Professors: J. B. Miller, J. J. Schmidt, M. E. Beadle (Chair), A. R. Stephenson; Associate Professors: D. R. Bruce, B. G. Brossmann, K. L. Gygli, M. O. Finucane, R. D. Hendrickson; Assistant Professor: C. Buchanan; Visiting Instructor: S. Stashower

The Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts is a nationally lauded program dedicated to providing students with the theory and practice that will allow them to flourish in today’s convergent communications environment. In spring 2009 the department was renamed to honor John Carroll alumnus Tim Russert ’72 (1950-2008), award-winning journalist and long-time moderator of NBC’s “Meet the Press.”

The major provides students opportunities to develop leadership, advocacy, critical thinking, and communication excellence in writing, speaking, and performing. The discipline is studied from the viewpoints of interpersonal relations, organizational communication, journalism, rhetoric, public relations, theatre, and multimedia channels (e.g., broadcasting, film, Internet). Students take courses in each area and then develop their own program with the assistance of a department advisor. When applying to major in communication, a minimum GPA of 2.25 is required.

In addition to a major and a minor, the department offers a concentration in political communication and participates in the concentrations offered in environmental studies and perspectives in sex and gender.

Department faculty direct programs in debate, radio and television broadcasting, journalism, public relations, and theatre. Department facilities include the WJCU-FM radio station, the Marinello Little Theatre, Kulas Auditorium, the Klein Television Studio, the debate lab, and the multimedia journalism lab.

Qualified senior majors may participate in independent study or an internship to gain experience in research or a communications industry. The department has connections with a wide range of organizations with which to place students.

Recent John Carroll Communication and Theatre Arts alumni have careers in broadcasting, public relations and advertising, sales and promotions, marketing and management, theatre administration, and education, as well as with foundations and nonprofit organizations. The major is an excellent foundation for those who desire to pursue graduate study in communication and theatre, management, education, public affairs, or law.

CO 100 is required of all students for graduation. Students with a year or more of high school speech may test out of CO 100 by passing both a written examination and an oral presentation.

Major and Minor Requirements
Major in Communication and Theatre Arts:39 credit hours.CO 200, 201, 220, 225, 245, 280.One course from the following group: CO 215, 235, 265, 285.

One course from the following group: CO 441, 446, 450, 465, 467, 470.

Five additional courses at the 300 or 400 level.

Minor in Communication and Theatre Arts: 21 credit hours.

Three of the following: CO 200, 201, 220, 225, 245, 280.

One course from the following group: CO 215, 235, 265, 285.

Three additional courses at the 300 or 400 level.

Practicum courses and CO 100 do not apply toward the department major, minor, or Division II of the University Core. Note: No more than a total of four hours may be earned toward graduation requirements in any combination of CO 140, 145, 150, 155, 160, 175, or 180. No more than three hours can be earned in any one practicum.

Qualified senior majors may participate in internships and independent study. Not only can they earn credits for their work, but also gain experience in a communications industry. The department has an established network of internships in the Cleveland area – one of the country’s largest communications markets. Internships are available at major television stations, cable companies, radio stations, sports industries, newspapers, and theatres. Interns studying public relations and interpersonal communications have been placed on a regular basis with Cleveland companies and advertising agencies.

Secondary teaching students may select sequences of courses leading to licensure in language arts. Timely consultation with a departmental advisor is essential to ensure that requirements of the State of Ohio are satisfied.

The department offers a master’s degree in communications management. Course requirements are listed in the Graduate Studies Bulletin.

100. SPEECH COMMUNICATION 2 cr. Principles of oral communication; application of theory as it relates to preparation and delivery of speeches.

101H. PRINCIPLES OF ORAL COMMUNICATION 1 cr. Applications of theory as it relates to the preparation and delivery of speeches. For students in Honors Program only.

140. JOURNALISM PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Reporting and editing for publication. Interviewing techniques, beat reporting, newspaper graphics, layout, and design. Students also learn the Apple Macintosh computer system as applied to journalism. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

145. DEBATE PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Credit for effective participation in forensic activities: preparation, research, and delivery and/or performance in debates. Requires participation in off-campus and weekend activities and prior debate experience or a demonstrated equivalency. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

150. RADIO PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Fundamental aspects of radio station organization and broadcast facility operation. Emphasis on the duties of and interrelationships among various departments at the broadcast station. Uses facilities of WJCU. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

155. PUBLIC RELATIONS PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Work on public relations campaigns, designing brochures, newsletters, and press releases. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

160. TELEVISION PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Effective participation in preparation and production of campus cable news program. Attendance at productions required; also, regular reports of progress, readings, and final paper. Pass/Fail only. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

161. SPORTS TELEVISION PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Effective participation in preparation for sports televising. Course requirement is to work as part of a crew for games televised for Ohio Sports Network during the semester. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

170. MOVEMENT FOR THE THEATRE 2 cr. Theories and development of movement for the actor. Character centering, relaxation, Alexander technique, neutralization of mannerisms.

