is to seek information from the Cleveland (Ohio) and Buffalo (New York) area kindergarten teachers about their experience in developing caring dispositions in children. Two hundred questionnaires were sent, one hundred to each city. There was a low response rate of less than 10 percent from both cities. Qualitative method of data analysis based on descriptive and thematic approach was applied. The results showed how the teachers model and practice caring. It gives examples of the programs and many books those teachers are using for teaching caring. It also provides advice to new teachers how to model, practice and teach caring.
Tuesday, March 20, 2007
5:30 – 7:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Long
(H) “Human Illness & Medical Care: The Interface of Biology & Culture”
(H.1) “Persian Gulf War
Syndrome: the Conflict Through American Medicine and Culture”
Tom Albani, Megan Kolupski, Brittany Krist, Undergraduates
Like its predecessors, Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) has endured a great deal of controversy since its introduction into American culture. The veterans and the media sympathetic to their ailments contrast the government’s stance about GWS: whether or not the war is responsible for the occurrence of these symptoms in veterans, if the government should be held accountable, and even whether or not GWS actually exists. Since the end of this conflict Gulf War veterans have been voicing concern for numerous health issues. The returning soldiers and other participants experienced varying symptoms. This multitude of symptoms only adds to the difficulty in the diagnosis of an already complicated and controversial syndrome. The government has argued that many of the symptoms exhibited by veterans are simply results of other diseases in a new context. It is our feeling, however, that GWS should be recognized as its predecessors have been.
(H.2) “ALS and the cultural influences on patient treatment and coping strategies”
Randy Stalter, Frank Santoiemmo, John Francis, Matt Thi, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Long, Sociology
Nearly 6,000 Americans are diagnosed each year with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This degenerative neuromuscular disease is incurable, leaving sufferers to deal with the inevitable experiences of chronic weakness and fatigue, paralysis, and ultimately death. Growing awareness for the disease has led to an increased focus on treating ALS. However, due to the still present ambiguities of the disease, many interpretations have been developed in terms of diagnoses and treatments. The biomedical system has developed indirect methods for diagnosis and has introduced alleviating drugs such as Riluzole and Myotrophin. Alternative methods have also become a popular option. For example, Traditional Chinese Medicine offers such methods as acupuncture and herbal remedies that have proven effective for some. In addition, many believe that dealing with the disease requires the adoption of special individual coping strategies or participation in support groups. Whatever the method, the individual’s particular culture ultimately impacts his or her course of action.
(H.3) “Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome: A Qualitative Approach”
Melissa Cigoi, Jamie Rhodes, Laura Siciliano, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Long, Sociology
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) is a condition of the brain in which overactive neurons cause uncontrollable motor and phonic tics. Tourette syndrome has not always been viewed as a disorder with an organic cause, but present research is helping define a genetic link. Understanding stereotypes and stigmas related to TS is important when considering the biological complications and social functioning that an individual must reconcile with daily life. In this investigation of Tourette syndrome, we use a personal perspective to describe social implications, while also conducting a case study of a person suffering from TS. Jeff Matovic is an example of an individual who was able to gain control over his TS symptoms and overcome these limitations through the use of both biomedicine and social support systems. Beyond the scope of biomedicine, societal change is necessary to change the way that people view individuals who are different from themselves.
(H.4) “Chinese Acupuncture in Northeast Ohio: Practitioner Attitudes Regarding Western Influence and State Policy”
Brittany McLane, John Carroll alumnae; Advisor: Dr. Long, Sociology
Acupuncture’s introduction to U.S. medicine during the past thirty years has been met with both great anticipation and great skepticism. Though Eastern and Western medicine are often defined in opposition to one another, they share some epistemic similarities that often make possible complimentary medical techniques. In this study, I explore the antagonism between Eastern and Western schools of thought by examining the attitudes of six Cleveland acupuncturists toward their field of study and toward Ohio statutes governing the practice of acupuncture. A series of face-to-face interviews sought in the greater Cleveland area between February and May of 2006 comprise the source work for this study. During the course of these interviews, practitioners offered a number of ways Eastern and Western approaches might be combined to provide better patient care further illustrating that the paradigms may already complement each other; these are highlighted throughout the paper.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
10:00-11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Donnelly
(I.1) “Voter Participation Among Adolescents & Young Adults”
Josh Brickner, Undergraduate
This project will focus on both the voting participation and trends among adolescents and young adults aged 18-22. The study will include a survey of this specific population. This survey will use the last two major national elections (2004 & 2006) as benchmarks and focus on four important questions; whether or not the individual actually voted, which political party they identify with, what issue most influenced their vote, and what outside factor played the biggest factor in their decision. The results of the survey will be compared with national averages; also past literature will be reviewed to determine why these specific voting behavior are adopted. STARS Research Abstract.
(I.2) “The Spiritual Exercises–A Call to Justice”
Timothy Dunn, Graduate Student
The Exercises are a privileged form of Catholic apostolic spiritual formation. In the contemporary world they have also become a guide for solid commitment to social justice. This is an exploration of how the Exercises can be adapted to the needs of our times and serve as a call to social justice action. First, there will be a brief introduction to Ignatian Spirituality. Then there will be a closer examination of the Spiritual Exercises, analyzed and examined in terms of its social justice implications.
