In addition to the required major and optional minor programs, the University also offers a number of interdisciplinary minors and concentrations as options to supplement and strengthen specific degree majors. These programs consist of approximately 18 to 39 semester hours of course work in which the student has attained at least a 2.0 (C) average. To qualify, students must complete all the requirements of the related major as specified in this Bulletin. A completed minor or concentration is noted on the transcript. For further details about minors and concentrations, and recommended courses, students are advised to contact the coordinator/director or the chair of a department participating in the minor or concentration.

Interdisciplinary Minors

The following three interdisciplinary minors have their own sections in this Bulletin; please consult the listed pages for detailed information. The other interdisciplinary minors are described below.

East Asian Studies—See page 183 for information.

Entrepreneurship—See page 217 for information.

Catholic Studies—Under the auspices of the Institute of Catholic Studies, this concentration aims at promoting serious reflection on the richness and vitality of the Catholic intellectual tradition through the ages. This concentration is interdisciplinary in nature, highlighting within the history of ideas the contribution of Catholic intellectuals and scholars across various disciplines. The Catholic Studies concentration enables students to assess human intellectual activity and experience in the light of the Catholic faith, and to examine the Roman Catholic Church’s dynamic interaction with and interpenetration of cultures, traditions, and intellectual life. The concentration consists of 18 credit hours from approved Catholic Studies courses distributed among the following disciplines: one course in theology and religious studies, one course in philosophy, one course in the humanities, and two electives from approved Catholic Studies courses. The final course in the concentration is a required seminar, “The Classics of the Catholic Intellectual Tradition,” an interdisciplinary course in which students read the works of significant Catholic intellectuals from across the ages as a way of integrating the perspectives studied in their other courses within the concentration. In fulfilling these requirements, a student must take a minimum of three courses at the 300-400 level. Courses offered as part of the Catholic Studies concentration may satisfy Core Curriculum requirements or major/minor requirements within a specific discipline. Students in the concentration are encouraged to study abroad in programs that offer their own courses in Catholic thought and experience, including the John Carroll program in Rome. Scholarships and summer internships are also available. Coordinator: Dr. Paul V. Murphy, Director, Institute of Catholic Studies.

Forensic Behavioral Science—Forensics is the application of science to the field of law. There is a wide variety of careers in this general area; students who are interested in the application of specific skills to the criminal and legal processes are encouraged to explore the minor, which is open to all students regardless of major.

The minor consists of 25 credit hours in courses taken in the Department of Psychology and the Department of Sociology and Criminology. (Please note that PS 101 is prerequisite to all other PS courses and that SC 101 is prerequisite to all other SC courses.) To complete the minor, all students are required to take SC 223 (Forensics: Overview of Crime Scene Analysis). All students also must elect either PS 370 (Forensic Psychology) or SC 388 (Forensic Science in Criminal Justice).

Required course work in ethics may be completed by taking one of the following courses: SC 300 (The Death Penalty), SC 435 (Law, Ethics, and Criminal Justice Policy), or PS 471 (Seminar in Ethics in Psychology).

Students are required to take two additional courses in psychology from the following list of courses: PS 435, PS 455, PS 457, PS 470, and PS 471. (Note: PS 471 may not be used to fulfill this requirement if it has been used to fulfill the requirement in ethics.)

Students are required to take two additional courses in sociology and criminology from the following list of courses: SC 220, SC 240, SC 300, SC 343, SC 435, SC 440, and SC 365. (Note: neither SC 300 nor SC 435 may be used to fulfill this requirement if it has been used to fulfill the requirement in ethics.)

Students must also complete either SC 494 of PS 494 (Internship in Forensic Behavioral Science.) These are field-based internships; the field experience and the accompanying academic seminar provide the student with direct experience in forensic behavioral science. This course is taken in the senior year after completion of 18 hours in the minor. Please contact the coordinator of the program for further information regarding scheduling, requirements, and advice related to this minor. Coordinator: Dr. Duane Dukes, Department of Sociology and Criminology.