175. THEATRE PRACTICUM 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Credit for effective participation in theatre productions; set construction, technical theatre, acting, backstage crew support. Participation in weekend and evening rehearsals required; attendance mandatory at all required rehearsals. Pass/Fail. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits.

180. PUBLIC SPEAKING PRACTICUM 1 cr. Prerequisite or corequisite: CO 100. Instructor permission required. Application of public speaking skills reflecting co-curricular experiences to be presented in community settings.

200. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Dyadic communication and the effect of diversity on culture, perception, language, nonverbal communication, listening and conflict in building relationships and reducing misunderstandings arising from prejudice or stereotypes in relationships. Ethical issues of interaction discussed.

201. INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION RESEARCH 3 cr. Increases knowledge and understanding of communication as an academic discipline. Focus is on developing hypotheses, applying qualitative and quantitative research methods, developing competency in identifying useful resources, critically analyzing these resources, and creating clear and concise written and oral arguments.

215. FUNDAMENTALS OF BROADCAST PERFORMANCE 3 cr. Analysis, interpretation, and communication of types of announcing performance areas: voice development, news presentation, interviewing, commercial delivery, and microphone and camera techniques plus applications in public relations and marketing, effectiveness of styles, and use of various scripts.

220. AMERICAN ELECTRONIC MEDIA 3 cr. Evolution of electronic media in the U.S. and their impact on society, economics, programming, technology, and convergence. Uses Klein Television Studio.

225. JOURNALISM 3 cr. Introduction to news writing and analysis of news stories. Uses electronic newsroom. Emphasis on writing and developing information-gathering research skills for news production.

235. BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL SPEAKING 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 100. Extension of the types of public speaking introduced in CO 100. Emphasis on presentational requirements of business and the professions, including videotaped reports, special occasion speeches, manuscript delivery, analytical and technical reports, motivational and persuasive speeches.

245. ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 100. Analysis of argumentation theory and its application in debates on significant contemporary problems. Consideration of propositions, issues, evidence, analysis, briefing, case construction, and refutation.

265. ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 3 cr. Problems in analysis, criticism, interpretation, and communication of literature. Classroom performance in oral interpretation of various types of prose, drama, and poetry.

270. PLAYWRITING (395) 3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. The art and craft of the playwright through play analysis and discussion of Aristotle’s six elements of drama. The playwriting process (idea, scenario, characters, draft), contemporary relationships in the theatre, and oral reading of an original one-act script.

280. INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 3 cr. History and development of theatre arts from the ancient Greeks to the present. Detailed examination of the components of live theatre and the contributions of actors, directors, designers, playwrights, and critics to the creation of theatre. Requires attending area theatrical production.

285. ACTING FOR THE STAGE 3 cr. Problems, basic performance, and rehearsal techniques for the actor. Practice in creative exercises and improvisations; studies in character development and physical/vocal work. Examination of historical development of the actor and theories of acting. Classroom performance/critique of scenes.

295. SCREENWRITING 3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. The craft of writing for the screen through film analysis, discussion of screenwriting format, dramatic elements, character and plot development, legal issues, marketing of scripts, and agent representation.

300. SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATIONS 3 cr. Small group theory, leadership, decision-making, and communication skills. Practical application of group-discussion concepts.

305. INTERVIEWING PRINCIPLES 3 cr. Analysis of the theories, methods, and research in survey, journalistic, employment, and persuasive/sales interviews. Involves research and practice in various interviewing settings.

308. LITERARY JOURNALISM 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Writing and publishing in-depth features for newspapers, magazines, and books with emphasis on the study of classic works by Berner, McPhee, Thompson, Didion, and others.