(I.3) “The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius Through Shakespeare”
James Menkhaus, Part-time Instructor, Religious Studies
The Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius Loyola are both a classic of Christian spirituality and a contemporary tool for Christian contemplation, vocational discernment, and apostolic service. The Ignatian process is not only one of reflective analysis and meditation but also one that invites emotional response, affective appropriation, and symbolic representation. Usually explanations of the Exercises emphasize what they say and where they lead, but the experience of the Exercises is more diffuse and complex. This presentation attempts to explore this affective complexity by applying the theme of selected Shakespearean plays to the potential affective movements created by undergoing the Spiritual Exercises.
(I.4) “Resisting the Absolute Monarch: Thomas Becon’s The Newe Polecy of Warre (1542)”
Francis X. Ryan, SJ, D Phil, English
During the 1542 war-scare with France, Thomas Becon publishes a pamphlet entitled, The new pollecye of warre (RSTC 1735) which offered the curious subtitle “how ye enemies of Christen Publique weale maye be ouercome & subdued”. Though the treatise begins with an encomium to love of country, it is actually a subversive agitation for an England whose wealth is redirected and whose religion is reformed. For Becon, a priest on the run who had been convicted of heresy, identifies the means to victory as “unfaigned conversion” and the rejection of “traytorous imaginacions” his code phrase for idolatry and the novel doctrines of the papists. The pamphlet presents a concerted social agenda for the nation which must be reformed in religion and in a redirection of the wealth and power in favor of the weak and the powerless. [The research for this paper is due to the support of John Carroll University in a Grauel award for 2005-2006]
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
10:00-11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Schmidt
(J) “Broadcast Interviewing”
(J.1) “The Colbert Report”
Jillian Dansko and Sean McClure, Undergraduates
This study examined the interviewing style of Steven Colbert host of The Colbert Report, a half hour report tackling news issues seen on Comedy Central. During the show, Colbert interviews a series of guests, many political figures, and tells them why their opinions are wrong. This study focused on whether Colbert varies the length of his guest’s speaking time, the amount of interruptions he makes, the type of question he asks, his volume of speaking or his nonverbal communication for conservative as opposed to liberal guests. An additional research question was whether Colbert is an implicit critique of Bill O’Reilly. Fifteen interviews were analyzed. Results found that conservative guests were allowed 5% more speaking time, but there were no differences between the type of question asked, Colbert’s volume or nonverbal communication based on the political beliefs of his guests. It was also found that Colbert is an implicit critique of Bill O’Reilly.
(J.2) “Male and Female Television News Interviewing Styles”
Crista Spehar and Eileen Krock, Undergraduates
This study examined male and female television news interviewer’s style with same-sex and opposite-sex interviewees. The focus was on three main areas: interruptions, probes, and leading questions. Results showed that male interviewers significantly interrupt more than female interviewers and interrupt male interviewees more than female interviewees. Male interviewers probed more than male interviewers for both female and male interviewees. One factor in probing was the type of story covered as male interviewer’s covered more hard-hitting stories than female interviewers. This difference in story may have limited the need for probing. Male interviewer’s also asked more leading questions than female interviewers.
(J.3) “Interviewing in Serious and Non-Serious Television programs”
Robert Duns, Undergraduates
This study analyzed differences in interviewing styles in amount of probing, use of open or closed questions, and interview question sequence used in serious and non-serious television interviews. Interviews from Good Day LA, a morning newscast from Los Angeles and The Tonight Show with Jay Leno show were used for the non-serious interviews. Larry King Live and The O’Reilly Factor were observed as for serious interviews. Findings were that non-serious interviewers are more likely to use probing open questions and that serious interviewers are more likely to ask primary closed questions. The tunnel question sequence was preferred in both serious and non-serious interviews.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
1:30 – 3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Sr. Flannery
(K) “Issues in Mass Media Ethics”
(K.1) “Defining Intellectual Property as It Relates to Technology & Global Ethics Policies”
Leisa Campbell, Graduate Student
The purpose of this paper is to define intellectual property as it relates to technology and how it affects global ethics. In particular, intellectual property is examined through the philosophical theories of John Locke’s classical theory of property and utilitarianism. The struggle between intellectual property and information technology is confounded by the existing laws of intellectual property, namely copyright laws. The policy vacuum created by new technology has revolutionized the meaning of intellectual property because of individuals lack of consideration for the consequences of its usage; more so, the lawful/unlawful and ethical/unethical implications. It has become increasingly difficult to ascertain a clear definition of intellectual property and when it is legal or ethical to partake of the property.
(K.2) “Game of Shadows: The Ethics of Anonymous Sources in Sports Reporting”
Zachary Egnot, Undergraduate
This essay examined the ethics behind anonymous sources and the decisions made by reporters to refuse to identify their sources especially the case of Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams. Previous court decisions and laws regarding anonymous sources, commentary on the indictment of Fainaru-Wada and Williams made by journalists and applications of popular media ethics theories were used as part of the examination. In conclusion, this essay found Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams acted in an ethical manner when refusing to identify their anonymous source.