Leadership Development (LP)The leadership development minor exposes students to leadership theory and practice, guides them in their leadership development, and offers them opportunities to gain leadership experiences.  The minor is a cutting-edge representation of what it means to build leadership capacity in others; it helps John Carroll students live our mission of inspiring “individuals to excel in learning, leadership, and service in the region and in the world.”

Like leadership itself, the minor is interdisciplinary in nature; it has the flexibility to align with the needs and interests of individual students.  Perhaps the most unique aspect of the Leadership Development minor, one that sets it apart from other schools, is that students have the opportunity to participate in a number of one-credit “learning labs” designed to reinforce leadership concepts and theories experientially and to put what is being learned into action.  These labs focus on topics such as identifying personal attributes and creating a vision, motivating others, building a team, and implementing a strategy.  Coordinator: Dr. Beth Martin, Department of Psychology.

Modern European Studies—This minor allows students to pursue concentrated thematic or regional study of Europe from the Enlightenment to the present in the fields of history, politics, literature, culture, and economics. Students participating in the minor are strongly encouraged to study abroad.

The program consists of 24 credit hours, including six hours of language beyond the six required for the University Core, to be taken in the modern European language satisfied for the Core (12 hours total in the same language). Students who complete 301/302 in fulfillment of their Core language requirement are not required to take additional courses to fulfill the MES proficiency requirement. Languages applied toward the minor should be those taught at John Carroll. Other requirements include a “depth” and a “breadth” requirement. The depth requirement should include at least three elective courses from a list of approved courses (available from the coordinators), usually taken in the student’s major area; one of these courses should be a seminar, an upper-level course, or a senior thesis on a topic related to Modern European Studies. The breadth requirement should include at least three courses from the Modern European Studies approved list in three departments outside the student’s major. Up to two courses at the 100- or 200-level from the list of approved courses may be applied to the depth or breadth requirement. Given the importance of foundational course work for a richer appreciation of modern European developments, students may apply one course in Medieval or Early Modern European fields toward fulfilling the MES minor. Upon completion of these requirements, students will receive a certificate in Modern European Studies. Coordinators: Dr. John McBratney, Department of English; Dr. Anne Kugler, Department of History.

Population and Public Health (PPH)—This interdisciplinary minor is for students in any major interested in protecting and improving the health of communities. The minor addresses biological, social and cultural, environmental, ethical, and public policy influences on a population’s health and requires critical, cross-disciplinary thinking applied to solving health problems. The course of study consist of three parts, altogether totaling 10 credit hours of prerequisite courses that simultaneously fulfill divisional John Carroll Core requirements: Biology: BL 112/112L with a grade of B or better, or BL 156, BL 158. Statistics: a grade of C or better must be earned in MT 122, MT 228, MT 229, or EC 208. Social and behavioral science: SC 101 or SC 245.

In addition to the prerequisite courses, student will fulfill 26-27 credit hours of requirements in the core areas of Population and Public Health. Public health: SC 273 and AR 273. Epidemiology: BL 240. Environmental studies: Choose one from BL 109/109L, SC 290, SC 380, or PO 361. Social and behavioral health: Choose one from BL 260, SC 275, SC 285, SC 315, SC 343, SC 370, SC 385, or PS 226. Policy studies: Choose one from PO 204, PO 309, or PO 397 (Crisis Mapping). Global health: Choose one course not taken to fulfill other PPH requirements from BL 260 or SC 370. Public health practice: AR 473 (capstone course with internship). Elective course: Choose one course not taken for other PPH minor requirements from BL 260, BL 310/310L, BL 410, PE 200, PL 316, PO 309, PO 397 (Crisis Mapping), PS 226, SC 275, SC 285, SC 315, SC 330, SC 343, SC 370, or SC 385. Coordinator: Dr. James Lissemore, Department of Biology.

Note: Admission to the minor is limited by the enrollment cap for AR 473.

