Professors: D. M. La Guardia, J. M. Colleran (Dean), J. S. McBratney (Chair), J. T. Day (Academic Vice President); Associate Professors: B. K. Macaskill, C. Roark, M. Moroney, G. B. Bilgere, D. J. Rosenthal, P. J. Metres III, P. Kvidera (Associate Dean); Assistant Professors: T. L. Hayes, T. Pace, A. Nutting; Visiting Assistant Professors: E. Butler, M. K. Haffey; Writing Center Director: M. Soriano

The study of English encourages students to share in an enriched experience of imaginative language by engaging in an energetic course of reading literary texts and producing critical and creative writing. English majors learn to sharpen their analytical and writing powers, while studying works of literature they can enjoy throughout their lives. Graduates with English majors and minors flourish in law, business, government, education, research, medicine, and the writing professions. Students majoring in English may choose the literature or writing-intensive track.

First-year English composition is required for all bachelor’s degrees. Placement in composition courses is determined by SAT or ACT scores, by high school GPA, and by evaluation of the student’s demonstrated skills. Students with an AP English score of four or higher may test out of first-year English. Students achieving good scores in the SAT or ACT may be assigned to EN 114-116. Students earning an A in EN 114 may be exempted from EN 116 by permission of the director of First-Year Writing and the chair of the English Department. Students showing a deficiency in English are assigned to EN 103-112. All others are assigned to EN 111-112. Extensive tutorial services in English composition are available to all students through the Writing Center.

All students are strongly encouraged to continue after the first year with 200 and 300-level English courses to consolidate their reading and writing skills and to develop their literary interests. Completion of first-year composition courses is a prerequisite for any 200 or 300-level course. Exceptions are possible, however, with the approval of the department chair.

To complete the Division II requirement of one literature course for all bachelor’s degrees, students may choose, in consultation with their advisor and without prerequisite, courses at the 200 level. One 200-level literature course is the prerequisite for some 300 and 400-level courses. Refer to individual course listings for indicated prerequisites or special permissions.

Major and Minor Requirements

Major in English: 39 credit hours (excluding any course ordinarily designed for first-year composition). Students may elect to complete one of two tracks: literature or writing-intensive.

Literature track

1. Two 200-level literature courses: 6 credit hours

Majors are strongly encouraged to take one of the following courses:

EN 214 Major British Writers

EN 222 Introduction to Shakespeare

EN 277 Major American Writers

One 200-level literature course serves as the prerequisite for literature courses at the 300 or 400 level.

2. Four 300-level courses: 12 credit hours

Two that are pre-1800 (a.,b.,c.) and two that are post-1800 (d., e., f.)

  1. EN 311 Old English Language and Literature or EN 312 Late Medieval Literature
  2. EN 320 Literature in the Age of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I or EN 321 Literature in the Age of the Stuarts and the Civil War
  3. EN 330 Augustan Literature or EN 331 Late 18th-Century Literature
  4. EN 340 Romantic Literature or EN 351 Victorian Literature
  5. EN 360 Modern British Literature or EN 361 Contemporary British Literature
  6. EN 371 19th-Century American Literature or EN 372 20th-Century American Literature

3. Seven elective courses: 21 credit hours

Four electives must be at the 400 level. For the literature-track students, three of the four 400-level courses should be literature courses. Students seeking a secondary teaching license may choose to take three 400-level courses, with the written permission of the department chair. Remaining electives may be taken at the 200, 300, or 400 level. Whenever possible, students should take 300-level courses before taking 400-level courses.

4. A comprehensive exam administered by the English Department

5. With the written permission of the department chair, students may use as an elective for the English major one course in literature offered by the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures.

Minor in English: 18 credit hours (excluding first-year composition). Two 200-level literature courses; two 300-level courses, with at least one 300-level course a historical survey from the following: 311, 312, 320, 321, 330, 331, 340, 351, 360, 361, 371, 372, 382; one 400-level course; and one EN elective at any level.

Writing-Intensive Track

1. Two 200-level literature courses: 6 credit hours

Majors are strongly encouraged to take one of the following three courses:

EN 214 Major British Writers

EN 222 Introduction to Shakespeare

EN 277 Major American Writers

One 200-level literature course serves as the prerequisite for 300 and 400-level literature courses.

2. Four 300-level courses: 12 credit hours

Two that are pre-1800 (a., b., c. on the preceding page) and two that are post-1800 (d., e., f. on the preceding page)

3. Writing Courses: 12 credit hours

Two courses from the introductory level:

EN 300 Advanced Writing

EN 301 Introductory Poetry Writing Workshop

EN 302 Introductory Fiction Writing Workshop

EN 303 Introductory Creative Writing Workshop

EN 304 Introductory Creative Non-Fiction Writing Workshop

CO 225, 270, 295, or 310 may be substituted for one introductory writing workshop.