314. THEATRE PRODUCTION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 280. Introduction to theatre backstage production, including leadership. Aesthetic and practical aspects to the process of producing a play. Theory and technique in the use of computer equipment and the backstage process of production and technical support. Use of the promptbook. Backstage crew work on a show at several levels, including student leadership roles. Uses Marinello and Kulas Auditorium as laboratories.

315. PUBLIC RELATIONS 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Functional role of public relations as a tool of leadership in organizations: research, planning, writing, communicating, and evaluation. Analysis of public relations campaigns, ethics, methodologies, and their impact.

316. THE DOCUMENTARY IN FILM AND TELEVISION 3 cr. Rise of the documentary from pioneers through the work of Flaherty, Lorentz, Riefenstahl, Grierson, Murrow, Wiseman, and Burns, among others. Historical, informational, news, poetic, persuasive, and propaganda documentaries and techniques.

317. FILM AND COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Rise of the American film industry with attention to the evolution of camera techniques, sound, and special effects. American classic films, directors, stars, and institutions from 1895 to 1960.

318. INTERNATIONAL FILM: SILENT TO MODERN ERA 3 cr. Historical exploration of the development of film as an international phenomenon from its beginnings in France to the modern era. Historical background and related cultural elements in affecting the creation of films. Various film schools and directors are examined with attention to the evolution of styles and storytelling methods

319. TELEVISION PRODUCTION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 220. Introduction to television production, including leadership, program idea development, research and preplanning, balancing information and entertainment values, and studio procedures and direction. Uses Klein Television Studio.

320. AUDIO PRODUCTION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 220 or permission of instructor. Fundamental theory and techniques in the use of audio equipment and basic audio production. Includes scripting, editing, and production of several program forms. Uses facilities of WJCU and O’Malley Center as a laboratory.

321. MULTICULTURALISM AND THE MASS MEDIA 3 cr. History, problems, roles, struggles, and contributions of major ethnic groups in the U.S. in relation to mass media. Stereotyping, access limitations, evolution of ethnic media, issues, and problems in American mass media systems.

322. WOMEN IN MASS MEDIA 3 cr. Examines the historical contributions of women to the development of mass media and critiques the portrayal of women in the media and impact of that portrayal on society. Includes print, advertising, TV, film, photography, news, and alternative media.

323. ELECTRONIC SALES AND MARKETING 3 cr. Sales function in commercial radio, television, and cable. Theory and practical application in electronic media advertising, sales, and research. Discussion of media competitive advantages, as well as vocabulary and techniques of electronic media sales.

324. VIDEO GRAPHICS AND ANIMATION 3 cr. Examines the aesthetic and practical dimensions of creating still-frame and animated images for the video screen. Students create graphics and animations, and learn techniques to enhance visual literacy and to “read” images more critically.

325. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Process of doing major investigative and explanatory journalism projects with use of databases, original public records research, information-gathering interviews, and article writing.

326. SPORTS BROADCASTING 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 220. Study and practical experience in all jobs necessary for live-to-tape broadcasts of John Carroll University sporting events. Students must be able to attend events on weekends.

330. PHOTOJOURNALISM 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225 or permission of instructor; corequisite: CO 331. Role of the photographer as communicator and as member of an editorial team at newspapers and magazines. Analysis of noted photojournalists and creative theory and art of photojournalism. Editorial decisions about the composing, editing, layout, and eventual publication of news and feature photos. Photo assignments and photo essays. Requires use of on-campus darkroom as a laboratory.

331. PHOTOJOURNALISM LABORATORY 1 cr. Corequisite: CO 330.

335. ILLUSTRATIVE PHOTOGRAPHY 3 cr. Corequisite: CO 336. The art and science of magazine and advertising photography. Includes use of large-format cameras and color film.


340. BROADCAST AND BROADBAND AUDIO MEDIA 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 220 or permission of instructor. Examines development of broadcast radio and broadband audio services. Focal points include emerging business structures, programming, and unique issues facing broadcast radio, satellite radio, podcasting, and streaming audio services such as Internet radio.

341. PERSPECTIVES IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN POLITICAL DISCOURSE 3 cr. Examines how various groups and causes make use of public expression to seek redress of grievances or to attempt significant social, political, or economic changes. Specific groups and causes may vary.

343. INTERNATIONAL THEATRE 3 cr. Examines performance outside of Europe and the U.S. Topics range from Latin America and the Caribbean to Africa and Asia. History, critical theory, production methods, and plays of these theatres. Topics vary according to semester.