(K.3) “Advertising in an Era of Product Integration: Clever or Unethical?”
Michelle Dunphy, Undergraduate
This paper explores one of the newest and fastest growing trends in advertising of product integration. Product integration is a general term that refers to any product or service incorporated into the media masquerading as news or part of a story. The hidden agenda of these advertisements is often further disguised as sponsors conveniently leave out their connection to the product/service being promoted. Product integration commonly manifests in the form of a video news release (VNR) or as product placement in television shows and motion pictures. This paper addresses the ethical dilemma created by this new fad in advertising and ultimately concludes whether this trend is justifiably clever or unethical.
(K.4) “Media of the Streets: Legitimatizing Graffiti as Art & Culture in the Face of Criminal Stereotypes”
Jared Petsy, Undergraduate
This paper analyzes the street art known as graffiti. It provides a brief overview of graffiti in a historical context and as a contemporary art movement, outlines legal battles against graffiti, and explains criminal stereotypes often associated with the art. The paper addresses these stereotypes as products of false depictions in the media, and makes distinctions between graffiti as art and graffiti as vandalism. Finally, it views graffiti as a new form of street media through associations with advertisement, providing a voice to the voiceless, and challenging corporate control of public space.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
1:30 – 3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Ms. Fenske
(L.1) “Rationalizing Away Guilt: The Role of Cognitive Dissonance in Academically Dishonest Behaviors”
Sarah Widman, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Yost, Psychology
Leon Festinger’s (1957) cognitive dissonance theory states that when an individual experiences a discrepancy between one or more of the individual’s attitudes and the individual’s behavior, a negative emotional state may occur. To alleviate this discrepancy an individual may attempt to rationalize away guilt. The cognitive dissonance theory (Festinger, 1957) provides a framework to explain the relationship between a student’s perceived frequency of other students engaging in academically dishonest behaviors and feelings of guilt. It is hypothesized that if participants reflect on their feelings from their most academically dishonest behavior they will rate the frequency of fellow students’ academically dishonest behavior higher and therefore have less guilt than the participants that reflected on their favorite television show or movie. This study found that if participants reflected on their most academically dishonest behavior (vs. control), participants perceived higher frequency in academically dishonest behaviors of fellow students and for males only, guilt was alleviated.
(L.2) “Independence, Statehood and the problem of Puerto Rican colonization”
Mei-Ling Rivera-Cerezo, Undergraduate
Puerto Rico has been struggling with its status since 1898 when it became a part of the United States of America. The issue of Puerto Rico’s status is a very controversial issue for the island. This research will first examine Puerto Rican history. Second this research will explain that the term Commonwealth is actually a colonial status by using Ruben Berrios and his proposal to the United Nations. Third, using Berrios’ argument I will put forward the argument for Puerto Rican statehood. The paper will offer the interpretation that Puerto Rico should be a state by counter-intuitively using Berrios’ pro-independence argument about Puerto Rico’s colonial status to suggest, instead, statehood. Funded by the STARS Scholars Program.
(L.3) “A Descriptive Analysis of College Student Perceptions of Inmate Access to Privileges”
Jacqueline Hicks, Undergraduate
The focus of this paper is to examine college student perceptions of inmate access to privileges. A review of the literature suggests that inmate access to religious affiliation, family support networks, and mail and visitation privileges are critical determinants in how successfully inmate adapt to a stay of incarceration. The findings indicate a weak but positive relationship between gender, age, race, and favorable college student perceptions of inmate access to privileges. My hypothesis is that students’ perceptions of coping strategies will differ by factors such as gender, family income, and race. The method used for the study will be an interview technique using a survey instrument/questionnaire. The population will consist of Sociology students from Introduction to Sociology, Juvenile Delinquency, and Social Stratification at John Carroll University. I will use a purposive sampling of students from Dr. Dezolt’s Sociology classes. The sample size will be about 75 students. Funded by the STARS Scholars Program.
(L.4) “Mushroom Clouded Memories: The Atomic in Film”
Katharine Anne (Kitty) Gabele, Graduate Student; Advisors: Dr. Ryan, Humanities; Dr. Roger Purdy, History
This comparative study will illuminate issues of memory, trauma and human expression as explored in the films of directors Alain Resnais and Akira Kurosawa. The films in question, Hiroshima Mon Amour (1955, France) and Rhapsody in August (1991, Japan), cast their plots around the atomic attacks of 1945, but do not actually recreate these attacks. Instead, the films highlight the human experience of memory and the problematics of commemoration. Conclusions to be explored include the artist’s ability to make sense (or nonsense) of a severely traumatic experience, and the value of art to the study of an increasingly global history and culture. Master’s Thesis in Humanities.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderators: Dr. Peden & Dr. Wiedenhoft
(M) “History, Memory, and Identity in Northern Ireland: Experiences from the Belfast Summer Institute”
Chaired by: Dr. Mindy Peden (Political Science) and Dr. Wendy Wiedenhoft (Sociology)
Presenters: Krista Corabi (Biology), Matt Harmon (Political Science), Linda Kawentel (Political Science), Miriam McGinn Moorer (Sociology at Loyola University), James Murphy (Sociology), Marissa Patsey (Political Science), David Schuld (Political Science), Katie Sedon (English)
The Belfast Summer Institute on Peace-building and Conflict Transformation is designed to foster the understanding, knowledge, and skills that enable students to participate in peace-building, social justice, and conflict transformation efforts at home and around the world. This panel, composed of students who have participated in the program since its inception in the summer of 2004, will explain the various dimensions of the conflict in Northern Ireland from the perspectives of both Loyalists/Unionists/Protestants and Republicans/Nationalists/Catholics. We will examine, in particular, the roles history, memory, and identity play in reproducing conflict and difference through murals and commemorations, including the 1981 Hunger Strike, the July 11the bonfire, the July 12th Orange Parades (or Marches), and Bloody Sunday. We will explore potential strategies that attempt to transform conflict over history, memory, and identity at the community-level and professional political-level. We will also talk about the value of experiential learning and the strategies used for learning in this course (including blogging, response papers, formal and informal talks, and web research).