Two courses from the advanced level:

EN 401 Advanced Poetry Workshop

EN 402 Advanced Fiction Workshop

EN 403 Special Topics in Advanced Writing Workshop

EN 404 Advanced Creative Non-Fiction Workshop

4. Language and Literature Study: 3 credit hours. One course from:

EN 485 Contemporary English Grammar

EN 488 History of the English Language

EN 489 Studies in Rhetoric and Composition

EN 490 History of Literary Theory and Criticism

EN 491 Feminist Literary Criticism

EN 495 Critical Practice

5. One 400-level literature seminar: 3 credit hours

6. One elective at any level: 3 credit hours

7. A comprehensive exam administered by the English Department

Minor in Creative Writing: Six required courses, at least four of which must be workshops: 1) one of EN 300, 303, 304; 2) one of EN 301, 302, 303 (303 may meet only one of the first two required 300-level courses; 3) one of EN 401, 402, 403, or 404; 4) one course in 20th-century literature; 5) one genre course or another writing workshop; 6) one elective writing workshop at the 300 or 400 level.

Teaching Licensure Requirements in English for Adolescent/Young Adults (AYA)

Students should note that the teaching licensure consists of courses in education. In addition to meeting these requirements, students must also meet the requirements of the English major. Students should consult with their advisors early in their program for details.

Students interested in an interdisciplinary major in world literature, offered through the Department of English and the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, should consult the chair of either department. The program of courses selected for the major must be approved by the dean.

Course requirements for the Master of Arts in English are published in the Graduate Studies Bulletin.

103. BASIC COMPOSITION 4 cr. Equivalent of EN 111, but with greater attention to individual writing needs.

111-112. COMPOSITION AND RHETORIC I, II 3 cr. each. EN 111 or 103 prerequisite to 112. 111: review of principles of grammar and good usage; essentials of critical and expository writing; format and organization of term paper; detailed study of the formal and personal essay; frequent written assignments as well as a term paper. 112: further critical and expository writing in response to literature; frequent written assignments as well as a term paper.

114-116. ADVANCED FRESHMAN COMPOSITION I, II 3 cr. each. Placement in EN 114 depends on SAT or ACT score and quality of writing sample. 114: term paper, expository and critical writing in response to non-fiction prose and literature. 116: expository and critical writing in response primarily to literature, which may include poetry, fiction, drama, creative non-fiction.

199. SPECIAL TOPICS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION 1-4 cr. Topic, prerequisite (if any), and number of credits announced each time the course is offered. Does not satisfy Core composition requirement.

201. INTRODUCTION TO POETRY 3 cr. Diction, form, and organization as principles of poetic communication and as bases for exercises in interpretation and evaluation.

202. INTRODUCTION TO SHORT FICTION 3 cr. Critical examination of short fiction. Selections from such authors as Hawthorne, Conrad, Chekhov, James, Hemingway, O’Connor, Welty.

203. WORLD DRAMA 3 cr. Survey showing the history, changing patterns, and dramaturgical techniques from classical beginnings to modern times.

204. INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVEL 3 cr. Detailed examination of analytical techniques needed for the critical reading of fiction.

205. INTRODUCTION TO FILM STUDIES 3 cr. Introduction to the study of film; its stylistic tendencies, narrative strategies, histories, genres, and theoretical approaches. The course spans the silent and the sound eras and offers examples of film from Hollywood and beyond.

214. MAJOR BRITISH WRITERS 3 cr. Strongly encouraged for all English majors. Critical survey of British authors and literary periods from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century.

222. INTRODUCTION TO SHAKESPEARE 3 cr. Strongly encouraged for all English majors. Shakespeare’s life and background; readings of representative plays from the comedies, histories, and tragedies.

277. MAJOR AMERICAN WRITERS 3 cr. Strongly encouraged for all English majors. Critical survey of American authors and literary periods from the colonial period to the present.

278. INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Survey of major African American writers.

280. ISRAELI AND PALESTINIAN LITERATURES 3 cr. Comparative study of Israeli and Palestinian literatures; how Palestinians and Israelis narrate their national stories, staking a claim to a way of being and belonging to the land they co-inhabit. Topics include post-colonial theory, the politics of representation, historical versus literary narration, and theories of resistance and reconciliation.

281. MASTERPIECES OF WESTERN LITERATURE I 3 cr. Literary masterworks of Western literature from the ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance periods.