Interdisciplinary Concentrations

Africana Studies—This concentration is designed to provide students with a focused, systematic, and interdisciplinary plan to study multifaceted issues central to the African Diaspora. The concentration offers two tracks—African Diaspora Cultural Studies and African-American Cultural Studies in Africana Studies. Each track is 22 hours and shares a common core of courses. The following courses are required for all students: BL 115/115L, either PS 342 or SC 255, and AR 499 (Senior Seminar: Program Evaluation and Policy Studies). Students must meet with the concentration coordinator at least one semester prior to enrolling in AR 499.

African-American Cultural Studies students are additionally required to take one course each from four of the groups labeled A through F, for a total of 12 hours: Group A—HS 131, 343, 495; Group B—PL 390, 398 (with coordinator approval); Group C—RL 299 (with approval), 399 (with approval); Group D—PO 310, 312, 315, 316; Group E—EN 278, 299 (with approval); Group F—CO 321, 344.

African Diaspora Cultural Studies students are additionally required to take one course each from four of the groups labeled A through D, for a total of 12 hours: Group A—HS 131; Group B—PL 285, 390; Group C—RL 299 (with approval), 328; Group D—PO 397; Group E—EN 286, EN 480, IC 240. Coordinators: Dr. Sheri Young, Department of Psychology; Dr. Tamba Nlandu, Department of Philosophy.

Aging Studies—This concentration provides an in-depth understanding of the aging process. Usually the recommended major is sociology and criminology, psychology, or religious studies, but all other majors are possible. The concentration consists of 22 hours, including 16 hours of required courses in sociology, psychology, and religious studies, with a required four-hour internship. The remaining six hours consist of approved electives. Most of the hours may be easily subsumed under Core and major requirements. The following are required: PS 265; RL 260; SC 285, 475, 490. The two electives, each from a different department, must be chosen from the following: PL 302; PS 280, 457, 462; RL 363; SC 295, 493. Coordinator: Dr. Phyllis Braudy Harris, Department of Sociology and Criminology.

Economics/Mathematics—Students must major in economics or mathematics. Both majors must take EC 201-202, 301, 302; MT 135-136, and 233. Economics majors must complete MT 421 or 422, and two mathematics electives numbered 271 or above. Mathematics majors must complete EC 410 and one other upper-division economics elective. Coordinators: Dr. Paul Shick, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science; Dr. Thomas J. Zlatoper, Department of Economics and Finance.

Environmental Studies—The Environmental Studies concentration acquaints students with the knowledge to understand and solve environmental problems: the operations of the physical, biological, and chemical systems of our planet; the human impact on them; the cultural bases of our interactions with nature; and the way in which political and social change impinges on our environment. Students pursue this concentration by completing the 21 credit hours selected from the following courses: AR 290/ 297; BL 103/103L, 109/109L, 111/111L, 155-160, 206/206L, 215/215L, 222, 224/224L, 240, 255, 331, 370, 410, 420, 424, 435/435L, 444/444L, 447/447L, 479; CH 103/103L, 105/105L, 141-144, 221-224; EC 315; PH 115/115L; PL 314, 315, 375; PO 204, 312, 361, 363, 464; SC 273, 290, 360, 380, 390. Occasional special topic courses may count toward the concentration with the coordinator’s approval.

Students majoring in the natural sciences are required to take three courses in the social sciences or humanities in at least two different disciplines. Students majoring in the social sciences or humanities are required to take three courses in the natural sciences in at least two different disciplines. Independent studies and internship opportunities may be arranged with the coordinator of the concentration. Coordinator: Dr. Wendy Wiedenhoft, Department of Sociology and Criminology.