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Chou
(N) “East Asian Art History”
(N.1) “Ma Yuan and his Bamboo and Ducks by a Rushing Stream”
Meredith Lea, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Chou, Art History
This paper discusses Ma Yuan, one of the most important court painters of the Song Dynasty (960-1278 AD), and his painting, Bamboo and Ducks by a Rushing Stream, which is in the collection of the Cleveland Museum of Art. Through comparisons with some of Ma Yuan’s recognized and dated paintings, I show how this Cleveland Museum of Art piece interestingly differs from Ma Yuan’s other painting styles.
(N.2) “The Art of Gesture: Retelling of Kabuki Theatre Utilizing Woodblock Prints”
Matthew Chmielewski, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Chou, Art History
This paper examines the foundation and development of Kabuki theatre throughout history, and will show the many facets of society it reflected. Because of the many benefits and drawbacks of modern technology in terms of theatre construction-comfortable chairs, electricity, and heating-the true mood is not achieved in modern Kabuki theatre. Our only way to capture the essence of Kabuki theatre is by examining woodblock prints offered to us from the Edo Period. The prints not only allow us to interpret the psychology or emotion the actor performs, but also translates the performance into a tangible object.
(N.3) “Hakuin Ekaku and Zenga”
Wes Johansen, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Chou, Art History
This paper discusses the development of Hakuin’s (1685-1769) painting in the Zenga tradition (Art of the Zen Buddhism). Hakuin is considered one of the leading Zen monk painters in Japanese art and is noted for his prolific output. In this paper, I would like to discuss his biography and introduce several paintings of Daruma (the patriarch of Zen Buddhism), which is one of his favorite subjects in painting. From these examples, we will understand how Hakuin transformed and developed his subjects throughout his life.
(N.4) “The Noh Mask: An Investigation into the Art of Ancient Japanese Theatre”
Natalie Wilson, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Chou, Art History
Noh drama is an ancient form of Japanese theatre that predates the written word in Japanese culture. Elaborate masks used in these dramas tell us much of what we know about the tradition. Noh masks give us specific clues about the family lines and performance rites which are dictated by the possession of these pieces of stage craft. Additionally, the works of Zeami, foremost poet, scholar and philosopher of Noh style, are examined to give us a better idea of the significance of the masks within the art. Through his treatises, the art and purpose of the masks are described in relation to the artistic aim of the Noh style. Finally, an in depth look at the characters portrayed by these masks as well as the masks’ importance in the overall aesthetic and theoretical aim of Noh gives an understanding of the importance of the mask within Noh.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
5:30 – 7:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Metres
(O) “Poetry as Discovery: A Reading and Discussion of Poetry Writing by Students”
Chrisher Kempf, Robert Kumazec, Rhiannon Lathy, Undergraduates;
Advisor: Dr. Metres, English
This presentation will articulate through poetry how American culture and politics both shapes and is shaped by one’s daily existence. Chrisher Kempf’s “Patriot Acts” gives voice to the Millennial Generation’s struggle to forge individual subjectivity in a technologized culture, at war abroad and at home. Robert Kumazec’s “The Apple Press” narrates his relationship to Slovenian ethnicity, primarily through the figure of his grandfather “Ata.” Finally, Rhiannon Lathy’s “The Picture She Hides” interweaves her mother’s struggle with cancer with stories of the Iraq War, exploring the relationship between private suffering and mass violence. These projects, then, probe the possibilities of poetry to engage the world, exploring how our voices interact with, transform, and are transformed by an increasingly globalized and polyvocal culture. Each poet will read a selection of poetry, then participate in a roundtable discussion with Dr. Philip Metres (and the audience) about the process and implications of their work.