345. TOPICS IN NORTH AMERICAN THEATRE AND PERFORMANCE 3 cr. History and critical analysis of theatre and performance in North America. Topics vary according to semester, but can range from Canadian, U.S., and Mexican/Chicano theatre to African-American theatre or popular theatres such as vaudeville and musical theatre.

346. CAMPAIGN ISSUES AND IMAGES (445) 3 cr. Issues, images, and rhetorical and communication strategies of selected candidates in current political campaigns. Offered during the fall semester of election years.

355. MULTIMEDIA 3 cr. Study of the thought processes and aesthetics in the production of multimedia from initial concept through development to actual construction. Students create individual projects using Dreamweaver and Flash Animation and learn to analyze and critique professional work using electronic newsroom.

365. DESIGN FOR THE STAGE 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 275. Aesthetic, practical, and process orientation to set, costume, and properties design for the stage. Includes drawing, drafting, and written analysis of plays and musicals. The process of this collaborative art is explored through group and individual projects. Basic drawing and drafting tools required.

375. DIRECTING FOR THE STAGE 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 265 or 280 or 285, or permission of instructor. Theory and practice of the director’s function: play analysis, concept and interpretation, casting, rehearsing, staging techniques, using the promptbook. Examination of historical development of the director. Exercises in case studies and criticism. Classroom performance/critiques of scenes.

380. INTERNATIONAL JOURNALISM 3 cr. Systematic, comparative study of the role of the press in foreign countries and the U.S. How the press operates within specific countries as well as how the identities of these countries are shaped through the media.

384. LIGHTING FOR THE STAGE 3 cr. Prerequisites: CO 215; 275; 280; 365. Aesthetic, practical, and process orientation to lighting design. Implementation for the stage and television, practiced through group and individual projects. Lab fee for drafting equipment.

386. MEDIA LITERACY 3 cr. Examination of the interplay of media, self, information, and society to understand the role of media in shaping culture and social reality. Encourages the development of a critical approach to all mediated messages in a complex, information-based society.

389. SOCIAL ISSUES IN JOURNALISM 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Researching and communicating social issues through journalism. Focus on use of data, interpreting and writing about public affairs, and examining how the news media report on social issues. Topics can include reporting on issues in health care, the environment, poverty, and immigration.

390. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 200. Influence of cultural background on cross-cultural communication experiences. Asian cultures will serve as a basis for comparison of a variety of cultures. How differences in verbal and nonverbal messages, perceptions, values, and ethics affect communication.

397. WRITING FOR THE VISUAL MEDIA 3 cr. Writing for television, radio, and news media. Principles, formats, and techniques for writing commercials, news features, documentaries, talk shows, variety and comedy programs, reality TV, educational and corporate presentations, children’s media, and news media. Students are required to write a one-hour drama and half-hour sitcom for television as their final writing project.

399. SEMINAR/SPECIAL TOPICS IN COMMUNICATION 1-3 cr. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Responsibility for this course rotates among department faculty, a new area of study being specified by each. Topic will be announced in the semester course schedule.

400. ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Analysis of communication within and between organizations. Topics include management theory, organizational culture, leadership in organizations, implementing change, conflict, decision making, reputation building, research in organizations, ethics, and technology.

407. WRITING FOR PUBLIC RELATIONS 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 315. Emphasizes persuasive and advocacy writing and research strategies. Topics include news releases; ghost-written speeches; press kits; fact sheets, annual reports, company newsletters, and stockholder communications. Information bases and the effect of new technologies will be addressed.

410. EDITING AND DESIGN 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Advanced study of theory and practice in presenting news, features, and information in various formats, including newspapers, magazines, and websites. A senior-level course that sums up journalism studies, polishes skills in copy editing, instructs students in print and web design, and examines future directions of the news media, specifically in convergent journalism.

415. PUBLIC RELATIONS CAMPAIGNS 3 cr. Planning and implementation of PR campaigns both in crisis and non-crisis situations.

417. INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 315. Focus on communication mix on Internet, media advertising, public relations, and one-to-one marketing. Analysis of the most effective strategies and tactics for delivering the message in today’s complex environment.


420. ADVANCED ANIMATION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 319 or 324. Advanced principles of animated production; critical analysis of Hollywood, independent, and international animation; history of animated film and video.