International Business—Students wishing to focus their studies in international business select a major offered by the Boler School of Business: accountancy, economics (B.S.), finance, international business with language and culture, business logistics, marketing, or management. Selecting one of these majors presumes that the student must meet all requirements for admission to the Boler School and complete all courses required in the Business core. Additionally, the student must meet all course and other requirements of their selected major. The student must complete three courses from the following list (no two courses may be from the same area, and none of the courses listed may be used to simultaneously satisfy the major in the Boler School and the concentration): EC 342, 343, 352; FN 439; LG 361; MK 361; MN 361. It is also necessary to demonstrate foreign-language proficiency determined by John Carroll courses numbered 301-302 or through consultation with the coordinator of student services in the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures. Coordinator: Dr. Lawrence Cima, Department of Economics and Finance.

International Economics and Modern Languages—Students must major in economics or modern languages. The following courses are required: PO 103; EC 201, 202; two courses from EC 342, 343, 352; FN 439; and two more upper-division economics courses. EC 301 is required for economics majors and recommended for language majors. Economics majors are required to take four courses in one language at the 300 level or above. Language proficiency should be determined as early as possible. Both majors must take two other courses in the area of international studies. These two courses are to be chosen in consultation with the major advisor. Coordinator: Dr. Simran Kahai, Department of Economics and Finance.

International Studies—The International Studies concentration is administered through the Center for Global Education and is open to all majors. The concentration promotes an awareness of international diversity and global interdependence through the comparative study of cultures and analysis of international issues. Students in this concentration work with the director of the Center for Global Education to create a coherent course of study on a particular topic, issue, or world region. A minimum of 27 credit hours is required to complete the concentration, including:

  • The two international courses required by the University Core.
  • Proficiency in a foreign language through the intermediate level, demonstrated by taking the intermediate-level courses or placing out of them.
  • Other specified course work in three different departments, including the student’s major department.

Students are strongly encouraged to apply credits earned through study abroad to the concentration.

For more detailed information on this concentration, including particular course requirements, students should consult their advisors and the director of the Center for Global Education as early as possible. Coordinator: Dr. Andreas Sobisch, Department of Political Science, and Director, Center for Global Education.

Italian Studies—Developed by the Bishop Anthony M. Pilla Program in Italian-American Studies, this interdisciplinary concentration (art history, philosophy, history, and Italian) seeks to foster an appreciation of Italian and Italian American history and culture. Students are exposed to the major intellectual, artistic, and cultural contributions that Italians and Italian-Americans have made throughout history as they complete 21 credit hours of approved course work. Six of these credit hours must be in Italian language (2 IT courses at the 200 level or above), while 6 hours complete the Italian-American culture requirement. Additional courses that satisfy these requirements are designated each semester by the Italian Studies Committee. Coordinator: Dr. Santa Casciani, Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, and Director, Bishop Pilla Program in Italian American Studies.

Latin American and Latino Studies—The Latin American and Latino Studies concentration at John Carroll is multidisciplinary. Bringing together courses relevant to the study of Latin American and Latino culture, social structure, politics, and history, its primary goal is to offer students the opportunity to develop a basic level of expertise in Latin American studies. Above all, students who complete this program of study enhance their liberal arts education with a foreign area specialization. Depending upon the student’s particular major and focus within the concentration, this program prepares students for advanced study at the graduate level or for a career in business, journalism, government, or private development organizations.

The concentration is administered by the Latin American and Latino Studies Concentration Committee (LALSCC). The LALSCC is composed of faculty from several departments in the College of Arts and Sciences.

While requirements are flexible to accommodate students with different interests and majors, the concentration allows for and encourages a focus in a particular area of Latin American or Latino studies. If HS 274 or PO 254 is used to satisfy A.3. (below) of the core requirements, the concentration requires a minimum of eighteen course credits in addition to the language requirements.

Requirements:

  1. Core of the concentration:
    1. SP 301 (along with satisfaction of its prerequisites).
    2. At least three courses from history and political science, with at least one course from each of these disciplines.
    3. At least one course must be HS 274, PO 254, or SP 314.
    4. Electives of the concentration:

Nine hours of other courses from the list of approved courses (available at the LALSCC website) or accepted by the LALSCC through petition. For a current list of courses that may be used to satisfy the requirements of the concentration, please see either of the LALSCC coordinators or visit the concentration’s website at www.jcu.edu/latam. Coordinators: Dr. Gloria Vaquera, Department of Sociology and Criminology; Dr. Dwight R. Hahn, Department of Political Science.