Wednesday, March 21, 2007
5:30 – 7:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Harris
(P) “Contemporary Social Issues”
(P.1) “Teen Pregnancy and Poverty ”
Elizabeth Mahoney & Erin Odachowski, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
Teen pregnancy is a major problem in the United States. Though statistics have shown a recent decline in the rate of teenage pregnancy, it is still an important social issue to consider; as all aspects of an individual’s life are affected by parenthood. The goal of this research was to examine the relationship between teenage pregnancy and the social disadvantages associated with poverty. To better understand this connection, various pieces of literature were reviewed and an investigation of current programs that assess the issues of teenage pregnancy was conducted. Previous research has indicated that teenage pregnancy results in major life changes that affect an individual’s economic, educational, and familial well being. A change in any of these institutions can impact an individual’s likelihood of living in poverty. The conclusion of the current study has shown that a strong relationship between poverty and teen pregnancy exists and that neither one can be solved without addressing the other.
(P.2) “Domestic Violence:
Causes, Consequences, Connections to Poverty, and What is being Done”
Jenny Denton and Laura Siciliano, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
Domestic violence is a widespread social problem which impacts the lives of people across all ages, races, ethnicities, religions, sexual orientations, occupations, and classes (WomensLaw.org). While this issue can affect members of all sexes, in 95% of domestic violence cases, a woman is the victim (Frias, Sonia M., and Ronald J. Angel, 2005). Additionally, there is a significant connection between poverty and domestic violence. Problems which arise from being poor prohibit an abused woman from being able to escape the cycle of violence. For example, 80% of women who come to the Domestic Violence Center in Cleveland earn less than $15, 000 a year. This presentation will review this data and provide insights gained from an interview with an expert in the field. In hopes of preventing future incidents of domestic violence, this research demonstrates that society needs to address the connection between poverty and domestic violence.
(P.3) “The Black-White Academic Achievement Gap”
Rachel Mihna, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
There have been many researchers who have examined the black white achievement gap over the past few decades and they have found contradictory ideas about the causes. There are those that believe it is the funding or lack there of, and the actual structure of the school. Then there are those who believe these things do not make a difference. John Ogbu, a very prominent researcher in the study of education believes one’s peers are the cause, and other research shows peers have little influence on the individual. However, when examining all of the research there are certain things that are persistent across all research. Family contributes immensely to this achievement gap, both structure of the family, and educational attainment. This paper will review these findings and recommend that more in-depth funded research needs to be done on this matter in order to narrow or even eliminate the gap.
(P.4) “Social Security Privatization: A Cross-National Study”
Scott Adams, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
Social Security privatization has been suggested among some political leaders in the U.S. as a solution to the predicted problems that Social Security will face as the population of older adults grows in the United States. Under a privatized plan, a portion of the money that an individual pays into the Social Security System would be invested in the stock market in the hopes of eventually generating more income for retirees. However, Social Security privatization places money that many individuals will depend on at great risk. Not only would the chance for loosing money in poor investments increase, but funds intended to keep the Social Security system solvent would have to be diverted to pay for more administrative costs as well. The experiences of Chile and Great Britain, two nations that privatized their national pension systems, will be discussed in this paper and then recommendations for U.S. Social Security reform will be suggested.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
10:00 – 11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Dianna Taylor
(Q) “Girls Gone Subordinate: Reinforcement of Negative Stereotypes of Women”
Abbey Fox, Katherine Sedon, Erin Jackson, Julie Mrozek, Monica Kwiatkowski, Undergraduates
Women are typically represented in society as objects, which perpetuates violence against women because they are not seen as people. It is easy to abuse an object rather than a person. Magazines reinforce these perceptions of women, and these images reflect the sentiments of society (even if these images are not typically and generally perceived as detrimental to women). Furthermore, society reinforces these negative stereotypes and promotes a spatial constrain on women’s bodies such that women are expected to take up less space and to inhibit their movement. As women age, these negative stereotypes dictate the value of women based on youthful appearances, which stigmatizes and devalues older women.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
10:00 – 11:30 AM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Beadle
(R) Grauel & Summer Research
Dr. Gerald Guest, Art History & Humanities; Dr. Larry Schwab, Political Science; Dr. Dan Palmer, Mathematics & Computer Science
Thursday, March 22, 2007
1:30 – 3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Hahn
(S) “Political Issues of the 21st Century: Governance, Nationalism, and Regional Hegemony”
(S.1) “Using Political Pressure to Seek Economic Dominance in a Post-Cold War Latin America”
Joshua Marcin, Undergraduate
Before the fall of the Berlin Wall, U.S. governments successfully used Cold War fears and the rhetoric of a “war against Communism” to justify covert and often not-so-covert interventions into Latin American politics. However, the breakup of the USSR has since eliminated a powerful rationale for such blatantly anti-democratic and interventionist policies by American governments. As such, for the U.S. to continue to have political influence and translate governmental control into favorable trade agreements, newer and less militaristic mechanisms are needed to purport a legitimate claim to political and economic influence in the region. The United States government therefore faces a crisis for Western political and economic hegemony as it searches for post-Cold War mechanisms to maintain and legitimize socioeconomic intervention in a region that is divided between acceptance of U.S. political control for economic reasons and resistance towards perceived neoimperialism.