282. MASTERPIECES OF WESTERN LITERATURE II 3 cr. Literary masterworks of Western literature from the Neoclassical period to the present, with some attention to contemporary non-Western works.

284. WRITING WOMEN: AN INTRODUCTION 3 cr. Survey of work by British, American, and Anglophone women writers since 1800, with primary attention to lyric, short fiction, and drama.

285. INDIAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Survey of major works from the Veda to the contemporary Indian novel. All readings in English.

286. AFRICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Major works, authors, and literary traditions of African Anglophone literatures.

287. IRISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Celtic myths and folklore; major works, authors, and literary traditions of Irish literature.

288. JAPANESE LITERATURE 3 cr. Key texts and authors of different historical eras, from ancient Japan to the present, as well as the historical and cultural developments in Japan that influenced literary production. All readings in English.

289. INTERNSHIP 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of chair. Supervised and directed experiential learning in a position relevant to a major sequence of study. Students may petition to have a three-credit internship count as an elective toward completing major requirements.

290. TUTORING WRITING ACROSS CONTEXTS 3 cr. Focus on tutoring in the Writing Center, with an examination of theories and practices applicable to teaching and tutoring writing in other contexts as well.

291. ENVIRONMENTAL LITERATURE 3 cr. Study of American environmental writing; place-based literature by authors whose work is deeply concerned with how humans interact with the natural world and how various literary interpretations of the land have influenced attitudes towards the environment.

299. SPECIAL TOPICS IN LITERATURE 3 cr. Introductory literature courses designed especially to meet Core requirements for Diversity (D), International (R/S), or Writing-intensive (W) courses. Specific topics announced in advance.

300. ADVANCED WRITING 3 cr. Prerequisites: EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of first-year English as determined during new student orientation. Fundamentals and practice in the essay and other non-fiction forms; emphasis on writing for specialized audiences.

301. INTRODUCTORY POETRY WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisites: EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of first-year English as determined during new student orientation. Fundamentals and practice of writing poetry.

302. INTRODUCTORY FICTION WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisites: EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of first-year English as determined during new student orientation. Fundamentals and practice of writing short stories.

303. INTRODUCTORY CREATIVE WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisites: EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of first-year English as determined during new student orientation. Fundamentals and practice of creative writing across genres.

304. INTRODUCTORY CREATIVE NON-FICTION WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisites: EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of first-year English as determined during new student orientation. Fundamentals and practice of writing creative non-fiction.

311. OLD ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Examination of the language and literature of the Anglo-Saxons, in the context of their early medieval milieu.

312. LATE MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of late medieval literature. Explores the diversity within late medieval English literature from courtly romance to bawdy fabliau, with stops for royal theatricality and religious devotion.

320. LITERATURE IN THE AGE OF HENRY VIII AND ELIZABETH I 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of major authors, themes, genres, and forms of sixteenth-century English literature, including Sidney, Spenser, and Shakespeare.

321. LITERATURE IN THE AGE OF THE STUARTS AND THE CIVIL WAR 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of major authors, themes, genres, and forms of seventeenth-century English literature, including works by Donne, Jonson, and Milton.

330. AUGUSTAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature from the Restoration to the mid-eighteenth century.

331. LATE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature during the latter half of the eighteenth century.

340. ROMANTIC LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of British literature from c. 1785-1830.

351. VICTORIAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of British literature from c. 1830-1900. Recent topics have included the Victorian response to Romanticism, industrialization, religious faith and doubt, “the Woman Question,” aestheticism, and empire.

360. MODERN BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of major British writers, themes, and genres of British literature from 1890 to 1950.

361. CONTEMPORARY BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of British writers, themes, and genres of British literature from 1930 to the present.

371. NINETEENTH-CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Authors, genres, and works of nineteenth-century American literature.

372. TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Authors, genres, and works of twentieth-century American literature.

382. TWENTIETH-CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance and may include the novel, drama, or poetry.

399. SPECIAL STUDY IN BRITISH, AMERICAN, OR WORLD LITERATURE 1-3 cr. Topic, prerequisite (if any), and number of credits announced in advance.

401. ADVANCED POETRY WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisite: EN 301 or 303. Intense, advanced work in crafting poems.

402. ADVANCED FICTION WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisite: EN 302, 303, or 304. Intense, advanced work in crafting short stories.

403. SPECIAL TOPICS WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisite: EN 302, 303, or 304. Topic of special writing projects announced in advance.

404. ADVANCED CREATIVE NON-FICTION WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisite: EN 302, 303, or 304. Intense advanced work in creative non-fiction prose.