Neuroscience—This concentration is coordinated by the Department of Psychology and is intended for biology, chemistry, and psychology majors who desire an interdisciplinary approach to the study of physiology, biochemistry, and behavior of higher organisms. A GPA of 2.5 in BL 155-158 and CH 141-144 is required for admission into the program.

Required courses for biology majors: BL 155, 156, 157, 158, 360, 360L; CH 141, 142, 143, 144, 221, 222, 223, 224; BL 475 and CH 431 (or CH 435 and 436); PS 326, 426, 497N (or an additional CH or PS course approved by the neuroscience coordinator). A GPA of 3.0 is required for enrollment in PS 497N.

Required courses for chemistry majors: BL 155, 156, 157, 158, 360, 360L; CH 141, 142, 143, 144, 221, 222, 223, 224, 435, 436, 437; PS 326, 426, 497N (or an additional BL or PS course approved by the neuroscience coordinator). A GPA of 3.0 is required for enrollment in PS 497N.

Required courses for psychology majors: BL 155, 156, 157, 158, 360, 360L; CH 141, 142, 143, 144, 221, 222, 223, 224; PS 101, 326, 386, 426, 497N (or an additional BL or Ch course approved by the neuroscience coordinator). A GPA of 3.0 is required for enrollment in PS 497N. Coordinator: Dr. Helen Murphy, Department of Psychology.

Perspectives on Sex and Gender—This concentration, open to all majors, explores in depth the question of sex and gender in contemporary society. The indicated sequence of courses will enable students to examine the philosophical and religious premises of sex roles; their historical, psychological, and social origins; and their political manifestations. In addition to prerequisites (see individual departments for details), these courses are included: CL 290; CO 322; EN 284, 445; HS 150, 371, 372; IC 163, 370; PL 290, 330, 398; PO 305; PS 261, 262, 342; RL 325, 364, 437; SC 255, 315, 320, 385. These are described in the course offerings of the various departments and count toward the concentration. Students may petition the coordinator for approval of additional courses. The concentration consists of 18 credits, no more than six of which may be taken in any one department. Coordinator: Dr. Brenda A. Wirkus, Department of Philosophy.

Political Communication—This concentration is open to students majoring in political science or communication. Students combine courses in journalism, electronic media, and rhetoric with classes in American and international politics to develop the critical and analytical knowledge by which to make sense of political communication. Political Communication prepares students for the study of or careers in policy analysis and issues in research, politics, and/or political journalism. Students must take three courses from each of the Group A courses in EACH department and one course from each of the Group B categories.

Group A courses: CO 346, 449, 465, 467; PO 101, 102, 103, 104.

Group B courses: Print Media—CO 325, 380; Electronic Media—CO 438; Communication & Politics—CO 341, 386, 447; American Politics—PO 207, 213, 301, 302, 310, 311, 312, 314, 316, 317, 318, 319, 410, 417; Comparative/International Politics—PO 242, 243, 254, 320, 321, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 355, 356; Public Policy—PO 305, 309, 315, 361. Coordinators: Dr. Douglas Bruce, The Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts; Dr. Larry Schwab, Department of Political Science.

Public Administration and Policy Studies—This program is open to political science and economics majors. It has three objectives: 1) to provide a preprofessional education in social sciences within a liberal arts curriculum; 2) to offer theoretical and analytical preparation for advanced training in public management, policy analysis, and applied social science; and 3) to equip students with knowledge and skills to serve in a variety of positions at the local, state, and federal levels of public service.