(S.2) “Neoliberalism and Identity: Nationalist and Indigenous Movements in Bolivia and Ecuador”
Douglas Walton, Undergraduate
Social movements in Latin America are often viewed strictly as responses to the failures of economic neoliberalism; however, upon further study, social movements can be seen as assertions of national or indigenous identity in the face of lost sovereignty over resources and national affairs. Neoliberalism has indeed led to an increase in inequality and poverty; but also, many nations have lost sovereignty over their own resources and affairs during the last two decades. Protests over the loss of communal water rights in Bolivia and Structural Adjustment Programs in Ecuador are just two examples of the expression of nationalist and indigenous identity. The cases of Bolivia and Ecuador show that social movements are nationalist and indigenous efforts to assert identity and regain sovereignty. These movements may well be triggered by poverty, inequality, and other economic hardships of economic integration, but their ultimate goal is to establish identity and secure national sovereignty.
(S.3) “From Bombs to Ballots – The Hamas Movement in Governance: January – November 2006”
Ilya Batikov, Undergraduate Student; Advisor: Dr. Hahn, Political Science.
Since being elected to the Palestinian Legislative Council in January of 2006, Hamas has been pressured to meet the demands of the United States, Israel, and European Union to abandon violence, recognize Israel, and accept a two-state solution as a final end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The 2006 election was the first time the Islamist Hamas had chosen to participate in electoral politics, and the group’s entrance into governance resulted in daunting new challenges. For the first time since its establishment, Hamas was obligated to undertake the role of representing the whole of the Palestinian people. Though its founding principles were built upon the opposition to a two-state solution, the international pressures to renounce anti-Israel violence and enter into peace talks with the Jewish state placed upon the Hamas-led government the choice of either renouncing their fundamentalist ideology or being sanctioned into paralysis.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
1:30 – 3:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Harris
(T) “The Complexities of Poverty”
(T.1) “The Effect of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic”
Alison Cyperski, Angela Hughes, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
In 2005, the global HIV/AIDS pandemic reached a new height of 40.3 million people living with AIDS in the world, with two-thirds of that population residing in Sub-Saharan Africa. People with HIV/AIDS suffer not only from the physical and mental hardships of living with an incurable disease, but they also suffer from the stigma attached to HIV/AIDS, causing disparity. These people are marginalized in society, especially since it was originally considered a “gay-related” disease. Even though it is incurable, there are treatments available, though at an extremely high price. This perpetuates poverty, especially in less developed countries, such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa. To help alleviate poverty, there have been several local, national, and international programs and organizations implemented, such as the 3 by 5 Initiative. This paper aims to examine the effects of living with HIV/AIDS, concentrating on how HIV/AIDS affects and leads to poverty.
(T.2) “The Relationship between Poverty and Substance Abuse”
Mary Ellen Madden, Rachel Scales, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
This research study was conducted to: 1) gain a deeper understanding of the trends and causes of substance abuse within impoverished populations, 2) determine whether substance abuse has an affect on one’s ability to escape poverty, and 3) examine whether the culture of poverty sanctions substance abuse. Many of the trends reveal that individuals who are at high risk for living in poverty are also at high risk for abusing substances. The reasons of this correlation are often attributed to high stress, poor neighborhood conditions, low employment and income levels, discrimination, and issues of adolescent development. The data also suggests that comprehensive intervention programs must be implemented within impoverished neighborhoods and schools in order to raise awareness about one’s risk for substance abuse and to provide individuals with the ample resources for prevention and rehabilitation.
(T.3) “The Psychology of Poverty”
Scott Adams, Elizabeth Frimel, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
Poverty is a social problem that produces psychological consequences. This study examines the psychosocial factors associated with poverty, such as financial uncertainty, powerlessness, and lack of dignity that can have a detrimental impact on the mental health of the individual who lives in poverty. Environmental conditions of poverty, from overcrowding to negative working conditions, can also add to higher levels of stress, low self esteem, and depression among individuals who live in poverty compared to those who live in more affluent conditions. Consider also an individual’s lack of social capital and parents who may be disengaged from the emotional and developmental needs of their children because of the burdens of poverty. Consequently, parental education, greater social capital, and access to psychological treatment, along with larger systemic changes, may be the best hope for alleviating poverty’s impact on mental health. These issues and possible solutions will be addressed in the presentation.