421. LINEAR/NON-LINEAR EDITING 3 cr. Prerequisites: CO 319 and permission of instructor; corequisite: CO 419. Examination of aesthetic decisions and skills in planning and production of television programs. Exploration of editing theory using linear and non-linear systems based on both analog and digital approaches. Examines creative approaches to video development, using both field facilities and the Klein Television Studio as laboratories.

424. NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 200. Non-language dimensions of human communication such as interpersonal distance, touch, eye contact, and use of time. Emphasis on nonverbal communication in non-Western cultures.

435. BROADCAST PROGRAMMING PRINCIPLES 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 220 or permission of instructor. Problems of broadcasting management, programming, sales, promotion, and marketing. Exploration of related issues in both commercial and noncommercial broadcast media.

438. MULTIMEDIA NEWS REPORTING 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 225. Focuses on the differences and similarities in reporting style, writing style, visual style, and production for news as presented on radio, TV, Internet, and cable news. Includes analysis of news content, ethical responsibilities of reporters and managers, effects on society. Students develop a news program for TV and Internet.

440. EVENT PLANNING 3 cr. Prerequisites: permission of instructor. An understanding of, and experience with, the communicative strategies and behaviors associated with effective meetings, conferences, and special events. Draws on theoretical areas of communication to study effective planning, providing opportunities to integrate theory and application.

441. RHETORICAL THEORY AND CRITICISM 3 cr. Analyzes rhetorical theory with an emphasis on criticism of persuasive discourse found in a variety of texts, including speeches, novel, film, music, and campaigns. Theories and texts range from classical to contemporary.

446. PERSUASIVE COMMUNICATION THEORY 3 cr. Contemporary theories of persuasion; theory construction, experimental field research, and applications to political, business, professional, interpersonal, and other settings.

447. PRESIDENTIAL COMMUNICATION 3 cr. Communicative strategies and constraints of the American presidency from the perspective of political communicative theory as well as the careers and communicative abilities of individual presidents.

449. POLITICS, PUBLIC POLICY AND THE MEDIA 3 cr. Analysis and critique of the dynamics between the news media, political campaigns, and the voting public. Historical perspective on selected campaigns with an emphasis on social, political, and economic shifts in American society.

450. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION THEORY 3 cr. Historical overview of theories of communication from classical era to present. Emphasis on diversification of communication theory and its expansion into new areas, including mass communication, in the 20th century and beyond.

455. HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL WRITING 3 cr. Researching and communicating environmental and health issues through the media. Focuses on interpreting and writing scientific and technical information in an accessible way and understanding strategies of risk communication.

456. ADVANCED MULTIMEDIA 3 cr. Prerequisite: CO 355. Advanced theory and practice in multimedia design, including idea development, information flow, system links, and branching. Uses Flash, Dreamweaver, FrontPage, Photoshop, Fireworks, and others.

465. MEDIA ETHICS 3 cr. Ethical theories and their application in media issues such as news story selection, Internet privacy, public relations, photography, art, and entertainment. Includes analysis of professional codes of ethics and extensive use of case studies.

467. COMMUNICATIONS AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT 3 cr. First Amendment theory, legal opinion, and practical implications for the freedom of speech and press, including the mass media.

470. THEATRE HISTORY AND CRITICISM 3 cr. Survey of the theory and history of the theatre and drama from the Greeks to the present day. Relationship between the theatre and the social and aesthetic values of its time.

475. LITTLE THEATRE WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisites: prior participation in Little Theatre Workshop productions; and permission of instructor. Specified problems of an advanced nature in playwriting, acting, directing, designing, and management. Concentration on the growth of the student as an artist in the theatre. Requires a major project and research analysis. Required work in Little Theatre Workshop productions.

476. LITTLE THEATRE WORKSHOP, DESIGN, AND MANAGEMENT 3 cr. Prerequisites: CO 275, 365; prior participation in Little Theatre Productions; and permission of instructor. Concentration on the growth of the student as an artist in the theatre. Requires major project, research analysis, and appropriate technical drawings. All work in Little Theatre Workshop productions.

497. INTERNSHIP 3, 6 cr. Prerequisites: senior standing; normally at least 2.5 overall average. Open only to majors. Permission of internship director required. Supervised and directed experiential learning in a position relevant to a major sequence of study. Pass/Fail. No more than 3 credits may be applied toward completion of the major.

499. INDEPENDENT STUDY 1-3 cr. Prerequisites: CO major; permission of instructor and chair. Particular problem in communication examined in depth. Final paper and oral examination. Projects must be approved prior to registration. Consult chair for details.