The concentration consists of 36 credits. Political Studies—required: PO 101, 204, 302; elective (one course): PO 213 or 312. Analytical Studies—Political Science majors: EC 201, 202, 312; PO 300; MT 122. Economics majors: EC 201, 202, 312; MT 122 or 167. Substantive Focus Studies (two courses): PO 305, 309, 361; EC 331. Internship: PO 390 (3 credit hours, an internship in government). Coordinator: Dr. Larry Schwab, Department of Political Science.

Centers, Institutes, and Programs

CENTERS

The Cardinal Suenens Center

The Cardinal Suenens Center honors the life and work of Leon Joseph Cardinal Suenens (1904-1996), Archbishop of Malines-Brussels and Primate of Belgium. The Center has the following goals: to study the achievements and heritage of Vatican Council II; to be attentive especially to the reception of the as yet unachieved goals of the council; and, through symposia, publications, and funded scholarly research, to increase understanding and pursuit of those goals; to further the ecumenical advances of the council through respectful dialogue; to bridge conversation between church leadership and the theological community; and to intersect the pastoral goals of Vatican Council II with those of the culture in response to the Church’s present call for “the evangelization of the culture.” Given the council’s recommendation that we be attentive to “the signs of the times,” the Center is actively involved in pursuing interfaith dialogue. Every other year, the Cardinal Suenens Center designates a recipient for the Living Water Award. Past honorees: 1996—Mother Teresa and Cardinal Joseph Bernardin; 1998—Cardinal Godfried Danneels; 2000—Cardinal Franz Koenig; 2002—Cardinal Roberto Tucci, S.J.; 2005—Helen Prejean, C.S.J.; 2006—Giuseppe Alberigo; 2010—Rev. Timothy Radcliffe, O.P. Each year an invitation is extended to a prominent person to deliver the Margaret F. Grace lecture on “Where do I find hope?” The distinguished list includes: Godfried Cardinal Danneels; Reverend Ronald Rolheiser, O.M.I.; Sister Elizabeth Johnson, C.S.J.; Sister Helen Prejean, C.S.J.; Reverend Richard Rohr, O.F.M.; Archbishop Michael Fitzgerald, M.Afr.; William Cardinal Leveda; Rev. Bryan Hehir; Rev. Michael Himes; Rev. Howard Gray, S.J.; Rev. Timothy Radcliffe, O.P. Director: Dr. Doris Donnelly, Department of Theology and Religious Studies.

The Center for Faculty Development

The Center for Faculty Development supports the University’s mission by providing resources to foster the professional development of the faculty. The center works collaboratively with other campus organizations to sponsor programming and provide funding for initiatives supporting faculty involvement in curricular and pedagogic innovation within and across disciplines. The center also seeks to promote intellectual community and to provide networking opportunities for faculty. It plays an active role in providing leadership, coordination, and support for teaching and research in the belief that good teacher-scholars change lives. Director: Dr. Anne Kugler, Department of History.

The Center for Global Education

The Center for Global Education exists to foster a vibrant international campus culture and supports University efforts towards a coherent program of international education for all John Carroll students. To this end, the center works closely with the University’s area studies and other international studies programs to develop and enhance international curricular and co-curricular offerings across the University. The center strives to expand opportunities for study abroad and international exchange; advises and works with international students and scholars; convenes student workshops on international awards and fellowships; and supports the Fulbright visiting lecturer series and other international-related events and programs. Director: Dr. Andreas Sobisch, Department of Political Science.

The Center for Mathematics and Science Education, Teaching and Technology (CMSETT)

The Center for Mathematics and Science Education, Teaching and Technology (CMSETT) was established at John Carroll University in 1999 with the mission to advance the quality of K-12 mathematics and science education in northeastern Ohio. This is accomplished through building upon successful initiatives of the University to improve mathematics and science instruction in local school districts and through collaboration with faculty and representatives of K-12 institutions, other higher education institutions, and other organizations in the region.

CMSETT provides professional development programs and workshops for mathematics and science educators based on the national vision for reform in science, mathematics, and technology education. The purpose of these programs is to improve content knowledge in the areas of science and mathematics and appropriate teaching strategies based on current research on human learning and effective practices. Courses may be taken for graduate credit.