(T.4) “Poverty & Recidivism among Ex-Offenders”
LeTanya V. Cintron, Alena Hernandez, Undergraduates; Advisor: Dr. Harris, Sociology
Recently, a great deal of research has been conducted about prisoner re-entry, many of which recognize some factors related to re-entry, but provide few solutions for positive re-entry. A major problem identified is that most released prisoners tend to return to criminal activity within a year of initial release or culmination of parole. However, the biggest issue remains in the inability for ex-offenders to provide for themselves; this is caused by numerous societal and systemic reasons. In addition, with a criminal record, many of these individuals find themselves excluded from many aspects of society, and individuals in socio-economically disadvantaged areas experience harsher burdens and are less likely to succeed without support from the community, family and friends. The purpose then, is to better identify the needs of the offenders in order to best approach a solution to their problems and help them become productive members of society.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Kolesar
(U) “Border Encounters: JCU Students in Tijuana”
Presenters: Jillian Kaltenbach, Jessica Serbin, Douglas Walton; Photos: Jonathan Tramontana (Honors Program students). Advisor: Dr. Kolesar, Director, Honors Program
For several years groups of JCU students, faculty, and staff have traveled to Tijuana, Mexico, to participate in service projects with Los Niños International, a binational community development organization. In this presentation, three students who went in May, 2006, will share the understandings they gained of community development and service work; the problems and potentials of Tijuana, a rapidly growing and developing city; and the contemporary dynamics of migration and border control issues. The presentation will be illustrated with the photographs taken by a fourth student, as well as other materials.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
3:30 – 5:00 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Krukones
(V.1) Literature Review of the Factors Affecting Student Success within the Economics Major
Gretelyn Button, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Calkins, Economics & Finance
The factors affecting student success within the economics major encompass myriad variables. Some are demographic such as age, gender, and ethnicity while others are related to previous field or scholarly experience; for example the number of math or economics courses taken, a student’s GPA, or a student’s SAT scores. Previous economics research has been conducted to determine the impact of the factors on student success within the economics major, and this previous research can provide insight and direction for future research into the factors affecting student performance. This paper presentation will illuminate and explore the findings of the past research into the factors affecting student performance, suggest possible conclusions based on previous data, and also propose ideas for future research in the field.
(V.2) Charter Schools: A Better Alternative?
Sahar Shouman, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Ford, Education & Allied Studies
(V.3) “The African American Concept of Death” : Associated with African Heritage and Christianity
Diamond S. Summers, Undergraduate
In looking at many recent culture studies that surround the concept of death, the African American concept of death is quite unique. It remains to be unique in several ways regarding its nature, which stems from a combination of African spirituality along with Christian beliefs. Death in the African American culture is seen as a very important aspect, tracing back to African roots and superstitions. The procedures, traditions, customs and mourning celebrations which surround African American deaths and funerals are unlike any other culture. The structure of African American funerals or death customs may seem similar to other cultures, but the African American view of death itself can be differentiated from other cultures. Instead of death being viewed as the end of life, African American culture view death as a “pass over” or “home going,” celebrating the transition of a human being leaving the earthly world and transcending into the spiritual world.
(V.4) “Virginia Woolf and Mother Nature: the Aging Female Archetype in Society and Psyche”
Katherine Sedon, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Colleran, English
Virginia Woolf appeals to an archetype of Mother Nature in her fiction but employs the archetype in order to describe the aging female, rather than historical uses applied to the young female. This paper aims to show how her method reflects on the social constructions of aging as well as the psychological effects of aging. A psychoanalytic discussion is appropriate to Woolf’s fiction because of the influence of Carl Jung in Modernist literature. In addition, the aim of this paper is to contribute an analysis of Woolf’s commentary on aging that goes beyond the scope of most standard feminist readings which have yet to fully explore this ic. The aging female is hampered not by physical change or deterioration but by social norms affixed to age and women; this forces the aging female to continue life until the very end, a social responsibility unwillingly carried by Woolf.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
6:00 – 7:30 PM
Dolan Science Center A202
Moderator: Dr. Kwan
(W) PANEL: “Green Chemistry”
(W.1) “Pros and Cons of the use of Coal”
Brad Hauser, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Kwan, Chemistry
Coal is one of the most prevelant and important sources of electricity in the
United Staes. However the burning and use of Coal has many detrimental effects on the environment, with one of the leading concerns being global warming. I plan to address the pros and cons of the use of coal and its role or lack thereof in this Country’s and the World’s future.
(W.2) “Biofuels”
Paul Schroder, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Kwan, Chemistry
The recent increases in petroleum prices, the rapid depletion of fossil fuel sources and the rise in green house gas emissions from fossil fuels have sparked interest in alternative energy sources. Biofuels are any liquid fuel made from biomass (i.e. plant and animal oils and wastes) that can be used for supplying energy. The production and use of fuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel are currently being implemented to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and alleviate the stress placed on fossil fuel reserves. The question now is whether or not these biofuels are energy efficient and cost effective replacements for current fossil fuels.
(W.3) “JCU’s BL 331 Course: Global Climate Change”
Dr. Miles Coburn, Biology
The Anthropocene, or period of human-induced climate change which we have entered, is not comparable to any other in Earth’s recent geologic history. BL 331, Global Climate Change, is designed to give biology students and non-majors a framework for understanding current climate change. The lecture ics include an overview of Earth’s climate today; introduction to climate models, climate archives and proxy tests used in climate reconstructions; Earth’s past climate as viewed from tectonic, orbital, millennial, and historical time scales; how humans are affecting climate today; and the biological, ecological, and health effects of climate change. The course ends with a discussion of what can we do to address climate change individually and as a society. The readings are general in nature and focus on current climate change issues, the ongoing debate among climate scientists about the severity and rapidity of climate change, the effects of climate change on tropical, temperate and polar ecosystems and human societies, and potential solutions to reduce or mitigate the effects of climate change.
