Professors: K. M. Gatto, H. N. Sanko, T. R. Nevin; Associate Professors: G. J. Sabo, S.J., D. G. Anderson, A. Pérez-Romero, E. Luengo, S. Casciani, M. Pereszlenyi-Pinter (Chair), G. Compton-Engle, K. J. Karolle-Berg; Assistant Professor: M. L. Thornton, L. Ferri,; Visiting Instructors: K. Nakano, K. A. Ehrhardt, Z. Shao

The Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures prepares students to become part of an internationally complex world. Students with translingual and transcultural competence excel in careers in business, law, medicine, education, and government. Through the study of languages and cultures at John Carroll and our programs abroad via the Center for Global Education, our students:

  • engage in active learning through proficiency-based instruction, state-of-the-art technology, and an emphasis on hands-on, international experience.
  • gain knowledge of cultural perspectives, products, and practices to enable them to understand the nuances of cultural diversity.
  • learn to communicate skillfully and effectively in multiple forms of expression.
  • increase their ability to act competently in a global and diverse world.
  • further develop their critical analytical skills with a global perspective.
  • prepare themselves to enter competitive markets or graduate and professional programs.

Consistent with the University’s mission, the department is committed to contributing to the development of students into responsible citizens of the world who excel in learning, leadership, and service.

The department offers majors and minors in Classical Languages (Latin, Ancient Greek), Classical Studies, French, German, and Spanish.

Courses are also available in Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Russian, Slovak, and International Cultures. These programs are individually listed in the Bulletin.

Interdisciplinary minors and concentrations include East Asian Studies (p. 84), International Business (p. 88), International Economics and Modern Language (p. 88), Italian Studies (p. 89), Latin American and Latino Studies (p. 89), and Modern European Studies (p. 85).

Core Courses and the Language Requirement

Major and Minor Requirements*


Major in Classics: 33 credit hours.

Classical Languages track: Nine courses in GK and/or LT at any level, including LT/GK 301, 490, 491, and one other 300-level language course; CL 301 or 302; and another CL course. A comprehensive examination is required.

Classical Studies track: Six 3-credit courses in GK and/or LT at any level, plus CL 220; two of the following: CL 301, CL 302, AH 317, or another approved CL, HS, or AH course; two of the following: PL 210, RL 205, or another approved PL or RL course. At least nine credits must be at the 300 level or above.


Major in French: 36 credit hours, including FR 315 and 325/326 or equivalents. Details on page 222.

French track: May include one course (3 credit hours) with French or Francophone content from International Cultures (IC) or approved cognate areas. A comprehensive examination is required.

French Studies track: May include up to 4 courses (12 credit hours) with French or Francophone content from International Cultures (IC) or approved cognate areas. A comprehensive examination is required.

Major in German: 34-36 credit hours, as follows: GR 101-102, 201-202, 301-302, and at least two additional GR courses at the 300 level or higher. An experiential learning component: GR 275, 396, or 496. Two courses at the 200 level or above in a cognate area (history, political science, philosophy). One IC or ML course. Details on page 225.

Major in Spanish: 36 credit hours, as follows: SP 201-202 and/or 301-302; 311 or 314; 315; 321; 325-326 or 327-328. Five additional upper-division courses, two of which must be 400-level literature courses; one of the remaining three may be an IC course in literature. A comprehensive examination is required. Details on page 330.

*ML 308 (Teaching Languages) is required for majors seeking licensure in secondary education.

Minors in French, German, or Spanish: 21 hours, beginning at any level.

Minor in Greek or Latin: 18 hours in GK or LT at any level; two CL courses may be substituted.

Minor in Classical Studies: 18 hours; two GK or LT courses may be substituted.


The Division I Core requirement in languages (6 credits) is met with two sequential courses in the same language. Students may begin a new language or continue a language at their entry level of competence, as determined by placement examination.

Division II Core requirements and special designations (R/S/D/W/L) may be met with approved literature or culture courses taught in the department, offered either in the original language or in English (CL for classical studies and IC for modern languages).

Study Abroad

The department participates in the following semester or year-long programs abroad:

  • Chinese: Beijing (Jesuit Center)
  • German: Universität Dortmund, Germany (exchange program)
  • Italian: Vatican City (John Carroll program; fall semester)
  • Japanese: Sophia University (Tokyo), Nanzan University (Nagoya), Kansai Gaidai University (Osaka)
  • Latin: Loyola University, Rome
  • Spanish: Costa Rica, Madrid (John Carroll programs; fall semester); Monterrey (Mexico)

The following short programs are also sponsored by the department:

  • French: France (spring break)
  • Italian: Italy (spring break and summer institute)
  • Japanese: Japan (3-week summer study-tour; every other year)

With the advisor’s permission, arrangements are made individually with the department chair and the Center for Global Education. Students studying abroad will normally be juniors with at least a 2.5 GPA. Early consultation is advised.

Students who study abroad in their major must fulfill a residence requirement of no fewer than 6 semester hours of credit, usually at the 400 level, upon return from abroad. The department may require more than 6 semester hours of credit in the case of obvious deficiencies.

Teaching Licensure

Students seeking licensure for teaching are reminded that the equivalent of 30-48 semester hours of credit is required for a Multi-Age teaching licensure in Latin or a modern language. They are required to take ML 308 (Teaching Languages), described on page 278.