A variety of professional development opportunities is offered to area mathematics and science teachers of grades K-12 each summer. In addition, specific programs are designed with individual districts to meet their needs for ongoing program improvement. Director: Linda Gojak.

The Center for Service and Social Action

The Center for Service and Social Action reflects the mission and commitment of John Carroll University regarding the formation of men and women who “excel in learning, leadership, and service.” The center seeks to educate for justice by offering the John Carroll community opportunities for learning through service by means of community-based learning, service-based immersion experiences, voluntary service activities for individuals and groups, and other service events and programs grounded in the theory of social justice and the practice of social action.

The center provides developmental and logistical support to students engaged in service, development opportunities to faculty who choose to integrate justice education and service into their courses, and outreach assistance and education partnerships to over 60 not-for-profit and faith-based organizations and agencies serving the Cleveland area. The center also connects with our national and international communities through service-based immersion experiences in destinations that include New Orleans, Honduras, and other locations. Director: Dr. Margaret Finucane, Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts.

INSTITUTES

Ignatian Spirituality Institute

The Ignatian Spirituality Institute (ISI) offers an educational program for the training of spiritual directors in the tradition of the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius Loyola. It is ideally suited to those interested in the ministry of spiritual direction and/or retreat work. More generally, the ISI offers adult Christians of any denomination theological and spiritual tools for deepening Christian life and ministry, whether in the home, parish, congregation, or workplace. Since the ISI is an affiliate program of the Department of Theology and Religious Studies, all of its courses are conducted at John Carroll University.

The ISI is a non-credit, non-degree certificate program running concurrently with the fall-spring academic calendar at the University. It is designed around three areas of study: theology/scripture, spirituality, and psychology/communication skills. Year I is academically focused; classes meet twice a month in the evenings along with occasional weekend workshops. Year II is focused on the supervised practicum in spiritual direction.

Requirements for admission include a written spiritual autobiography, three letters of recommendation, a record of education and work history, and an interview with the ISI Admissions Committee. Generally it is expected that ISI candidates will have completed a college degree, have several years of steady work and a variety of life experiences. The ISI Admissions committee may make exceptions to these general criteria.

Presently, the ISI is endowed by a generous grant from the F. J. O’Neill Charitable Corporation and by additional gifts from a variety of donors.

For further information, contact the Ignatian Spirituality Institute office at 216-397-1599. Director: Dr. Joan Nuth, Department of Theology and Religious Studies.

Institute of Catholic Studies

Over the centuries the Catholic tradition has encountered many opportunities to formulate faith in the context of the intellectual and scientific climate of the age. The Institute of Catholic Studies examines this interaction through a variety of initiatives: an undergraduate interdisciplinary minor in Catholic Studies (see page 82); faculty development workshops and seminars; sponsorship of a public lecture series; course development grants; and publication of Prism magazine. Each of these programs seeks to highlight, within the history of ideas, the contribution of Catholic intellectuals and scholars from a variety of disciplines. The institute also promotes the investigation of the interaction between the Church and society. Director: Dr. Paul V. Murphy, Assistant to the President for Mission and Identity.

Robert M. Ginn Institute for Corporate Social Responsibility

Named in honor of a retired Cleveland business executive and community leader, the Robert M. Ginn Institute builds upon the Cleveland business community’s record of social achievement and community spirit to establish a continuing program and dialogue on issues of social consequence to business. Through student internships and programs, the Ginn Institute seeks to enhance understanding of critical social issues and to foster a cooperative spirit among corporations, nonprofit organizations, and communities. In 1996 the Boler School established the Michael J. Lavelle, S.J., Fellowship/Internship Program, which funds internships for John Carroll students in private, nonprofit organizations in the Greater Cleveland area. Lavelle scholarships are funded by the Ginn Institute.