411. STUDIES IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Selected issues, authors, and genres of literature of the Middle Ages; specific topic announced in advance and may be one of the following: the Pearl-Poet, exile narratives, or translating the Middle Ages.

412. MEDIEVAL DRAMA 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Detailed examination of medieval drama, which reached its pinnacle in the cycles of mystery plays of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and allows readers to question the relationship between religion, satire, and a love of the grotesque.

416. CHAUCER 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Detailed examination of the “first English poet.” Will emphasize The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde in order to explore medieval ideas about authorship, social unrest, reform and heresy, gender, and “otherness.”

421. STUDIES IN RENAISSANCE LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Selected issues, authors, and genres of the Renaissance period; specific topic announced in advance.

422. STUDIES IN SHAKESPEARE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Selected studies of Shakespearean drama and/or poetry; specific topic announced in advance.

425. MILTON 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Detailed examination of the major poetry and selected prose.

430. STUDIES IN EIGHTEENTH‑CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of issues, authors, and genres of literature of eighteenth‑century England; specific topic announced in advance.

431. DRAMA OF THE RESTORATION AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. English drama from Davenant to Sheridan, with emphasis on the stage as a reflection of the period.

432. THE ENGLISH NOVEL: DEFOE THROUGH AUSTEN 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. History, changing patterns, and techniques of English novel writing in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

441. STUDIES IN ROMANTIC LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of Romantic literature; specific topic announced in advance.

445. BRITISH WOMEN WRITERS SINCE 1800 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Examination of formal experiments and thematic concerns of major artists, with particular attention to the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

453. KEATS 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Examination of the poetry of John Keats.

454. STUDIES IN VICTORIAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of Victorian literature; specific topic announced in advance. Recent topics have included aestheticism and empire, Victorian cosmopolitanism, and Victorian poetry.

458. DICKENS 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. The major novels, with a study of their backgrounds, art, and language.

459. THE ENGLISH NOVEL: DICKENS THROUGH HARDY 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Examination of nineteenth-century British fiction, particularly the novel. Recent topics have included Victorian detective fiction and the Victorian novel’s negotiation of the foreign.

460. STUDIES IN MODERN BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of twentieth‑century literature; specific topic announced in advance.

461. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of contemporary British literature; specific topic announced in advance.

470. STUDIES IN NINETEENTH‑CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of nineteenth‑century American literature; specific topic announced in advance.

471. STUDIES IN TWENTIETH‑CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of twentieth-century American literature; specific topic announced in advance.

472. STUDIES IN AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

473. FAULKNER 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Examination of his major writings as well as their background and cultural context.

474. AMERICAN POETRY 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Major American poets from Whitman to the present.

480. STUDIES IN POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURES 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of literary texts from formerly colonized nations in Africa, Asia, or elsewhere; specific topic announced in advance.

481. STUDIES IN IRISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

482. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY POETRY 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

483. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY THEATRE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

484. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY FICTION 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

485. CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH GRAMMAR 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of contemporary theories of English grammar. Focuses on ways of learning and thinking about grammar with respect to contemporary English usage.

486. STUDIES IN MODERN DRAMA 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Specific topic announced in advance.

488. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of the sounds, forms, and syntax of Early, Middle, Early Modern, and Modern English—from its first, fraught centuries to its shape-shifting roles in the global community today. Also introduces the fundamentals of more general linguistic study.

489. STUDIES IN RHETORIC AND COMPOSITION 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Study of rhetoric, composition theory, and pedagogy, including a practicum.

490. HISTORY OF LITERARY THEORY AND CRITICISM 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Elements of literary theory, and a survey of the major theorists from Plato to the present.

491. FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM 3 cr. Study of various theories of feminist literary criticism. Topics include the social construction of gender and identity, the possibilities for women’s creative expression, and the influence of gender-related issues on the study of literary texts.

495. CRITICAL PRACTICE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Survey of options available to literary critics of the twentieth century, and practice in the application of criticism to literary texts.

496. FRAMED NARRATIVES: NOVEL AND CINEMA 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Structural and thematic functions of pictorial and narrative frameworks in film and novel.

497. HOPKINS SEMINAR 3 cr. Prerequisites: a 200-level literature course and permission of the chair. Advanced, special seminar in literature taught by the visiting Hopkins professor; specific topic announced in advance.

498. INDEPENDENT STUDY 1‑3 cr. Prerequisites: a 200-level literature course; consent of project advisor and department chair. Special projects in literature. Projects must be approved before registration. See chair for forms and guidelines.

499. SPECIAL STUDIES 1‑3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course. Selected topics announced in advance.