(W.4) “Green Chemistry: Money and the Environment”
Matt McDiarmid, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Kwan, Chemistry
Green chemistry not only has positive environmental effects but it can also have large effects on the economy and industrial monetary spending. There is a slight misconception that green chemistry is not cost effective. Many corporations are reluctant and slow to switch to green chemistry due to the initial change and possible increase in cost over current conventional methods. However, in the long run, just like the environment, green chemistry is smarter, most times more efficient, and cheaper. With green chemistry there is no worry for potential future environmental clean ups or fines that can reach in the upwards of hundreds of millions of dollars. Pacific Gas and Electric alone are currently paying a $333 million class-action suit for the release of toxic chemicals in a local community. As one can see not only is green chemistry a good choice the environment and our community, but it is also a great long term choice for our pocket books, which we all know is the true green issue that runs the world.
(W.5) “Renewable Energy Sources for the Near Future”
Philip Zuzolo, Undergraduate; Advisor, Dr. Kwan, Chemistry
With the decreasing supply of non-renewable resources and the harm that they are causing to the environment, a greater push is being made towards the use of renewable and non-polluting sources of energy in today’s society, both at an individual and a commercial level.
(W.6) “Green Building”
Katherine Conry, Undergraduate; Advisor, Dr. Kwan, Chemistry
In the United States, buildings account for a substantial amount of energy and water usage, waste production, and use of raw materials. Buildings also produce a significant amount of greenhouse gases and have poor air quality. Building and renovating green could substantially reduce the need for energy, water, and raw materials as well as decrease waste production and the production of greenhouse gases. Green building involves using nontoxic, recyclable, and renewable materials as well as energy efficient designs. Building green can aid in preserving natural habitats, conserving natural resources, and protecting air and water quality.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
6:00 – 7:30 PM
Dolan Science Center A203
Moderator: Dr. Kolesar
(X) “Senior Honors Projects in the Humanities & Social Sciences”
(X.1) “Testimonial Literature: Its Importance, Relevance, and Efficacy in Latin America”
Kristy Calaway, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Anderson, Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures
In 1992, on the symbolic five-hundred year anniversary of Europeans landing in the Americas, Guatemalan Rigoberta Menchú won the Nobel Peace Prize, nine years following the publication of her book, I, Rigoberta Menchú. A Mayan peasant, Menchú’s success in drawing attention to the oppressive situation under which she lived eventually found much criticism. In 1999, a book by David Stoll challenged the validity and importance of Menchú’s account, bringing great controversy to the study of testimonio. A form of literature in which the subject narrates his/her own story which is representative of a larger, collective group, the testimonio can make the highly populated yet often unrepresented developing world much more accessible to those living in developed countries. This project will analyze the existing arguments over the importance and relevance of Latin American testimonios and their placement among academic disciplines. I will explore testimonios written in Chile during the oppressive Pinochet regime.
(X.2) “The Picture She Hides: A Collection of Poems”
Rhiannon Lathy, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Metres, English
It has been my attempt these last few months to follow in the confessional poetry tradition of blending one’s personal life with political and historical events, the result of which is the following collection. My senior honors project-The Picture She Hides: A Collection of Poems-interweaves the Personal and the Political, drawing parallels between my mother’s continued struggle with throat cancer and the consequences of the Iraq War. In the series, the reader will note a focus on concrete images from my home life and news coverage and photos of the war. The intent is to explore the relationship between personal suffering and mass suffering as a result of war and to emphasize poetry’s role as both aesthetical and ethical. In this collection, the reader will be asked to make the suffering of others personal.
(X.3) “Inherited Genetic Modifications and Their Impact on Future Generations”
Joseph Rich, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Spurgin, Philosophy
Rapid developments in genetics have occurred in the past few years, allowing for many new possibilities in treating disease and deformity. One of these new possibilities is inherited genetic modifications (IGM). These modifications are able to change genes that are then passed down to future generations. This results in a global effect – both on all one’s cells including reproductive cells. Inherited genetic modifications promise to be a powerful tool in preventing serious diseases from occurring, and helping those who already have a deadly disease. It is important for research to be done carefully in this area. For, at this stage there are many possible benefits from making use of inherited genetic modifications, but there is an even longer list of possible dangers of IGM. This paper explores important philosophical and ethical issues surrounding IGM which need to be addressed before IGM are used on a wide scale with humans.
(X.4) “The Effect of Mortality Salience and Authoritarianism on Judgments of Arab vs. European American?
Margaret Virostek, Undergraduate; Advisor: Dr. Yost
Terror Management Theory (TMT) attempts to explain how humans deal with the knowledge of their own mortality and theorizes that humans develop a worldview that protects them against the terror that results from such thoughts. Making mortality salient is an integral part of most studies involving TMT as that is what leads a person to defend their worldview more vehemently than under normal circumstances. The worldview defense is generally exhibited as prejudice against the out-group, especially among those who are high authoritarians. One example of such prejudice would be acts of violence against people of Middle Eastern descent immediately following September 11, 2001. All participants were given the Right Wing Authoritarianism Scale, a prime, and a scenario followed by a series of questions to measure prejudice. It was predicted that those who are high in authoritarianism would be the most prejudiced against the man in the scenario, regardless of the prime given.
Thursday, March 22, 2007
6:00 – 7:30 PM
Dolan Science Center Room: TBA
Moderator: Dr. Beadle
(Y) Grauel & Summer Research Presentations