PROGRAMS

Arrupe Scholars Program for Social Action

The Arrupe Scholars Program for Social Action provides a framework for students to integrate their curricular and co-curricular experiences related to service and social justice in a reflective manner. Fr. Pedro Arrupe, S.J., was integral in guiding the Jesuits toward the goal, not just to inspire faith among those they encountered, but to inspire a faith that does justice. Arrupe’s commitment to justice was rooted in his love for his faith and for God. He coined the phrase “men and women for others,” a guideline for Jesuit institutions around the world.

Arrupe Scholars fulfill program requirements through academic courses as well as engagement in service and social justice. Students select three academic Arrupe Scholar courses that include service learning, community-based internships, field-based research, experiential learning related to social action, or emphasis on social justice issues and advocacy. In addition to the “designated” courses, students complete five 1-credit Arrupe Scholars seminars to guide them in their integration of curricular and co-curricular experiences. Descriptions of the Arrupe scholar courses can be found on pages 132-135.

Arrupe Scholars are recognized at commencement, and their program participation is noted on their academic transcript. Co-Director: Dr. Margaret Finucane, The Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts, and Director, Center for Service and Social Action.

The Bishop Anthony M. Pilla Program in Italian-American Studies

Established with the support of the Northern Ohio Italian-Americans (NOIA) and a Boler Challenge Grant in 1997, the program is named for the Most Reverend Anthony M. Pilla, ninth Bishop Emeritus of the Diocese of Cleveland (M.A., JCU ’67; D.H.I., Hon. JCU ’81). Through its course offerings in the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, the program promotes the study of Italian and Italian American literature, history, and culture. It emphasizes an understanding of the meaning of the Italian historical past, family, ties to one’s heritage, hard work, success in the face of obstacles, and the role of the spiritual in one’s life. This interdisciplinary undergraduate liberal arts program sponsors the Bishop Pilla Lecture Series, and supports the John Carroll University at Vatican City Study Abroad Program and the Bishop Pilla Summer Institute in Italy. Director: Dr. Santa Casciani, Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures.

Leadership and Social Justice Learning Community

The Leadership and Social Justice Learning Community is an interdisciplinary curricular and co-curricular four-year program open to all students. Students participate in block-scheduled courses during freshman year and take a social justice seminar in spring of the sophomore year. The spring semester of the junior year includes an internship with a community leader, and the program culminates in a senior capstone experience. Students also have the opportunity to participate in the “We The People” service learning project. Co-curricular activities are led by a program assistant committed to developing students’ leadership skills and awareness of social justice issues. Co-directors: Dr. Lauren Bowen, Associate Academic Vice President for Academic Programs and Faculty Diversity; Dr. Margaret Finucane, The Tim Russert Department of Communication and Theatre Arts, and Director, Center for Service and Social Action.

Poverty and Solidarity Program

The Poverty and Solidarity Program recognizes that addressing the complex and systemic nature of domestic and global poverty requires well-educated citizens with analytical abilities, social commitment, and specific professional skills. The program provides opportunities for students in any major to learn about poverty and encourages them to use their skills and influence as friends and allies of the poor. To achieve these goals, the program provides paid summer internships with local organizations that address poverty and supports courses that examine poverty in a wide variety of disciplines. For more information, see www.jcu.edu/poverty. Director: Dr. James Lissemore, Department of Biology.

Program in Applied Ethics

The Program in Applied Ethics supports teaching, research, and community service in the area of applied ethics. Among the goals of the program is increasing awareness of, and reflection on, contemporary ethical issues. By providing intellectual resources for understanding and wrestling with important social questions, the program fosters campus-wide conversations about moral issues. To this end, the program encourages an interdisciplinary approach to ethics that seeks to include all interested faculty, students, and other members of the University community. The Program in Applied Ethics sponsors a wide array of initiatives, such as campus visits by prominent figures in ethics, public lectures and conferences on ethical issues, and faculty and student development. The program also helps to fund faculty and student travel to conferences and course development grants. Director: Dr. Earl Spurgin, Department of Philosophy.